Chemicals with a natural reference for controlling water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms
More details
Hide details
Botany Department, National Research Centre, El-Tahrir Street, Dokki, Cairo, 12622, Egypt
Submission date: 2015-04-09
Acceptance date: 2015-06-20
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(3):294–300
Life cannot exist without water. Appropriate management of water, from the water’s source to its utilization, is necessary to sustain life. Aquatic weeds pose a serious threat to aquatic environments and related eco-environments. Short- and long-term planning to control aquatic weeds is extremely important. Water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, is one of the world’s worst pests with a bad reputation as an invasive weed. In this study we are seeking the possibility of using certain chemicals with a natural background, for controlling water hyacinth since there is a delicate balance that needs to be taken into account when using herbicides in water. Five compounds, namely: acetic acid, citric acid, formic acid, and propionic acid, in three concentrations (10, 15, and 20%) were applied (i.e. as a foliar application under wire-house conditions) and compared with the use of the herbicide glyphosate (1.8 kg ∙ ha–1). All of the five compounds performed well in the control of the water hyacinth. As expected, the efficacy increased as the concentration was increased from 10 to 20%. With formic and propionic acids, the plants died earlier than when the other acids or the herbicide glyphosate, were used. Acetic acid came after formic and propionic acids in terms of efficacy. Citric acid ranked last. Formic acid/propionic acid mixtures showed superior activity in suppressing water hyacinth growth especially at the rate of (8 : 2) at the different examined concentrations (3 or 5 or 10%) compared to the formic acid/acetic acid mixtures. Using the formic acid/propionic acid mixture (8 : 2; at 3%) in the open field, provided good control and confirmed the viability of these chemicals in the effective control of water hyacinth. Eventually, these chemical treatments could be used on water for controlling water hyacinth. In the future, these chemicals could probably replace the traditional herbicides widely used in this regard. These chemicals are perceived as environmentally benign for their rapid degradation to carbon dioxide and water. For maximum efficiency thorough coverage especially in bright sunlight is essential.
Tarek Abd El-Ghafar El-Shahawy
Botany Department, National Research Centre, El-Tahrir Street, Dokki, Cairo, 12622, Egypt
1. Aboul-Enein A.M., Al-Abd A.M., Shalaby E.A., Abul-Ela F., Nasr-Allah A.A., Mahmoud A.M., El-Shemy H.A. 2011. Eichhornia crassipes(Mart.) Solms. Plant Signaling and Behaviour 6 (6): 834–836.
2. Abouziena H.F.H., Omar A.A.M., Sharma S.D., Singh M. 2009. Efficacy comparison of some new natural-product herbicides for weed control at two growth stages. Weed Technology 23 (3): 431–437.
3. Anderson L.W.J. 2007. Potential for sediment-applied acetic acid for control of invasive Spartina alterniflora. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 45: 100–105.
4. Anonymous 2013. Paraquat fact sheet. Paraquat Information Center on behalf of Syngenta Crop Protection AG. Available on: http://paraquat.com/knowledge-... [Accessed: April 15, 2013].
5. Babatunde M.M., Oladimeji A.A. 2014. Comparative study of acute toxicity of paraquat and galex to Oreochromis niloticus. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research 4 (3): 437–444.
6. Bhadoria P.B.S. 2011. Allelopathy: a natural way towards weed management. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1 (1): 7–20.
7. Bickers U.M., Bradsley R.A., Briggs G.G., Green S.A., Pate A.E., Sanwald E.F., Stock D. 2005. Use of citric acid derivatives as adjuvants for herbicides (EP 1586238 A2). Available on: http://www.google.com.mx/paten... [Accessed: October 19, 2005].
8. Bus J.S., Gibson J.E. 1984. Paraquat: model for oxidant-initiated toxicity. Environmental Health Perspectives 55: 37–46.
9. Campbell B., Fernandez L., Koivunen M., Marrone P.G. 2009. Propionic acid as an herbicide (WO 2009055632 A2). Available on: http://www.google.com/patents/... [Accessed: April 30, 2009].
10. Charudattan R. 2001. Are we on top of aquatic weeds? Weed problems, control options, and challenges. p. 43–68. In: “The World’s Worst Weeds” (Riches C.R., ed.). Proceedings of an International Symposium. Brighton, UK, 12 November 2001, 118 pp.
11. Chase C.A., Scholberg J.M., MacDonald G.E. 2004. Preliminary evaluation of nonsynthetic herbicides for weed management in organic orange production. Proceedings of the Floride State Horticultural Society 117: 135–138.
12. Chisholm W.P. 2006. Review of aquatic weed control methods in New Zealand. p. 787–790. In: Proceedings of the 15th Australian Weeds Conference (C. Preston, J.H. Watts, N.D. Crossman, eds.). Weed Management Society of South Aus-.
13. tralia, Adelaide, Australia, 24–28 September 2006, 904 pp.
14. Duke S.O., Dayan F.E., Rimando A.M., Schrader K.K., Aliotta G., Oliva A., Romagni J.G. 2002. Chemicals from nature for weed management. Weed Science 50 (2): 138–151.
15. El-Shahawy T.A., Abdelhamid, M.T. 2013. Potential allelopathic effect of six Phaseolus vulgaris recombinant inbred lines for weed control. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7 (1): 462–467.
16. Fernandez L., Campbell B., Huang H., Koivunen M., Marrone P.G. 2009. Natural herbicide containing lemongrass essential oil (US 20090099022 A1). Available on: http:// www.google.com/patents/US20090... [Accessed: April 16, 2009].
17. Findlay J.B.R., Jones D. 1996. The integrated control of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, in Africa based on Roundup®herbicide treatments. p. 435–440. In: “Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds” (V.C. Moran, J.F. Hoffmann, eds.). University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 19–26 January 1996, 563 pp.
18. Frederickson M.E., Greene M.J., Gordon D.M. 2005. Ecology:‘Devil’s gardens’ bedevilled by ants. Nature 437: 495–496.
19. Goldsmith E., Hildyard N. 1984. Water losses: exceeding gains? Chapter 5. In: The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams. Vol. 1. Overview. Wadebridge Ecological Centre, Worthyvale Manor Camelford, Cornwall PL32 9TT, UK.
20. Gorham P. 2008. Aquatic weed management in waterways and dams. Primefacts 30: 1–8. Available on: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/data... weedmanagement-in-waterways-and-dams.pdf [Accessed: November 1, 2008].
21. Ivany J.A. 2010. Acetic acid for weed control in potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 90 (4): 537–542.
22. Jabran K., Farooq M., Hussain M., Hafeez-ur-Rehman, Ali M.A. 2010. Wild oat (Avena fatua L.) and canary grass (Phalaris minor Ritz.) management through allelopathy. Journal of Plant Protection Research 5 (1): 41–44.
23. Jayan P.R., Sathyanathan N. 2012.Aquatic weed classification, environmental effects and the management technologies for its effective control in Kerala, India. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 5 (1): 76–91.
24. Kassas M. 1980. Environmental aspects of water resources development. p. 1–6. In: “Water Management in Developing Countries” (A.K. Biswas et al., eds.). Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 69 pp.
25. Koivunen M., Marrone P. 2013. Uses of thaxtomin and thaxtomin compositions as herbicides (US 8476195 B2). Available on: http://www.google.com/patents/... [Accessed: July 2, 2013].
26. Labrada R. 2003. The need for weed risk assessment.p. 1–6. In: “FAO Expert Consultation on Weed Risk Assessment” (R. Labrada, ed.), FAO, Room, Italy, 11–13 June 2002, 117 pp.
27. Lancar L., Krake K. 2002. Aquatic weeds and their management. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage. 65 pp. Available on: http:/www.icid.org/weed_report.pdf [Accessed: March, 2002].
28. Lance R., Gibson L.R. 2004. Herbicide mode of action: Photosynthesis inhibitors. Agronomy 317 – Principles of Weed Science. Available on: http://agron-www.agron.iastate... [Accessed: July 23, 2004].
29. Low e S., Browne M., Boudjelas S., De Poorter M. 2000. 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species. A selection from the Global Invasive Species Database. Available on: www.issg.org/booklet.pdf [Accessed: December 12, 2000].
30. Luque G.M., Bellard C., Bertelsmeier C., Bonnaud E., Genovesi P., Simberloff D., Courchamp F. 2013. Alien species: Monster fern makes IUCN invader list. Nature 498 (7452): 37.Murphy T.R. 1999. Turfgrass herbicide mode of action and environmental fate. The University of Georgia. Available on: http://www.commodities.caes.ug... [Accessed: March, 1999].
31. Nekonam M.S., Razmjoo J., Kraimmojeni H., Sharifnabi N., Amini H., Bahrami F. 2014. Assessment of some medicinal plants for their allelopathic potential against redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). Journal of Plant Protection Research 54 (1): 90–95.
32. Owen M.D.K. 2002. Acetic acid (vinegar) for weed control revisited. Integrated Crop Management. Available on: http://www.weeds.iastate.edu/w... [Accessed: July 8, 2002].
33. Parolin P., Rudolph B., Bartel S., Bresch C., Poncet C. 2012. Word wide invasion pathways of the South American Eichhornia crassipes. Acta Horticulturae 937: 1133–1140.
34. Ray P., Kumar S., Pandey S. 2009. Impact evaluation of Neochetina spp. on different growth stages of water hyacinth. Journal of Plant Protection Research 49 (1): 7–14.
35. Romero-Sierra C., Webb J.C. 1981. Water, alcohols, acids. Preservation of open tissues (US4278715A). Available on: http://www.google.com/patents/... [Accessed: July 14, 1981].
36. Smith-Fiola D., Gill S. 2014. Vinegar: an alternative to glyphosate? University of Maryland Extension. Available on: http://extension.umd.edu/sites... ToGlyphosate-UMD-Smith-Fiola-and-Gill.pdf [Accessed: July , 2014].
37. Stubbs T.L., Kennedy A.C. 2012. Microbial weed control and microbial herbicides. p. 135–166. In: “Herbicides – Environmental Impact Studies and Management Approaches” (R. Alvarez-Fernandez, ed.), InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 248 pp.
38. Summers L.A. 1980. The Bipyridinium Herbicides. Academic Press, New York, USA, 449 pp.
39. Téllez T.R., López E.M., Granado G.L., Pérez E.A., López R.M., Guzmán J.M.S. 2008. The water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: an invasive plant in the Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Aquatic Invasions 3 (1): 42–53.
40. Wells R.D.S., Clayton J.S. 2005. Mechanical and chemical control of aquatic weeds: costs and benefits. In: Encyclopedia of Pest Management. DOI: 10.1081/E-EPM-120024643.
41. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 2014. Corrosive substance. Available on: http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Corrosive_substance[Accessed: June, 2014].
42. Wilson C., Marrone P., Fernandez L., Koivunen M., Campbell B. 2007. Formic acid as an herbicide (US 20070281857 A1). Available on: http://www.google.com/patents/ US20070281857 [Accessed: December 12, 2007.