Field application of Clethodim herbicide combined with Trichoderma spp. for controlling weeds, root knot nematodes and Rhizoctonia root rot disease in two faba bean cultivars
Mahmoud A. T. El-Dabaa 1, A-B,E-F  
Hassan Abd-El-Khair 2, A,C-E
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Botany Department, Weed Biology and Control, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Plant Pathology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Nematology Laboratory, Plant Pathology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Mahmoud A. T. El-Dabaa   

Botany Department, Weed Biology and Control, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Online publish date: 2019-07-18
Submission date: 2018-10-01
Acceptance date: 2019-06-26
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(2):255–264
Clethodim herbicide (Cle) and three Trichoderma strains (Tri) were applied either alone or in combination (Cle + Tri) for controlling weeds, root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne arenaria) and Rhizoctonia root rot disease (Rhizoctonia solani) as well as for evaluating their effects on total microbial count in the rhizosphere and the number of Rhizobium nodules on roots in two faba bean cultivars cultivated in naturally heavily infested fields. The evaluated characters were very similar for the two tested cultivars (Nubariya 1 and Sakha 3). Treatment with Cle alone highly reduced the fresh and dry matter of tested weeds (Amaranthus viridis, Cynodon dactylon and Cenchrus ciliaris), followed by Cle + Tri and Tri alone. Cle + Tri highly reduced nematode parameters viz. numbers of J2 in soil or roots, females, eggs, galls and egg-masses when compared with each treatment alone. Tri alone caused a great decrease in Rhizoctonia root rot infection, followed by Cle + Tri and Cle alone. Total microbial count and Rhizobium nodules were affected only with Cle treatment. Plant growth parameters (shoot length, shoot fresh and dry weight and numbers of branches and leaves) and yield parameters (fresh pod and dry weight, seed number per pod, seed weight and ash pod weight of plant) were greatly improved for Cle + Tri treatments when compared with either Tri or Cle alone.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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