ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Artificial neural network potential in yield prediction of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) influenced by weed interference
Alireza Bagheri 1, A,C-F  
,   Negin Zargarian 1, B,   Farzad Mondani 1, F,   Iraj Nosratti 1, F
 
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Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Alireza Bagheri   

Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Razi university, Emam khomeini, 6715685421, Kermanshah, Iran
Submission date: 2020-02-29
Acceptance date: 2020-05-20
Online publication date: 2020-08-12
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2020;60(3):284–295
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to predict the yield and biomass of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) affected by weeds using artificial neural network and multiple regression models. Systematic sampling was done at 184 sampling points at the 8-leaf to early-flowering and at lentil maturity. The weed density and height as well as canopy cover of the weeds and lentil were measured in the first sampling stage. In addition, weed species richness, diversity and evenness were calculated. The measured variables in the first sampling stage were considered as predictive variables. In the second sampling stage, lentil yield and biomass dry weight were recorded at the same sampling points as the first sampling stage. The lentil yield and biomass were considered as dependent variables. The model input data included the total raw and standardized variables of the first sampling stage, as well as the raw and standardized variables with a significant relationship to the lentil yield and biomass extracted from stepwise regression and correlation methods. The results showed that neural network prediction accuracy was significantly more than multiple regression. The best network in predicting yield of lentil was the principal component analysis network (PCA), made from total standardized data, with a correlation coefficient of 80% and normalized root mean square error of 5.85%. These values in the best network (a PCA neural network made from standardized data with significant relationship to lentil biomass) were 79% and 11.36% for lentil biomass prediction, respectively. Our results generally showed that the neural network approach could be used effectively in lentil yield prediction under weed interference conditions.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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