ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Parasitoid complex of cabbage large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) in Urmia with new records from Iran
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, West Azerbaijan Province, P.O. Box 165, Iran
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2011;51(3):248–251
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Surveys for parasitoids attacking larvae and pupae of Pieris brassicae (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) were conducted in the Brassica agro-ecosystem in the Urmia region, northwest of Iran, between 2008 and 2009. Parasitized hosts were collected from infested plants placed in Brassica crops during the growing season (June-October), and from the natural P. brassicae population on the common weeds Capparis spinosa L. (Capparaceae), Crambe orientalis L. (Brassicaceae) and Raphanus raphanistrum L. (Brassicaceae) during the summer production break (December). Ten species of primary parasitoids – Cotesia glomerata (L.) (Hym., Braconidae), Brachymeria femorata Panzer (Hym.: Chalcididae), Aprostocetus taxi Graham (Hym.: Eulophidae), Agrothereutes adustus Grav., Blapsidotes vicinus Grav., Hyposoter clauses Brischke (Hym.: Ichneumonidae), Pteromalus puparum (L.) (Hym.: Pteromalidae) and Exorista larvarum (L.), Ex- orista segregata Rondan, Phryxe vulgaris Fallén (Dip.: Tachinidae) were identified. The most numerous were P. puparum (with 49.65% in 2008 and 46.13% in 2009) and C. glomerata (with 43.45% and 45.57% in 2008 and 2009, respectively). The following species: A. adustus , A. taxi , B. vicinus , B. femorata , H. clauses and P. vulgaris, were newly recorded for the Iranian fauna. With the exception of B. femorata and P. vulgaris , all of the above mentioned species were recorded for the first time as parasitoid on P. brassicae from Iran.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST:
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Mehdi Razmi
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, West Azerbaijan Province, P.O. Box 165, Iran
 
REFERENCES (20):
1. Aliyev A.A.O. 1999. Fauna of the Subfamily Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) of Azerbaijan with new records. Tr. J. Zool.23 (1): 1–12.
2. Balevski N., Draganov H., Velichkova-Kojuharova M., Draganova S. 2007. Beneficial organisms (entomopathogens and entomophagous) on pests in the biocoenoses of cabbage in Bulgaria. Plant Sci. 44 (3): 230–235.
3. Bhat D.M., Bhaga R.C. 2009. Natural parasitism of Pieris rapae (L.) and Pontia daplidice (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) on cruciferous crops in Kashmir valley (India). American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 5 (4): 590–591.
4. Bochev N., Georgiev G. 1996. New parasitoids on the pine sawfly (Diprion Pini L., Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) in Bulgaria. Forest Sci. 2: 80–82. (in Bulgarian, English Summary).
5. Cankov G. 1968. Beitrag über die artenanteile und die verbreitung der insekten von der familie icneumonidae (Hymenoptera) in Bulgarien. Bull. Inst. Zool. et Mus. 28: 219–230. (in Bulgarian, German Summary).
6. DeBach P. 1974. Biological Control by Natural Enemies. Cambridge University Press, 323 pp.
7. DeBach P., Schlinger E.I. 1964. Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds. Chapman and Hall, London, 844 pp.
8. Georgiev G.,Bochev N.1996. Bioecological features of parasitoids on the pine sawfly (Diprion piniL., Hymenoptera: Diprionidae). Forestry Ideas 2: 86–92. (in Bulgarian, English Summary).
9. Hardin M.R., Benrey B., Coll M., Lamp W.O., Roderick G.K., Barbosa P. 1995. Arthropod pest resurgence: an overview of potential mechanisms. Crop Protect.14 (1): 3–18.
10. Harvey J.A., Gols R., Wagenaar R., Bezemer T.M. 2007. Development of an insect herbivore and its pupal parasitoid reflect differences in direct plant defense. J. Chem. Ecol. 33 (8): 1556–1569.
11. Heinrich G.1936. Die von mir in Bulgarien gesammelten Ichneumoninae und Cryptinae (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Mitt. Kgl. Naturwiss. Inst. Sofia 9 (2): 81–88.
12. Hill D.S. 1987. Agricultural Insect Pests of Temperate Regions and their Control. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 659 pp.
13. Patriche (Costea) G., Andriescu I., MustaţǎG. 2005. The hyperparasitoid complex which limits the action of the primary parasitoids of the Pieridae species (Insecta: Lepidoptera), defoliators in cabbage crops. Biologie Animală LI: 23–29.
14. Pfiffner L., Luka H., Schlatter C., Juen A., Traugott M. 2009. Impact of wildflower strips on biological control of cabbage lepidopterans. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 129 (1–3): 310–314.
15. Pschorn-Walcher H. 1982. Unterordnung symphyta, pflanzenwespen. p. 4–196. In: “Die Forstschädlinge Europas” (W. Schwenke, ed.). 4. Band, Haurflügler und Zweiflügler. Paul Parey, Hamburg and Berlin, 392 pp.
16. Quicke D.L.J. 1997. Parasitic Wasps. Chapman and Hall, London, 470 pp.
17. Shaw M.R., Stefanescu C., van Nouhuys S. 2009. Parasitoids of European butterflies. p. 130–156. In: “Ecology of Butterflies in Europe” (J. Settele, T. Shreeve, M. Konvička, H. van Dyck, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 526 pp.
18. Takagi M. 1985. The reproductive strategy of the gregarious parasitoid, Pteromalus puparum (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Oecologia 68 (1): 1–6.
19. Takagi M. 1986. The reproductive strategy of the gregarious parasitoid, Pteromalus puparum (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), 2. Host size discrimination and regulation of the number and sex ratio of progeny in a single host. Oecologia 70 (3): 321–325.
20. Zhu J., Ye G., Hu C. 2008. Morphology and ultrastructure of the venom apparatus in the endoparasitic wasp Pteromalus puparum(Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Micron 39 (7): 926–933.
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345