ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Estimation of the dietary exposure to pesticide residues in Polish crops in 2006
 
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Institute of Plant Protection Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anna Nowacka
Institute of Plant Protection Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2007;47(4):469–476
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ABSTRACT
The most important factors influencing the human development and health condition are nutrition habits. The quality of food including first of all health safety as well as usable attributes of products often decides about the consumer choice. Safe food should be characterized by both, adequate nutritive value and the tolerably low content of substances which presence could be a risk and threat for health, e.g. pesticide residues. The aim of the study was to estimate long-term and short-term intake of pesticide residues in Polish fruit and vegetables in 2006. The estimation of dietary exposure was based on pesticide residue data from official control of domestic crops carried out by Institute of Plant Protection and on British food consumption data.The estimated dietary intake has shown the chronic dietary exposure of consumers to the pesticide residues in 2006 in Polish crops was relatively low. For fourteen pesticide residues found in apples the long-term intake did not exceed for adult 1.4% and for toddlers 7.6% of the ADI calculated for each compound and respectively 5.1% and 28.3% of the ADI for all compounds total. For eleven residues found in black currants the data were respectively for adult 1.1% and for toddlers 3.3% of the ADI calculated for each compound and 3.3% and 10.3% of the ADI for all compounds total. The long-term exposure values for other 29 commodities were much lower than those for black currant. An acute dietary exposure was estimated for residues of endosulfan in black currants, fenhexamid in raspberries and captan in sour cherries. An acute dietary exposure did not exceed 18.9% for adults and for toddlers 43.2% of the ARfD.The results show that Polish fruit and vegetables are safe in long- as well as in short-term nutrition.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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