ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici - the cause of Fusarium crown and root rot in tomato cultivation
 
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Department of Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology of Vegetable Plants Research Institute of Horticulture Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Wojciech Szczechura
Department of Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology of Vegetable Plants Research Institute of Horticulture Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
Submission date: 2013-01-22
Acceptance date: 2013-04-04
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2013;53(2):172–176
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ABSTRACT
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici (FORL) leading to fusarium crown and root rot is one of the most destructive soilborne diseases of tomatoes occurring in greenhouse and field crops. Physiological races of FORL were not defined but nine vegetative compatibility groups (VGCs) were identified. Infection followed by wounds and natural holes and infection is not systemic. The optimum soil temperature for pathogen development is 18°C. Infection may cause plants to wilt and die completely or infection may lower fruit quality. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici has the ability to produce a specific enzyme, tomatinase, which breaks down α-tomatine and protects the pathogen. In contrast tomato also has a defence system which consists of the enzymes chitinase and β-1, 3-glucanase. Tomato resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici is determined by a single dominant gene Frl, localized on the long arm of chromosome 9. It was introduced to cultivars from Licopersicum peruvianum (L.) Mill.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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