ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of essential oil from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. used against the Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller
 
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Department of Plant Production Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Higher Education Complex of Shirvan, Northern Khorasan, 9468194477, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mohammad Kheirkhah
Department of Plant Production Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Higher Education Complex of Shirvan, Northern Khorasan, 9468194477, Iran
Submission date: 2015-05-04
Acceptance date: 2015-06-17
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(3):260–265
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
The Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller, is a major pest of stored grain products, particularly flour. There have been major concerns over the application of conventional insecticides in stored products, which have strongly demonstrated the need for applying such alternative safe compounds as essential oils. The aim of the present study is to investigate the chemical composition and fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. against the eggs, larvae, and adults of E. kuehniella. All toxicity tests were carried out under laboratory conditions set at 26±1°C and 70% relative humidity (RH). The results of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis indicated that the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Z. clinopodioides, is rich in pulegone (49.4%), piperitenone (10.7%), menthone (8.9%), and 1,8-cineol (6.9%). Based on the bioassay results, the LC 50 value of the tested oil was estimated to be 54.61 μl · l–1 air for larvae and 1.39 μl · l–1 air for adults. Also, it is shown that increasing the oil concentration resulted in a significant increase in oviposition deterrency as well as a considerable reduction in the egg hatching percentage. These results suggest that Z. clinopodioides oil could be a potential candidate as a fumigant for managing E. kuehniella in stored products.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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