Impact of strains of entomopathogenic fungi on some main groups of soil microorganisms
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Plant Protection Institute, 35 Panajot Volov Str., 2230 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria
Institute of Soil Science “N. Pushkarov”, 7 Shosse Bankya Str., 1080 Sofia
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2008;48(2):169–179
The influence of entomopathogenic fungal strains – one Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorok. and seven Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. on some main groups of soil microorganisms was studied after introduction of their conidia into the soil. The soil samples were analyzed for densities of bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi by decimal dilutions of soil suspensions grown on selective media. The presence of conidia of fungal strains in the soil after a month from introduction was proved by bait method. Three of the strains of B. bassiana were established to be of the highest persistence, this being expressed by mortality of Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) larvae from 70% to 90%, followed by strains 224Re of B. bassiana and 31 of M. anisopliae. The obtained results showed that examined strains of the entomopathogenic fungi manifested different in manner and varying in degrees of impact on density of the main groups of soil microorganisms. Relatively insignificant changes were established under the influence of the strains 224Re B. bassiana and 31 M. anisopliae. The other strains of B. bassiana caused alterations in microbial balance expressed in different manner – stimulation or suppression on density of free-living nitrogen-fixing microorganisms, mineral nitrogen utilizing bacteria, spore-forming bacteria, cellulose degrading microorganisms, actinomycetes, soil fungi. So each strain could be characterized by specific impact on examined groups of soil microorganisms. The strain 412 of B. bassiana showed the most strongly manifested stimulation effect on the heterotrophic microorganisms, on the mineral nitrogen utilizing bacteria, on the free-living nitrogen-fixing microorganisms and the soil fungi – 14, 15, 7 and 30 times higher density of the microorganisms compared to the control treatments. The same strain caused high degree of suppression on densities of cellulose degrading microorganisms – 0.0064 x 106 compared to 0.0305 x 106 CFU/g in the control treatment. Densities of the soil spore-forming bacteria were not affected by the examined strains of B. bassiana and M. anisopliae. In the conducted experiments it has been established that the manifested impact on actinomycetes density by strains of the entomopathogenic fungi B. bassiana and M. anisopliae was different in manner and varying in degrees, on the contrary to the stimulation influence on density of the soil fungi.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Slavimira Draganova
Plant Protection Institute, 35 Panajot Volov Str., 2230 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria
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