RAPID COMMUNICATION
Characterization of Botryosphaeria dothidea as new pathogen of kiwifruit in Iran
Eisa Nazerian 1, A-B,D,F  
,  
Farid Beiki 3, B,E
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Plant Protection, Iranian Agricultural Research, Education and Extention of Jehad-E-AgricultureHorticultural Research Institute of Iran, Ornamental Plants Research Institute, Iran
2
Plant Disease Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Horticulture, Ornamental Plants Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Mahalat, Iran
3
Biological Control Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Eisa Nazerian   

Plant Protection, Iranian Agricultural Research, Education and Extention of Jehad-E-AgricultureHorticultural Research Institute of Iran, Ornamental Plants Research Institute, Iran, Horticultural Research Institute of Iran, 3456743 Karaj, Iran
Online publish date: 2019-03-12
Submission date: 2018-07-30
Acceptance date: 2019-01-30
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(1):134–137
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) is one of the significant commercial crop in Iran. A destructive Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) is one of the most significant commercial crops in Iran. In 2015 a destructive disease of kiwifruits was observed in orchards, storage facilities and retail markets, resulting in great economic loss to producers. In this study phenotypic and molecular techniques were applied to characterize the causal agent of kiwifruit rot observed in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. From the similarity among the results of pathogenicity tests, equivalency with standard taxonomic criteria for disease and PCR-based analysis of the ITS region, all the isolates were identified as Botryosphaeria dothidea.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (17)
1.
Amponsah N.T., Jones E.E., Ridgway H.J., Jaspers M.V. 2008. Production of Botryosphaeria species conidia using grapevine green shoots. New Zealand Plant Protection 61: 301−305.
 
2.
Barnes I., Roux J., Coetzee M.P.A., Wingfield M.J. 2001. Characterization of Seiridium spp. associated with cypress canker based on β-tubulin and histone sequences. Plant Disease 85 (3): 317−321.
 
3.
Erper I., Turkkan M., Ozcan M., Luongo L., Belisario A. 2017. Characterization of Diaporthe hongkongensis species causing stem-end rot on kiwifruit in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology 99 (3): 779–782. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.....
 
4.
Hawthorne B.T., Reid M.S. 1982. Possibility for fungicidal control of kiwifruit fungal storage rots. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture 10 (3): 333−336. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/030155....
 
5.
Koh Y.J., Hur J.S., Jung J.S. 2005. Postharvest fruit rot of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) in Korea. New Zealand Journal of Crop Horticulture Science 33 (3): 303−310. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/011406....
 
6.
Koh Y.J., Jung J.S., Hur J.S. 2003. Current status of occurrence of major diseases on kiwifruits and their control in Korea. Acta Horticulturae 610: 437−443. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.610.58.
 
7.
Li L., Pan H., Chen M., Zhang S., Zhong C. 2017. Isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi causing postharvest fruit rot of kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) in China. Journal of Phytopathology 165 (11−12): 782−790. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jph.12....
 
8.
Li G.X., Shen Y.B., Gao Y.M., Chen J., Jie Y.U. 2006. Infection process of Botryosphaeria dothidea in apple fruit. Journal of Fruit Science 1: 69−72.
 
9.
Luongo L., Santori A., Riccioni L., Belisario A. 2011. Phomopsis sp. associated with post- harvest fruit rot of kiwifruit in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 93 (1): 205−209. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.....
 
10.
Manning M.A., Meier X., Olsen T.L., Johnston P.R. 2003. Fungi associated with fruit rots of Actinidia chinensis ‘Hort16A’ in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop Horticulture 31 (4): 315−324. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/011406....
 
11.
Opgenorth D.C. 1983. Storage rot of California-grown kiwifruit. Plant Disease 67 (4): 382−383.
 
12.
Pennycook S.R. 1985. Fungal fruit rots of Actinidia deliciosa (kiwifruit). New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture 13 (4): 289–299.
 
13.
Phillips A.J. 2002. Botryosphaeria species associated with diseases of grapevines in Portugal. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 41 (1): 3−18.
 
14.
Terry L.A., Joyce D.C. 2004. Elicitors of induced disease resistance in postharvest horticulture Crops: A Brief Review. Postharvest Biology and Technology 32 (1): 1−13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.post....
 
15.
White T., Bruns T., Lee S., Taylor J. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. p. 315−322. In: “PCR-protocols a Guide to Methods and Application” (M.A. Innis, D.H. Gelfand, J.J. Sninski, T.J. White, eds.). Academic Press, San Diego, London, 482 pp.
 
16.
Yao H., Tian S. 2005. Effects of pre and post-harvest application of salicylic acid or methyl jasmonate on inducing disease resistance of sweet cherry fruit in storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 35 (3): 253−262. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.post....
 
17.
Zhou Y., Gong G., Cui Y., Zhang D., Chang X., Hu R., Liu N., Sun X. 2015. Identification of Botryosphaeriaceae species causing kiwifruit rot in Sichuan Province, China. Plant Disease 99 (5): 699−708. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-0....
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345