Evaluation of systemic effects of four plant extracts compared with two systemic pesticides, acetamiprid and pirimicarb through leaf spraying against Brevicoryne brassicae L. (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
Kamal Ahmadi 1  
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Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Online publish date: 2018-10-18
Submission date: 2018-01-24
Acceptance date: 2018-05-14
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3)
Aphids are one of the most important economic pests and vectors of viral diseases in crops. Brevicoryne brassicae L., one of the most serious aphid pests in Brassicaceae, if not controlled, often reaches very high densities. The present study compared the systemic effects of ethanolic, methanolic and aqueous Melia azedarach L., Peganum harmala L., Calendula officinalis L. and Otostegia persica Boissier extracts with two systemic pesticides, acetamiprid and pirimicarb (at the maximum label-recommended rate). Population growth percentages of B. brassicae through leaf spraying under greenhouse conditions were assessed. The chemicals were sprayed on one of the leaves in greenhouse condition. The results indicated that all the plant extracts have systemic effects at different levels. Among different extracts, O. persica ethanolic extract, P. harmala methanolic extract and M. azedarach aqueous extract resulted in a reduction of the B. brassicae population.
Kamal Ahmadi   
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, 12345 Kerman, Iran
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