ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Combination of mating disruption and granulosis virus for control of codling moth in Bulgaria
 
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1
Fruit Growing Institute; kv. “Ostromila” 12, 4004 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2
Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs DEA, Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil Research Station ACW, Schloss, P.O. Box 185, CH-8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Hristina Kutinkova
Fruit Growing Institute; kv. “Ostromila” 12, 4004 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2008;48(4):509–513
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ABSTRACT
An application of mating disruption by use of Ecodian CP dispensers (ISAGRO, Italy) in combination with the granulosis virus product Carpovirusine 2000 (Arysta LifeScience, France) against Codling moth (CM), Cydia pomonella, was tested near Plovdiv, Central South Bulgaria. In 2007, the method was applied in an orchard where in the previous year fruit damage reached 18.7% and the CM population was high, as indicated by 3.83 diapausing larvae per tree. Carpovirusine was applied 11 times in the trial plot in combination with Ecodian CP dispensers installed twice during the season. Before harvest, fruit damage in the trial plot amounted to 0.9% and the overwintering population in autumn 2007 was only 0.46 larvae per tree. At the same time in the reference orchard, where 15 insecticide treatments were applied during the season, fruit damage before harvest reached 12.3% and the hibernating population was 7.97 larvae per tree. So, it has been confirmed that combination of both methods might be an effective tool for control of codling moth in the orchards with high population density and resistance to conventional insecticides. This study is being continued.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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