Monitoring and possibilities of controlling nematodes and fruit damaging pests of Rosa spp. with microbial-derived products
Eligio Malusa 1, A-F  
,   Malgorzata Tartanus 1, A-C,E-F,   Grażyna Soika 1, A,C,E-F
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Department of Plant Protection Against Pests, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Eligio Malusa   

Department of Plant Protection Against Pests, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
Submission date: 2019-02-15
Acceptance date: 2019-09-11
Online publication date: 2019-10-15
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(3):334–340
Interest in growing roses in Poland is related to the production of cut flowers as ornamentals and of petals and hips for cosmetics or food products. However, recently there has been an increasing number of reports of pest damage on rose plantations. In the case of fruits the damage has been attributed to flies (Rhagoletis alternata) or moths (Cydia tenebrosana), while nematodes have been implicated for growth reduction even on plantations grown under soil-less conditions. Field trials and laboratory experiments to test the possibility of controlling R. alternata larvae or pupae with entomopathogenic fungi and nematodes resulted in a lack of parasitism. On the other hand, the use of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki or Cydia pomonella granulovirus effectively controlled C. tenebrosana. Meloidogyne incognita infestation of roses growing on rock wool substrate was drastically reduced by Arthrobothrys oligospora or abamectin. Factors such as the method of product application or pest susceptibility to the used microbial-based products accounted for the observed differences in efficacy.
The research was partly funded by a grant from the Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on novel methods of protecting fruit crops in organic farming, with particular emphasis on growing berry plants.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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