ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of microwave radiation and cold storage on Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Entomology, Agricultural Faculty, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Gasemzadeh Somayyeh
Department of Entomology, Agricultural Faculty, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(2):140–145
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The combined impact of microwave radiation and cold storage on Tribolium castaneum Herbst and Sitophilus oryzae L. adults either continuously or intermittently was evaluated. The insects were exposed to 2 450 MHz at power level of 100 W for exposure time 10 min, continuously and intermittently. In all experiments, the highest rate of mortality was achieved for exposure time 10 min intermittently and 72 h cold storage duration. Intermittent exposures were generally more effective in killing insects of both species compared with those of continuous irradiation. Combinations of microwave radiation and cold storage were found highly compatible and synergistic. The synergistic interaction indicates that microwave radiation can be used with cold storage for management of T. castaneum and S. oryzae adult developmental stage. This treatment could provide an effective and friendly environmental treatment technique in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (25)
1.
Ayvaz A., Karabörklü S. 2008. Effect of cold storage and different diets on Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lep. Pyralidae). J. Pest Sci. 81: 57–62.
 
2.
Bell C.H., Wilson S.M. 1995. Phosphine tolerance and resistance in Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). J. Stored Products Res. 31: 199–205.
 
3.
Collins P.J., Daglish G.H., Bengston M., Lambkin T.M., Pavic H. 2002. Genetics of resistance to phosphine in Rhyzopertha dominica. J. Econ. Entomol. 95: 862–869.
 
4.
Federal Grain Inspection Service. 1999. Official United States standards for grain subpart m: United States standards for wheat. www.usda.gov/gipsa/reference- library/standards/810101. pdf.
 
5.
Field P.G. 1992. The control of stored-product insects and mites with extreme Temperatures. J. Stored Products Res. 28: 89–118.
 
6.
FAD (Food and Drug Administration) 1997. Wheat flour-adulteration with insect fragments and rodent hairs (CPG 7104.06). Compliance Policy Guides Manual, Chapter 5: “Foods, Color and Cosmetics”, Sub Chapter 578-Processed Grain. http://www.fda.gov/ora/complia.... htm.
 
7.
Halverson S.L., Phillips T.W., Bigelow T.S., Mbata G.N., Payton M.E. 1999. The control of various species of stored-product insects with EHF energy. Available in: http://www.epa.gov/spdpublc/mb... halver.pdf.
 
8.
Hill D.S. 1990. Pests of Stored Products and their Control. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 274 pp.
 
9.
Ikediala J.N., Tang J., Neven L.G., Drake S.R. 1999. Quarantine treatment of cherries using 915 MHz microwaves: temperature mapping, codling moth mortality and fruit quality. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 16: 127–137.
 
10.
ISTA (International Seed Testing Association) 1999. International rules for seed testing. Annex to Chapter 5: “The Germination Test”. Seed Sci. Technol. (Supplement) 27: 27–32.
 
11.
Ja Hyun N.A., Ryoo M.L. 2000. The influence of temperature on development of Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on dried vegetable commodities. J. Stored Products Res. 36: 125–129.
 
12.
Johnson J.A., Valero K.A., Hannel M.M. 1997. Effect of low temperature storage on survival and reproduction of Indian meal moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protect. 16: 519–523.
 
13.
Johnson J.A., Wang S., Tang J. 2003. Thermal death kinetics of fifth instar Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyraidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 96: 519–524.
 
14.
Larentzaki E., Powell G., Copland M.J.W. 2007. Effects of cold storage on survival, reproduction and development of adults and eggs of Franklinothrips vespiformis (Crawford). Biol. Control 43: 265–270.
 
15.
Leesch J.G., Knapp G.F., Mackey B.E. 2000. Methyl bromide adsorption on activated carbon to control emissions from commodity fumigations. J. Stored Products Res. 36: 65–74.
 
16.
Nelson S.O. 1996. Review and assessment of radio-frequency and microwaves energy for stored-grain insect control. Trans. ASAE 39 (4): 1475–1484.
 
17.
Özder N. 2004. Effect of different cold storage periods on parasitization performance of Trichogramma cacoeciae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on eggs of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 14: 441–447.
 
18.
Rajendran S., Muralidharan N. 2001. Performance of phosphine fumigation of bagged paddy rice in indoor and outdoor stores. J. Stored Products Res. 37: 351–358.
 
19.
Shayesteh N., Barthakur N.N. 1996. Mortality and behavior of two stored-product insect species during microwave irradiation. J. Stored Products Res. 32: 239–246.
 
20.
Vadivambal R., Jayas D.S., White N.D.G. 207. Wheat disinfestations using microwave energy. J. Stored Products Res. 43: 508–514.
 
21.
Wang S., Tang J. 2001. Radio frequency and microwaves alternative treatments for insect control in nuts. J. Agric. Eng. 10: 105–120.
 
22.
Wang S., Tang J., Johnson J.A., Hassan E., Hallman G., Drake S.R., Wang Y. 2003. Dielectric properties of fruits and insect pests as related to radio frequency and microwave treatments. Biosyst. Eng. 85: 201–212.
 
23.
Warchalewski J.R., Pradzynska A., Gralik J., Nawrot J. 2000. The effect of gamma and microwave irradiation of wheat grain on development parameters of some stored grain pests. Nahrung 44: 411–414.
 
24.
Zhao S., Qiu Ch., Xiong Sh., Cheng X. 2007. A thermal lethal model of rice weevils subjected to microwave irradiation. J. Stored Products Res. 43: 430–434.
 
25.
Zhu S., Zhang Y., Marchant T.R. 1995. ADRBEM model for microwave heating problems. Appl. Math. Modeling 19: 287–304.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345