REVIEW
Pest Risk Analysis on Xylella fastidiosa in Morocco
 
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1
National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA-Morocco), Regional Center of Kénitra, Laboratory of Virology, Rue Abou Temmam, Kénitra, Morocco
2
Isituto Valenciano di Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA), Plant Protection and Biotechnology Centre, Moncada, Spain
3
Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante, UOS Bari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Bari, Italy
4
Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéenes, Itituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (CIHEAM/MAIB), Valenzano (BA), Italy
Online publish date: 2018-10-04
Submission date: 2018-04-11
Acceptance date: 2018-08-24
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3):215–219
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TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Morocco is basically an agricultural country; almost 40% of the workforce is employed in this sector. Xylella fastidiosa is a xylem-inhabiting pathogen which can infect more than 300 plant species, although most host species are symptomless. Until relatively recently, X. fastidiosa was primarily limited to North and South America, but in 2013 a widespread epidemic of olive quick decline syndrome caused by this fastidious pathogen appeared in southeastern Italy, and later several cases of X. fastidiosa outbreaks have been reported in other European countries (France, Germany and Spain). Following these recently confirmed findings of X. fastidiosa in the European Union, this bacterium has become a serious threat to the Moroccan flora. The national phytosanitary authorities have adopted several measures to prevent the introduction of X. fastidiosa into the national territory by deciding, inter alia, to suspend importation of host plant species to the bacterium from infected areas. This paper presents the phytosanitary risk of this bacterium in Morocco.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Mohamed Afechtal   
National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA-Morocco), Regional Center of Kénitra, Laboratory of Virology, Rue Abou Temmam, P.B. 257 Kénitra, Morocco., 14 rue Abou Temmam, B.P. 257, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco
 
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