RAPID COMMUNICATION
Effect of soil type on pyrethrum seed germination
 
More details
Hide details
1
Institute of Agriculture and Tourism, Karla Huguesa 8, 52 440 Poreč, Croatia
2
Polytechnic of Rijeka, Agricultural Department, Karla Huguesa 6, 52 400 Poreč, Croatia
3
High and Professional School Jurja Dobrile, Pazin, Šetaliste Pazinske gimnazije 11, Pazin, Croatia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Barbara Sladonja
Institute of Agriculture and Tourism, Karla Huguesa 8, 52 440 Poreč, Croatia
Submission date: 2014-07-09
Acceptance date: 2014-11-17
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2014;54(4):421–425
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch. Bip.) is an autochthonous insecticidal plant from Dalmatia (Croatia). It is commercially grown worldwide with a particularly fast expansion in Africa and Australia (Tasmania) and used as a natural insecticide. The study was conducted in Istria, Croatia, in a greenhouse, to determine the effect of soil type on the germination of pyrethrum seeds. The effect of different soil types on the germination of pyrethrum was found to be highly significant. The highest percentage of germination was found on white clay loam (soil type 2), and the lowest on red clay Terra Rossa (soil types 1 and 6). Seed germination was greatly influenced by soil texture, foremost silt percentage, and soil pH. The present study suggests that pyrethrum seed germination is best on slightly alkaline clayey loams with moderate nutrients. Positive correlation was confirmed among germination percentage and silt content and soil pH.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (31)
1.
Ahmed M.Z., Khan M.A. 2010. Tolerance and recovery responses of playa halophytes to light, salinity and temperature stresses during seed germination. Flora 205 (11): 764–771.
 
2.
Andreev R., Kutinkova H., Baltas K. 2008. Non-chemical control of some important pests of sweet cherry. J. Plant Prot. Res. 48 (4): 503–508.
 
3.
Ban D., Sladonja B., Lukić M., Lukić I., Lušetić V., Kovačević Ganić K., Žnidarčić D. 2010. Comparison of pyrethrins extraction methods efficiencies. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 9 (18): 2702–2708.
 
4.
Benić Penava M. 2012. Proizvodnja buhača u dubrovačkom kotaru između dva svjetska rata. [Pyrethrum production in Dubrovnik area between two World Wars]. Ekonomska i Ekohistorija 8 (8): 108–115.
 
5.
Biankini P.L. 1881. Buhač (Pyrethrum cinerariaefolium). Brzotiskom “Narodnoga lista”, Zadar, Croatia, 47 pp.
 
6.
Casida J.E., Quistad G.B. 1995. Pyrethrum Flowers, Production Chemistry, Toxicology, and Uses. Oxford University Press, USA, 356 pp.
 
7.
Durn G. 2003. Terra rossa in the Mediterranean region: parent materials, composition and origin. Geologica Croatica 56 (1): 83–100.
 
8.
Ebadollahi A., Rahimi-Nasrabadi M., Batooli H., Geranmayeh J. 2013. Evaluation of the insecticidal activities of three eucalyptus species cultivated in Iran, against Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). J. Plant Prot. Res. 53 (4): 347–352.
 
9.
Ertürk Ö., Şekeroğlu V., Koç A., Kalkan Y. 2004. Antifeedant and toxicity effects of some plant extracts on Yponomeuta malinellus Zell. (Lep.: Yponomeutidae). J. Plant Prot. Res. 44 (3): 165–174.
 
10.
Fulton D., Clark R., Fulton A. 2001. Effects of sowing time on pyrethrins yield of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium) in Tasmania. In: “Science and Technology: Delivering Results for Agriculture?” (B. Rowe, D. Donaghy, N. Mendham, eds.). Proc. of the 10th Australian Agronomy Conference, Hobart, Tasmania, January 2001.
 
11.
Gioseffi M. 1929. Per una maggior diffusione della coltura del piretro in Istria. [For major spreading of pyrethrum production in Istria]. Istria Agricola, Periodico quindicinale. Istituto Agrario Provinciale Parenzo, Anno IX: 170–172.
 
12.
Gluhić D. 2005. Pogodnosti tla Istre za vinogradarsku proizvodnju. [Adaptability of different soil type from Istria region, Croatia, for viticulture production]. Glasnik Zaštite Bilja I (6): 29–54.
 
13.
Grdiša M., Babić S., Periša M., Carović-Stanko K., Kolak I., Liber Z., Jug-Dujaković M., Šatović Z. 2013. Chemical diversity of the natural populations of Dalmatian pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch. Bip.) in Croatia. Chem. Biodivers. 10 (3): 460–472.
 
14.
Grdiša M., Carović-Stanko K., Kolak I., Šatović Z. 2009. Morphological and biochemical diversity of Dalmatian pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch. Bip.). Agric. Conspec. Sci. 74 (2): 73–80.
 
15.
Gray J.M., Murphy B.W. 2002. Predicting soil distribution. Joint Department of Land and Water Conservation (DLWC) and Australian Society of Soil Science (ASSSI) Technical Poster, New South Wales, Department of Land and Water Conservation (DLWC), Sydney.
 
16.
Irmak S., Aydemir S. 2008. Morphology of three terra rossa soils in East Mediterranean region, Turkey. Asian J. Chem. 20 (4): 2580–2586.
 
17.
Jafarbeigi F., Samih M.A., Zarabi M., Esmaeily S. 2012. The effect of some herbal extracts and pesticides on the biological parameters of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Hem.: Aleyrodidae) pertaining to tomato grown under controlled conditions. J. Plant Prot. Res. 52 (4): 375–380.
 
18.
Kolak I., Šatović Z., Rukavina H., Filipaj B. 1999. Dalmatinski buhač (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch. Bip.). Sjemenarstvo 16 (5): 425–439.
 
19.
Kulkarni M.G., Sparg S.G., van Staden J. 2005. Temperature and light requirements for seed germination and seedling growth of two medicinal Hyacinthaceae species. South Afr. J. Bot. 71 (3): 349–353.
 
20.
Li J., Yin L.Y., Jongsma M.A., Wang C.Y. 2011. Effects of light, hydro priming and abiotic stress on seed germination, and shoot and root growth of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium). Ind. Crops Prod. 34 (3): 1543–1549.
 
21.
Lončar N. 2005. Geomorfologija. [Geomorphology]. p. 249–252. In: “Istarska enciklopedija” [“Encyclopedia of Istria”] (M. Bertoša, R. Matijašić, eds). Leksikografski Zavod Miroslav Krleža, Zagreb, Croatia, 943 pp.
 
22.
Mihovilović I. 2005. Proizvodnja i prerada ljekovitog i aromatičnog bilja. [Production and Processing of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants]. http://www.ras.hr/Media/Ljekov.... [Accessed: May 15, 2014].
 
23.
Pennock D., Yates T., Braidek J. 2006. Soil sampling designs. p. 25–38. In: “Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis” (M.R. Carter, E.G. Gregorich, eds.). 2nd ed. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA, 198 pp.
 
24.
Rauf S., Teixeira da Silva J.A., Khan A.A., Naveed A. 2010. Consequence of plant breeding on genetic diversity. Int. J. Plant Breed. 4 (1): 1–21.
 
25.
Rossi A. 1924. Appunti sulla coltura del crisantemo. [Remarks on pyrethrum production]. Istria Agricola, Periodico quindicinale. Istituto Agrario Provinciale, Parenzo, Anno IV (19): 446–452.
 
26.
Salardini A.A. 2001. The effects of hybrids, soil types and applied phosphorus on the growth and tissue composition of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium L.). http:://www.regional.org.au/au/asa/299.... [Accessed: April 20, 2014].
 
27.
Singh S.P., Sharma J.R. 1989. Genetic improvement of pyrethrum. Theor. Appl. Genet. 78 (6): 841–846.
 
28.
Škorić A. 1982. Priručnik za pedološka istraživanja. [Handbook on Soil Researches]. Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet poljoprivrednih znanosti, Zagreb, Croatia, 57 pp.
 
29.
Vasilj Đ. 2000. Biometrika i eksperimentiranje u bilinogojstvu. [Biometrics and Experiments Design in Plant Production]. Hrvatsko agronomsko društvo, Zagreb, Croatia, 320 pp.
 
30.
Vasisht K. 2001. Overview of Pyrethrum industry. In: Industrial Utilization of Pyrethrum Workshop Proceedings. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 29–30 May 2000. http://institute.unido.org/doc... [Accessed: April 10, 2014].
 
31.
Wandahwa P., van Ranst E. 1995. Qualitative land suitability assessment for pyrethrum cultivation in west Kenya based upon computer-captured expert knowledge and GIS. Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 56 (3): 187–202.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345