Formulation of the endophytic fungus Cladosporium oxysporum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, isolated from Euphorbia bupleuroides subsp. luteola, as a new biocontrol tool against the black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.)
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Laboratory of Improvement of the Phytosanitary Protection Techniques in Mountainous Agrosystems, Agronomy Department, ISVSA, University Hadj Lakhdar, Batna 05000, Algeria
Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, University Ferhat Abbas Sétif 1, 19000, Algeria
Oussama Ali Bensaci
Laboratory of Improvement of the Phytosanitary Protection Techniques in Mountainous Agrosystems, Agronomy Department, ISVSA, University Hadj Lakhdar, Batna 05000, Algeria
Submission date: 2014-07-16
Acceptance date: 2015-02-16
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(1):80–87
Two formulations containing culture filtrates and conidial suspensions of the endophytic fungus Cladosporium oxysporum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, isolated previously from stems of Euphorbia bupleuroides subsp. luteola (Kralik) Maire, were experimentally tested for their aphicid activity against the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scop. found in Algeria. It was shown that invert emulsions are more effective against aphids, than using aqueous suspensions. This was especially true for formulations containing culture filtrates. The relatively insignificant mortalities obtained by formulations containing conidial suspensions indicated a low infectious potential towards the aphids. The proteolytic activity seemed to be more important than the chitinolytic activity of the fungus against the black bean aphid A. fabae.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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