ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effectiveness of grapefruit extract and Pythium oligandrum in the control of bean and peas pathogens
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of Agriculture, Department of Phytopathology Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Elżbieta Patkowska
University of Agriculture, Department of Phytopathology Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2006;46(1):15–28
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The purpose of the present work was to estimate the effectiveness of grapefruit extract and Pythium oligandrum in protection of common bean, runner bean and pea from soil-borne pathogenic fungi. The investigated preparations were used for seed dressing and spraying plants at the beginning of anthesis. The results pointed out that the applied products considerably improved emergence, healthiness and yielding of the examined plant species. Besides, Biosept 33 SL showed a better effect than Polyversum. Independently on the species, the fewest plants, with the greatest proportion of infected ones and the smallest yield of seeds were obtained from the untreated control. Alternaria alternata, Fusarium spp., Pythium irregulare, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum were frequently isolated from infected roots and stem bases as well as from seeds of bean and pea. Fusarium oxysporum tuned out to be dominant. The proportion of the above listed fungi in the treatments with Biosept 33 SL or Polyversum was smaller than in the control. At the same time, the role of those fungi in infecting the plants of common bean, runner bean and pea treated with Biosept 33 SL was only a little smaller than after using Polyversum.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1. Angioni A., Cabras P., Hallewin G., Pirisi F. M., Schirra M. 1998. Synthesis and inhibitory activity of 7-geranoxycoumarin against Penicillium species in Citrus fruit. Phytochemistry 47: 1521–1525.
2. Benhamou N., Rey P., Picard K., Tirilly Y. 1999. Ultrastructural and cytochemical aspects of the interaction between the mycoparasite Pythium oliandrum and soilborne plant pathogens. Phytopathology 89: 506–517.
3. Gołębniak B., Jarosz A. 2003. Influence of selected plant extracts on Phytophthora cactorum. p. 55. In “Chitosan and Other Compounds in the Control of Plant Diseases” (L.B. Orlikowski, Cz. Skrzypczak, eds.). Res. Instit. Pomol. Floriculture, Skierniewice.
4. Łacicowa B., Pięta D. 1998. Evaluation of spring barley ( Horedum vulgare L.) varieties in the field infested with pathogens of the stem and root diseases. Annals Agric. Sci. – Series E – Plant Protection 27 (1/2): 17–25.
5. Oktaba W. 1987. Metody Statystyki Matematycznej w Doświadczalnictwie. PWN, Warszawa, 448 pp.
6. Orlikowski L.B. 2001a. Oddziaływanie wyciągu z grejpfruta na niektóre patogeny glebowe. XLI Sesja Naukowa Instytutu Ochrony Roślin – Poznań, 8–9 luty 2001, Streszczenia, p. 44.
7. Orlikowski L.B. 2001b. Effect of grapefruit extract on development of Phytophthora cryptogea and control of foot rot of gerbera. J. Plant Protection Res., 41: 288–294.
8. Orlikowski L.B., Jaworska-Marosz A. 2002. Infulence of Pythium oliandrum on population of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi and development of Fusarium wilt of carnation. Plant Prot. Sci. 38, (Special Issue 1): 209–211.
9. Orlikowski L.B., Skrzypczak Cz. 2001. Biopreparat z wyciągu z grejpfruta – postęp w biologicznej ochronie roślin przed chorobami. Annales UMCS, EEE, Horticultura, IX: 261–269.
10. Orlikowski L.B., Skrzypczak Cz. 2003. Biocides in the control of soil-borne and leaf pathogens. Hortic. Veget. Grow. 22: 426–433.
11. Orlikowski L.B., Skrzypczak Cz. Wojdyła A., Jaworska-Marosz A. 2002. Wyciągi roślinne i mikroorganizmy w ochronie roślin przed chorobami. Zesz.Nauk. AR Kra. 387, 82: 19–32.
12. Patkowska E. 2005a. The effect of biopreparations on the healthiness of soybean cultivated in a growth chamber experiment. EJPAU, Horticulture 8 (4). http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volu....
13. Patkowska E. 2005b. The effect of Oxafun T on the healthiness of pea ( Pisum sativum L.) and on the formation of communities of rhizosphere microorganisms of this plant. Ecol. Chem. Eng. 12: 441–450.
14. Patkowska E., Pięta D. 2004. Introductory studies on the use of biopraparations and organic compounds for seed dressing of runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.). Folia Univ. Agric. Stetin., Agricultura 239, 95: 295–300.
15. Pięta D., Patkowska E. 2003. The role of antagonistic fungi and bacteria limiting the occurrence of some phytopathogens inhabiting the soybean soil environment. EJPAU, Horticulture 6 (2). http://www.ejpau.media.pl/seri....
16. Pięta D., Patkowska E., Pastucha A. 2004. Oddziaływanie biopreparatów na wzrost i rozwój niektórych grzybów chorobotwórczych dla roślin motylkowatych. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 3: 171–177.
17. Pięta D., Patkowska E., Pastucha A. 2005. Healthiness and yielding of Fabaceae plants after applying Biochikol 020 PC. Progress on Chemistry and Application of Chitin and Its Derivatives. Monograph. XI in press.
18. Sadowski Cz., Pańka D., Lenc L., Domoradzki M. 2005. Badania nad możliwością wykorzystania biopreparatów do otoczkowania ekologicznych nasion warzyw. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 45: 1055–1057.
19. Saniewska A. 2001. Możliwości wykorzystania biopreparatu Polyversum w ochronie astrów chińskich przed Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.callistephi Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 41: 798–801.
20. Saniewska A. 2002. Aktywność antygrzybowa endogennych flawonoidów grejpfruta ( Citrus paradisi ). Mat. Symp. Nauk. „Fitopatologia polska w Europie”. 17–19 września, Warszawa, p. 62.
21. Skrzypczak Cz. 2003. Pythium oligandrum in the control of Fusarium rot on tulip bulbs and gladiolus corms. p. 48. In “Chitosan and Other Compounds in the Control of Plant Diseases” (L.B. Orlikowski, Cz. Skrzypczak, eds.). Res. Instit. Pomol. Floriculture, Skierniewice.
22. Vesely D., Kocova L. 2001. Pythium oligandrum as the biological control agent the preparation of Polyversum. Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Biol. Sci. 49: 209–218.
23. Woedtke T., Schluter B., Pflegel P., Lindequist U., Julich W.D. 1999. Aspects of the antimicrobial efficacy of grapefruit seed extract and its selection to preservative substances contained. Pharmazie 54: 452–456.
24. Wojdyła A. 2001. Grapefruit extract activity in the control of rose powdery mildew and black spot. Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent 66/2 a: 167–177.
25. Wojdyła A. 2004a. Możliwość zastosowania środka Biospet 33 SL w ochronie niektórych gatunków roślin uprawianych w szkółkach przed chorobami. Mat. IX Ogólnopol. Konf. Szkółkarskiej „Miejsce polskiego szkółkarstwa w Unii Europejskiej”, 18–19 luty 2004, Skierniewice: 178–184.
26. Wojdyła A. 2004b. Wyciąg z grejpfruta w ochronie chryzantemy i wierzby przed rdzą. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 44: 1220–1224.
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345