ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative efficacy of garlic clove and castor seed aqueous extracts against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita infecting tomato plants
 
More details
Hide details
1
Plant Pathology Deptartment, Nematology Laboratory, National Research Center, P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Egypt
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Wafaa Mohamed Abd-Elhameed El-Nagdi
Plant Pathology Deptartment, Nematology Laboratory, National Research Center, P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Egypt
Submission date: 2012-07-30
Acceptance date: 2013-07-29
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2013;53(3):285–288
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
A greenhouse experiment using aqueous extracts of garlic (Allium sativum) cloves and castor bean (Ricinus communis) seeds, to control root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato cv. Super strain B, was conducted. The plant materials were diluted with distilled water; the concentration was 10 g/100 ml. Four-week old tomato seedlings were planted in pots and arranged in a completely randomized block design for a treatment of five replicates. Approximately 2,000 juveniles of root knot nematode were pipetted around each plant. The botanical extracts were either soil drenched or foliar sprayed, for each pot. Cadusafos 10G (Rugby) as a nematicide, and non-treated pots served as the control. Results showed that tomato is susceptible to M. incognita infection. Botanical extracts were more effective and significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced nematode criteria including number of galls and egg masses on roots of tomato and number of juveniles in roots and soil, compared to nematicide and non-treated plants. In general, a high dilution of the tested materials caused higher increases in lengths and weights of shoots and numbers and weights of fruits than those occurred by a low dilution.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Abd-Elgawad M.M., Kabeil S.S., Abd-El-Wahab A.E. 2009. Changes in protein content and enzymatic activity of tomato plants in response to nematode infection. Egypt. J. Agronematol. 7 (10): 49–61.
 
2.
Agbenin N.O., Emechebe A.M., Marley P.S., Alpa A.O. 2005. Evaluation of nematicidal action of some botanicals on Meloidogyne incognito in vivo and in vitro. J. Agric. Rural Develop. Trop. Subtrop. 106 (1): 29–39.
 
3.
Ali E.M. 1994. Advanced studies to control plant parasitic nematodes by non–chemical methods. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo Univ., Egypt, 118 pp.
 
4.
Ameen H.H. 1996. Influence of garlic Allium sativum on populations of Rotylenchulus reniformis and Meloidogyne incognito infecting cowpea and tomato. Al-Azhar J. Agric. Res. 23: 77–85.
 
5.
Amin A.W., Youssef M.M.A. 1998. Effect of organic amendments on the parasitism of Meloidogyne javanica and Rotylenchulus reniformis and growth of sunflower. Pak. J. Nematol. 16 (1): 63–70.
 
6.
Bekhiet M.A., Kella A., El-Gindi A.Y., Hammad Eman A. 2010. Effect of certain inorganic acids and garlic cloves oil for controlling the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica infecting banana plant. Egypt. J. Agronematol. 9 (2): 202–214.
 
7.
Fadema S., Ahmed M.U. 2005. Comparative efficacy of some organic amendments and a nematicide (Furadam-3G) against root knot nematode on two local varieties of groundnut. Plant Pathol. J. 4 (1): 54–57.
 
8.
Gharabadiyan F., Jamali S., Yadi A.A., Hadizadeh M.H., Eskandari A. 2012. Weed hosts of root-knot nematodes in tomato fields. J. Plant Prot. Res. 52 (2): 230–134.
 
9.
Ibrahim I.K.A. 2011. Nematode Pests Parasitic on Agricultural Field Crops. Manshaat El. Maaref, Alexandria, 250 pp.
 
10.
Katoll N., Moghadam E.M., Taheri A., Nasrollahnejad S. 2010. Management of root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) on cucumber with the extract and oil of nematicidal plants. Int. J. Agric. Res. 5 (8): 582–586.
 
11.
Khalil M.S.E., Allam A.F.G., Barakat A.S.T. 2012. Nematicidal activity of some biocide agents and microorganisms against root-knot nematode on tomato plants under greenhouse conditions. J. Plant Prot. Res. 52 (1): 47–52.
 
12.
Khan S.A., Javed N., Khan M.A., Haq I.U., Safdar A. 2011. Use of plant extracts as bare dip root treatment for the management of Meloidogyne incognita. Pak. J. Phytopathol. 23 (1): 9–13.
 
13.
Mousa E.M., Mahdy M.E., Younis Dalia M. 2011. Evaluation of some plant extracts to control root knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. on tomato plants. Egypt. J. Agronematol. 10 (1): 1–14.
 
14.
Nigh E.L. 1985. Allelopathic activity of plants to nematode. J. Nematol. 17 (4): 518.
 
15.
Ojha S., Chatterjee N.C. 2012. Induction of resistance in tomato plants against Fusarium oxysporum sp. Lycopersici mediated through salicylic acid and Trichoderm harzianum . J. Plant Prot. Res. 52 (2): 220–225.
 
16.
Osman H.A., El–Gindi A.Y., Ameen H.H., Youssef M.M.A., Lashein A.M. 2005. Evaluation of the nematiicidal effects of smashed garlic, sincocin and nemaless on the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita infecting cowpea plants. Bull. Nat. Res. Centre, Egypt 30 (3): 297–305.
 
17.
Queneherve P., Mateille T., Topart P. 1991. Effect of cadusafos compared with other non-fumigant nematicides on the control of nematodes and on yield of banana cv. Poyo in the Ivory Coast. Revue de Nematol. 14 (2): 251–260.
 
18.
Reddy B.M.R., Karuna K., Krishnappa K., Ravichandra H.S. 2002. Evaluation of cadusafos (Rugby 10G) in the management of Meloidogyne incognita Race-1 on tomato. Proc. National Symposium on Biodiversity and Management of Nematodes in Cropping Systems for Sustainable Agriculture. Jaipur, India, 11–13 November, 267 pp.
 
19.
Saravanpriya B., Sivakumar M. 2005. Management of root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato with botanicals. Nat. Prod. Rad. 4 (3): 158–161.
 
20.
SAS. 1999. Statistical Analysis System. Procedure Guide. Version, 6. 12th ed. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
 
21.
Sasser J.N., Carter C.C. 1985. An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne, Biology and Control. Vol. 1. North Carolina State University Graphics, 422 pp.
 
22.
Sukul N.C., Das P.K., De E.G. 1974. Nematicidal action of some edible crops. Nematologica 20 (2): 187–191.
 
23.
Taylor A.L., Sasser J.N. 1978. Biology, Identification and Control of Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne species). North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh, USA, 111 pp.
 
24.
Tibugaril H., Mombeshora1 D., Mandumbu R., Karavina C., Parwada C. 2012. A comparison of the effectiveness of the aqueous extracts of garlic, castor beans and marigold in the biocontrol of root-knot nematode in tomato. J. Agric. Technol. 8 (2): 479–492.
 
25.
Young T.W. 1954. An incubation method for collecting migratory endoparasitic nematodes. Plant Dis. Rep. 38 (11): 794–795.
 
26.
Youssef M.M.A., Amin A.W. 1997. Effect of soil amendment in the control of Meloidogyne javanica and Rotylenchulus reniformis infection on cowpea. Pak. J. Nematol. 15 (1&2): 55–63.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345