RAPID COMMUNICATION
First report of Fusarium solani causing stem rot of Dracaena in Iran
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Buali Sina University, 6517838718 Hamedan, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Doustmorad Zafari
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Buali Sina University, 6517838718 Hamedan, Iran
Submission date: 2015-10-15
Acceptance date: 2016-02-26
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2016;56(1):100–103
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
In July 2013, symptoms of stem rot were observed in the Dracaena sanderiana cuttings in greenhouses of Mahallat County, Markazi Province, Iran. The symptoms first appeared as severe wilting. Later, leaves became brown and necrotic. Symptoms on the cuttings were observed as rotted areas on the middle of the stems. The cortical tissues of the plants showed a distinct brown discoloration. Eventually, the infected plants died. The pathogen was isolated from Dracaena stems and identified as F. solani by a fragment of the translation elongation factor 1-alpha (EF-1α) gene. Fusarium solani was confirmed by a pathogenicity test, and the causal agent was reisolated from infected D. sanderiana plants. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of stem rot caused by F. solani on the cuttings of D. sanderiana.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (11)
1.
Abbasi M., Aliabadi F. 2008. First report of stem rot of Dracaena caused by Aspergillus niger in Iran. Plant Health Progress. DOI: 10.1094/PHP-2008-0212-01-BR. Available on: http://www.plantmanagementnetw... [Accessed: February 10, 2015].
 
2.
Baka Z.A.M., Krzywinski K. 1996. Fungi associated with leaf spots of Dracaena ombet (Kotschy and Peyr). Microbiological Research 151 (1): 49–56.
 
3.
Bobev S.G., Castlebury L.A., Rossman A.Y. 2008. First report of Colletotrichum dracaenophilum on Dracaena sanderiana in Bulgaria. Plant Disease 92 (1): 173.
 
4.
Choi H.S., Mun H.Y., Lee H.B. 2008. First report of stem rot on red-edged dracaena (Dracaena marginata) caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Korea. The Plant Pathology Journal 20 (1): 93.
 
5.
Geiser D.M., Jiménez-Gasco M.M., Kang S., Makalowska I., Veeraraghavan N., Ward T.J., Zhang N., Kuldau G.A., O’Donnell K. 2004. FUSARIUM-ID v. 1.0: A DNA sequence database for identifying Fusarium. European Journal of Plant Pathology 110 (5): 473–479.
 
6.
Grewal H.S., Rajvir K., Arora J.S. 1999. Effect of growth regulators on shoot and root formation in Dracaena. Indian Journal of Horticulture 56 (4): 375–381.
 
7.
Nelson P.E., Toussoun T.A., Marasas W.F.O. 1983. Fusarium Species: An Illustrated Manual for Identification. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA, USA, 206 pp.
 
8.
Nicholson P., Rezanoor H.N., Simpson D.R., Joyce D. 1997. Differentiation and quantification of the cereal eyespot fungi Tapesia yallundae and Tapesia acuformis using a PCR assay. Plant Pathology 46 (6): 842–856.
 
9.
Santos Á.F. dos, Inácio C.A., Guedes M.V., Tomaz R. 2012. First report of Thielaviopsis paradoxa causing stem rot in Dracaena marginata in Brazil. Summa Phytopathologica, Botucatu 38 (4): 345–346.
 
10.
Thongkantha S., Lumyong S., McKenzie E.H.C, Hyde K.D. 2008. Fungal saprobes and pathogens occurring on tissues of Dracaena lourieri and Pandanus spp. in Thailand. Fungal Diversity 30: 149–169.
 
11.
Zaher E.A., Hilal A.A., Ibrahim I.A.M., Mohamed N.T. 2005. Leaf spots of ornamental foliage plants in Egypt with special reference to Corynespora cassiicola [(Berk. & Curt.)Wei] as a new causal. Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology 33 (1): 87–103.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345