ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Als gene mutations in Apera spica-venti confer broad-range resistance to herbicides
 
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1
Section of Basic Natural Sciences in Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Weed Science and Plant Protection Department, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Michał Krysiak
Section of Basic Natural Sciences in Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2011;51(3):261–267
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ABSTRACT
Several biotypes of wind bentgrass in Poland have been identified as being resistant to acetolactate synthase (ALS) in- hibitors. We screened these weeds with chlorsulfuron and performed a whole-plant bioassay with a range of doses based on these four herbicides: chlorsulfuron, sulfosulfuron, propoxycarbazone-sodium and mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium mixture. Ten biotypes, diverse in their levels of resistance, were submitted for molecular tests. PCR amplification and sequencing of al s domains demonstrated numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms. Nine biotypes showed non-synonymous substitutions in codon Pro 197 , changing it to Ser or Thr. Mutation in Pro 197 conferred a high level of resistance to the tested herbicides. Analysis of four biotypes also revealed a substitution in the Ala 122 codon, changing it to Val. In one biotype this substitution was not accompa- nied by Pro 197 mutation and this biotype was resistant to chlorsulfuron and mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron, but not to sulfosulfuron or propoxycarbazone-sodium. Correspondence between mutations and levels of resistan ce to ALS inhibitors may support management of resistant weeds with the existing palette of herbicides.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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