Aphid dynamics in relation to meteorological factors and various management practices in bread wheat
More details
Hide details
Wheat Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, 38070 Faisalabad, Pakistan
Ali Muhammad Amjad
Wheat Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, 38070 Faisalabad, Pakistan
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(3):385–392
The infestation of aphids in wheat is becoming a serious problem nowadays and it might become a threat to the future wheat crop in Pakistan. With this problem in mind we did a study pertaining to aphid dynamics in relation to meteorological factors and various management practices in bread wheat. The study was carried out at the Wheat Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The aim of this study was to investigate how meteorological factors play a role in the fluctuating aphid population and how different management practices could be effective in combating aphids. The results revealed that a peak aphid population was recorded during the beginning of the third week of March for both of the study year periods of 2007–2008 and 2008–2009. Aphid density was positively associated with maximum as well as minimum temperature while it showed a negative correlation with relative humidity. However aphid population was positively but not significantly affected by rainfall. Early sowing on 1st November produced the least aphid infestation hence early sowing was encouraged as a cultural practice for keeping aphids below damaging levels. The recently developed wheat varieties like: SHAFAQ-06, SEHER-06, FSD-08 and LASANI-08, revealed aphid resistance and performed better against aphids. On the other hand the genotypes V-05003, BARS-09 and 0BT006, revealed maximum vulnerability to aphids. Number of aphids per tiller was positive correlated with loss in grain yield. Application of insecticide significantly controlled the aphid population which suggested that a combination of host plant resistance with chemical control could restrain the aphid infestation in wheat.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Acreman T.M., Dixon A.F. 1985. Developmental patterns in the wheat and resistant to cereal aphids. Crop Protect. 4 (3): 322–328.
Aheer G.M., Ali A., Munir M. 2008. Abiotic factors effect on population fluctuation of alate aphids in wheat. J. Agric. Res. 46 (4): 367–371.
Aheer G.M., Munir M., Ali A. 2007. Impact of weather factors on population of wheat aphids at Mandi Baha-ud-Din district. J. Agric. Res. 45 (1): 61–66.
Aheer G.M., Haq I., Ulfat M., Ahmad K.J., Ali A. 1993 a. Effects of swoing dates on aphids and grain yield in wheat. J. Agric. Res. 31: 75–79.
Aheer G.M., Rashid A., Afzal M., Ali A. 1993 b. Varietal resistance/susceptibility of wheat to aphids, Sitobion avenae F. and Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki. J. Agric. Res. 31 (3): 307–311.
Aheer G.M., Ahmad K.J., Ali A. 1994. Role of weather in fluctuating aphid density in wheat crop. J. Agric. Res. 32 (3): 295–301.
Ahmad K.J., Malik N.A., Akhtar A.S., Hamza M. 2006. Varietal resistance in wheat varieties/lines and sowing date effect on aphid population. J. Agric. Res. 44 (3): 215–218.
Ahmed N.E., Kanan H.O., Inanaga S., Ma W.Q., Sugimoto Y. 2001. Impact of pesticide seed treatment on aphid control and yield of wheat in the Sudan. Crop Protect. 20 (10): 929–934.
Anwar J., Ali M.A., Hussain M., Sabir W., Khan M.A., Zulkiffal M., Abdullah M. 2009. Assessment of yield criteria in bread wheat through correlation and path analysis. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 19 (4): 185–188.
Ashfaq M, Iqbal J., Ali A., Farooq U. 2007. Role of abiotic factors in population fluctuation of aphids on wheat. Pak. Entomol. 29 (2): 117–122.
Aslam M., Razaq M., Akhter W., Faheem M., Ahmad F. 2005. Effect of sowing date of wheat on aphid (Schizaphis gramium RONDANI) population. Pak. Entomol. 27 (1): 79–82.
Barabas, L., Benovsky J. 1985. The effect of winter wheat cultivars on the intensity of occurrence of the grain aphid (Sitobion avenae F). Ochrona Rostlin 21 (3): 195–199.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. 1984. Aphids of world’s crops, an identification and information guide. J. Econ. Entomol. 81 (5): 1383–1388.
Dixon A.F.G. 1987. Cereal aphids as an applied problem. Agric. Zool. Rev. 2: 1–57.
Duncan D.B. 1955. Multiple range and Multiple F. test. Biometrics 11: 1–42.
Elsidaig A.A., Zwer P.K. 1993. Genes for resistance to Russian wheat aphid in PI 294994. Crop Sci. 33 (5): 998–1001.
Hassan M.M., Nisar G., Ali A., Aheer G.M. 2004. Impact of prediators on aphids in normal sown wheat advanced lines/varieties. J. Nat. Sci. 2 (1): 41–49.
Iqbal J., Ashfaq M., Ali A. 2005. Integration of chemical control and host plant resistance against aphids on wheat. Pak. Entomol. 27 (1): 3–5.
Iqbal J., Ashfaq M., Ali A. 2008. Screening of wheat varieties/advanced lines against aphids. Pak. Entomol. 30 (1): 77–81.
Jansen J.P. 2000. A three-year field study on the short-term effects of insecticides used to control cereal aphid on plant-dwelling aphid predators in winter wheat. Pest Manage. Sci. 56 (6): 533–539.
Jarosik V., Honek A., Tichopad A. 2003. Comparison of field population growths of three cereal aphid species on winter wheat. Plant Protect. Sci. 39 (2): 61–64.
Jones J.W., Byers J.R., Butts R.A., Harris J.L. 1989. A new pest in Canada: Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Can. Entomol. 82: 1779–1781.
Keickhefer R.W., Kantack B.H. 1980. Losses in yield in spring wheat in South Dakota. J. Econ. Entomol. 73 (4): 582–585.
Kindler S.D., Springer T. L., Jensen K.B.L. 1995. Detection and characterization of the mechanisms of resistance to Russian wheat aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in tall wheat grass. J. Econ. Entomol. 88 (5): 1503–1509.
Kuroli G. 2000. Aphid flight and change in abundance of winter wheat pests. Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect. 33 (4): 361–373.
Leszczynski B., Dixon A.F.G., Bakowski T., Matok H. 1995. Cereal allelochemicals in grain aphid control. Allelopathy J. 2 (1): 31–36.
Lowe H.J.B. 1987. Breeding for Resistance to Insect. Wheat Breeding. (F.G.H. Lupton, ed.). Chapman and Hall Ltd., UK: 423–454.
Nasir S., Ahmad F. 2001. Correlation between wheat aphid population and abiotic factors. Pak. Entomol. 23 (1): 23–25.
Panda D., Thakur B.S., Patro B. 2000. Population dynamics of Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. on Brassica juncea L. at Raipur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Plant Potect. Bull. 52 (1): 28–30.
Riazuddin, Anayatullah M., Khattak M.K. 2004. Screening resistant wheat lines against aphids. Pak. Entomol. 26 (1): 13–18.
Saidi A., Quick J.S. 1996. Inheritance and allelic relationships among RWA resistance genes in winter wheat. Crop Sci. 36 (2): 256–258.
Singh V.S., Sekhar S.M.V., Sharma R.P. 2001. Root aphid infestation in wheat at Delhi and its control. Indian J. Enotomol. 63 (2): 197–201.
Smatas R., Tamosiunas K., Semaskiene R., Dabkevicius Z., Lazauskas S. 2008. Trends in aphid occurrence in spring barley in 1976–2007. J. Plant Protec. Res. 48(3): 275–282.
Srivastava A., Singh H., Thakur H.L. 1995. Impact of abiotic factors on the population dynamics of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) (Homotera: Aphididae). J. Oilseed Res. 12: 197–202.
Steel R. G. D., Torrie J. H., Deekey D. A. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
Wains M.S., Aziz-ur-Rehman, Latif M., Hussain M. 2008. Aphid dynamics in wheat as affected by weather and crop planting time. J. Agric. Res. 46 (4): 361–366.
Wiwart M., Sądej W. 2008. The effect of leaf colour of selected field bean cultivars which differ in attracting black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.). J. Plant Protection Res. 48(2): 195–200.