ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effects of three Glomus species as biocontrol agents against verticillium-induced wilt in cotton
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Norouzi Kobra
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2009;49(2):185–189
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The objective of this investigation was to study the effects of three Glomus species: G. etunicatum, G. intraradices and G. versiforme on the development of verticillium wilt in cotton plants. Results indicated that the influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a biocontrol agents were different among three Glomus species. In diseased cotton plants colonized by G. etunicatum, the disease index was lower than others and also, higher colonization percentage was relevant to these plants. On the other hand, the establishment of mycorrhizal symbiosis and development of structure of AMF were reduced when both symbiotic and pathogenic fungi infected the same root. In addition, the symptoms of veticillium wilt were diminished too. These results revealed that the beneficial effects of mycorrhizacould alleviate the pathogenic effects of V. dahliae and also a competitive interaction existed between these pathogenic and symbiont fungi
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Adams S.S., Rouse D.I., Bowden R.L. 1987. Performance of alternative version of POTWIL: a computer model that simulates the seasonal growth of verticillium-infected potato. Am. J. Potato Res. 64, p. 429 (Abstract).
 
2.
Allen M.F., Moore T.S., Christensen M. 1982. Phytohormone changes in Bouteolua gracilis infected by vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza. II Altered levels of gibberellin-like substances and abscisic acid in the host plant. Can. J. Bot. 60: 468–471.
 
3.
Auge R.M. 2001. Water relation, drought and VA mycorrhizal simbiosis.Mycorrhiza 11: 3–42.
 
4.
Azcón-Aguilar C., Barea J.M. 1997. Applying mycorrhiza biotechnology to horticulture: significance and potential. Sci. Hortic.-Amsterdam 68: 1–24.
 
5.
Azcón-Aguilar C., Jaizme-Vega M.C., Calvet C. 2002. The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to the control of soilborne plant pathogens. p. 187–197. In: “Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture: From Genes to Bioproducts” (S. Gianinazzi, H. Schuepp, K. Aselwandter, J.M. Barea, eds.). Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Boston, Berlin.
 
6.
Baath E., Hayman D.S. 1983. Plant-growth responses to vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza: interactions with verticillium wilt on tomato plants. New Phytol. 95: 419–426.
 
7.
Cordier C., Pozo M.J., Barea J.M., Gianinazzi S., Gianinazzi-Pearson V. 1998. Cell defense responses associated with localized and systemic resistance to Phytophthora induced in tomato by an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Mol. PlantMicrobe Interact.11: 1017–1028.
 
8.
Dugassa G.D., Von Alten H., Schönbeck F. 1996. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) on health of Linum usitatissimum L., infected by fungal pathogens. Plant and Soil 185: 173–182.
 
9.
Dumas-Gaudot E., Gollotte A., Cordier C., Gianinazzi S., Gianinazzi-Pearson V. 2000. Modulation of host defense systems. p. 173–200. In: “Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function” (Y. Kapulnik, Y. D.D. Douds Jr, eds.) Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Eldon S., Hillocks R.J. 1996. The effect of reduced phytoalexin production on the resistance of upland cotton to verticillium and Fusarium wilts. Ann. Appl. Biol.129: 217–225.
 
10.
Garmendia I., Goicoechea N., Aguirreolea J. 2004a. Antioxidant metabolism in asymptomatic leaves of verticillium-infected pepper associated with an Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus. Phytopathology 152: 593–599.
 
11.
Garmendia I., Goicechea N., Aguirreolea J. 2004b. Plant phenology influences the effect of mycorrhizal fungi on the development of verticillium-induced wilt in pepper. Eur. J.Plant Pathol. 110: 227–238.
 
12.
Garmendia I., Goicoechea N., Aguirreolea J. 2005. Moderate drought influences the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as biocontrol agents against verticillium-induced wilt in pepper. Mycorrhiza 15: 345–356.
 
13.
Garmendia I., Aguirreolea J., Goicoechea N. 2006. Defence-realted enzymes in pepper roots during interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and/or Verticillium dahliae. Biocontrol 51: 293–310.
 
14.
Goicoechea N., Aguirreolea J., Garcia-Mina J.M. 2004. Alleviation of verticillium wilt in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) by using the organic amendment COA H of natural origin. Sci. Hortic.-Am. 101: 23–37.
 
15.
Habte M., Zhang Y.C., Schmitt D.P. 1999. Effectiveness of Globus species in protecting white clover against nematode damage. Can. J. Bot. 77: 135–139.
 
16.
Huang J., Li H., Yuan H. 2006. Effect of organic amendments on verticillium wilt of cotton. Crop Protect. 25: 1167–1173.
 
17.
Hayman D.S., Barea J.M., Azcón R. 1976. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in southern Spain: its distribution in crops growing in soil of different fertility. Phytopathol. Mediter. 15: 1–6.
 
18.
Lorenzini G., Guidi L., Nali C., Ciompi S., Soldatini G.F. 1997. Photosynthetic response of tomato plants to vascular wilt diseases. Plant Sci. 124:143–152.
 
19.
Mathre D.E. 1968. Photosynthetic activities of cotton plants infected with Verticillium albo-atrum. Phytopathology 58: 137–141.
 
20.
Morandi D., Bailey J.A., Gianinazzi-Person V. 1984. Isoflavonoid accumulation in soybean roots infected with vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Physiol. Plant Pathol.24: 357–364.
 
21.
Norman J.R., Atkinson D., Hooker J.E. 1996. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal-induced alteration to root architecture in strawberry and induced resistance to the root pathogen Phytophthora fragariae.Plant and Soil 185: 191–198.
 
22.
Phillips J., Hayman D. 1970. Improved procedures for cleaning roots & staining parasitic and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 55: 158–161.
 
23.
Samadi S. 2007. Determination of genetical distance in 12 cultivars of Lallemantia iberica(Bieb.) Fisch. & Mey. Based on chemotaxonomy of seeds and plant’s morphological characteristic., M.Sc. Thesis, Urmia University, Iran, 104 pp.
 
24.
Schnathorst WC. 1981. Life cycle and epidemiology of verticillium. p. 81–111. In: “Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants” (M.E. Mace, A.A. Bell, C.H. Beckman, eds.). Academic Press, New York, NY, USA.
 
25.
Schnathorst W.C., Mathre D.E. 1966. Cross protection in cotton with strains of Verticillium albo-atrum. Phytopathology56: 1024–1029.
 
26.
Smith S.E., Read D.J. 1997. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. 2nd ed. London. Academic Press, San Diego, California 92101-4495, USA, 605 pp.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345