ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Developing an artificial diet for rearing Orius albidipennis Reuter (Het., Anthocoridae)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Khuzestan province, Iran
2
Department of Plant Protection, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Khuzestan province, Iran
3
Department of Food Technology, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Khuzestan province, Iran
Online publish date: 2018-09-28
Submission date: 2018-05-17
Acceptance date: 2018-08-01
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3)
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The use of suitable mass rearing methods is crucial to establish successful inundative or inoculative biological control programs. The development of an artificial diet considerably reduces costs of mass rearing. In this study, the efficacy of a new meridic artificial diet for rearing the predatory bug, Orius albidipennis (Het., Anthocoridae), was studied. The artificial diet was composed of some natural materials including lamb liver, hen yolk, whey protein, honey, royal jelly and some specific vitamins. To determine the artificial diet efficacy life table parameters of the bugs, using the two-sex life table method, fed artificial and factitious diets, Ephestia kuehniella egg + date palm pollen, were compared. Results showed that O. albidipennis could complete its life stages and reproduce when reared on the recommended artificial diet. However, its fecundity and survival rate when fed the artificial diet was lower than the controls. Overall, due to lower production costs the artificial diet can be recommended for mass rearing of O. albidipennis despite the lower fecundity and survival rate.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Ali Rajabpour   
Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Khuzestan province, Iran
 
REFERENCES (28):
1. Akramovskaya E.G. 1978. The biology of some predatory bugs of the family Anthocoridae in the conditions of the Ararat valley in Armenia. Biologicheskii Zhurnal Armenii 31 (9): 959–964.
2. Arijs Y., De Clercq P. 2004. Liver-based artificial diets for the production of Orius laevigatus. BioControl 49 (5): 505–516. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:BICO....
3. Banihashemi A.S., Seraj A.A., Yarahmadi F., Rajabpour A. 2017. Effect of host plants on predation, prey preference and switching behaviour of Orius albidipennis on Bemisia tabaci and Tetranychus turkestani. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 37 (3): 176–182. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S17427....
4. Bonte M., De Clercq P. 2010. Impact of artificial rearing systems on the developmental and reproductive fitness of the predatory bug, Orius laevigatus. Journal of Insect Science 10 (1): 104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1673/031.01....
5. Bueno V.H.P., Mendes S.M., Carvalho L.M. 2006. Evaluation of a rearing-method for the predator Orius insidiosus. Bulletin of Insectology 59 (1): 1–6.
6. Burden R.L., Faires J.D. 2005. Numerical Analysis. 8th ed. Belmont: Thomson.
7. Chi H. 1988. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rate among individuals. Environmental Entomology 17: 26–34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/17.....
8. Chi H. 2017. TWO-SEX MS Chart; computer programe forage-stage two-sex life table analysis. National Cheung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. Available on: http://140.120.197.173/Ecology... [Accessed: 30 September 2017].
9. Chi H., Liu H. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica 24: 225–240.
10. Efron B., Tibshirani R.J. 1993. An Introduction to the Bootstrap. New York: Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington, D.C., 430 pp.
11. Ferkovich S.M., Shapiro J.P. 2004a. Comparison of prey-derived and non-insect supplements on egg-laying of Orius insidiosus maintained on artificial diet as adults. Biological Control 31 (1): 57–64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioc....
12. Ferkovich S.M., Shapiro J.P. 2004b. Increased egg-laying in Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) fed artificial diet supplemented with an embryonic cell line. Biological Control 31 (1): 11–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioc....
13. Ferkovich S.M., Venkatesan T., Shapiro J.P., Carpenter J.E. 2007. Presentation of artificial diet: effects of composition and size of prey and diet domes on egg production by Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae). Florida Entomologist 90 (3): 502–508. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1653/0015-4....
14. Hasanzadeh H., Esfandiari M., Shishehbor P., Rajabpour A. 2015. Functional response of different developmental stages of Orius albidipennis Reuter feeding on the strawberry spider mite, Tetranychus turkestani. Plant Protection 38 (3): 3–13.
15. Hassanzadeh H., Shishehbor P., Esfandiari M., Rajabpour A. 2013. Collection of Orius species (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) in some counties of Yazd province, Iran. Munis Entomology and Zoology 8 (1): 507–508.
16. Lee K.S., Lee J.H. 2004. Rearing of Orius strigicollis (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on artificial diet. Entomological Research 34 (4): 299–303. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748....
17. Omkar O. 2016. Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security. Elsevier Science, Netherland. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/c2014-....
18. Rajabpour A., Seraj A.A., Allahyari H., Shishehbor P. 2011. Evaluation of Orius laevigatus Fiber (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) for biological control of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on greenhouse cucumber in South of Iran. Asia Journal of Biological Science 4: 457–467. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajbs.2....
19. Riddick E.W. 2009. Benefits and limitations of factitious prey and artificial diets on life parameters of predatory beetles, bugs, and lacewings: a mini-review. BioControl 54 (3): 325. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/095831....
20. Safaei N., Rajabpour A., Seraj A.A. 2015. Evaluation of various diets and oviposition substrates for rearing Orius albidipennis Reuter. Entomological Society of Iran 35 (4): 29–37.
21. Salehi Z., Yarahmadi F., Rasekh A., Sohani N.Z. 2016. Functional responses of Orius albidipennis Reuter (Hemiptera,Anthocoridae) to Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) on two tomato cultivars with different leaf morphological characteristics. Entomologia Generalis 36 (2): 127–136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/entomo....
22. Shapiro J.P., Ferkovich S.M. 2006. Oviposition and isolation of viable eggs from Orius insidiosus in a parafilm and water substrate: Comparison with green beans and use in enzyme-linkes immunosorbent assay. Annals of Entomological Society of America 99: 586–591. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8....
23. Sobhy I.S., Awad A., Sarhan A.A., Shoukry A.A, El-Kady G.A. 2010. Development, consumption rates and reproductive biology of Orius albidipennis reared on various prey. Bio-Control 55: 753–765. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526....
24. Stansly P., Steven N., Legg J.P. 2010. Biology and ecology of Bemisia tabaci. p. 553. In: “Bemisia: Bionomics and Management of a Global Pest” (P. Stansly, N. Steven, eds.). Springer, Netherland. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90....
25. Tan X.L., Wang S., Zhang F. 2013. Optimization an optimal artificial diet for the predatory bug Orius sauteri (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Plos One 8 (4): e61129. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
26. Tommasini M.G., van Lenteren J.C., Burgio G. 2004. Biological traits and predation capacity of four Orius species on two prey species. Bulletin of Insectology 57: 79–92.
27. Wittmeyer J.L., Coudron T.A. 2001. Life table parameters, reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase, and estimated cost of rearing Podisus maculiventris (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) on an artificial diet. Journal of Economic Entomology 94 (6): 1344–1352. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0....
28. Woodroffe G.E. 1973. Hemipteres, anthocoridae, cimicidae et microphysidae de Vouest palearctique. Journal of Entomology Series A, General Entomology 48 (1): 10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365....
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345