Possibilities of root and stem base diseases limitation in continuous wheat under conventional tillage and no-tillage system
More details
Hide details
Agricultural University, Department of Soil Management and Plant Cultivation Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
Danuta Parylak
Agricultural University, Department of Soil Management and Plant Cultivation Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2004;44(2):141–146
A 3-year field experiment was conducted to study the effect of seed treatment (Raxil 060 FS and Raxil 060 FS+Latitude 125 FS) and plowing down stubble crop (white mustard) on wheat infestation by root and stem base diseases. Wheat was growninthe same field for two consecutive years with two tillage systems: conventional and no-tillage. The occurrence of root and stem base diseases was significantly reduced due to additional seed treatment with Latitude 125 FS (siltiofam). This suggested the presence of Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc.) Arx et Olivier in disease complex. The occurrence of infection was reduced to a lesser extent by soil tillage and plowing down stubble crop. These additional agronomic practices resulted in significant grain yield increase of wheat, on the average 13.8% after seed treatment with Raxil 060 FS + Latitude 125 FS, and 8.3% after plowing down white mustard. Grain yield and thousand grain weight of winter wheat were strongly negatively correlated with a degree of stem infestation, but they were not significantly dependent on root infestation. This indicated on a significant role of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides [Fron.] Deighton in pathogenesis. Effectiveness of both regenerative practices was slightly lower under no-tillage than under conventional tillage treatment with plough.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Beale R.E., Philion D.P., Headrick J.M., O’Reilly P., Cox J. 1998. MON65500: A unique fungicide for control of take-all in wheat. The BCPC Conference – Pest & Diseases 5A-4: 343–350.
Colbach N., Huet P. 1995. Modeling the frequency and severity of root and foot diseases in winter wheat monocultures. Eur. J. Agron., 4 (2): 217–227.
Kreuz E., Engelhardt K. 1992. Wirkungen pflugloser Bodenbearbeitung in Verbindung mit Knaulgras-Zwischenfrucht in Dreifelder - Fruchtfolgenauf denBefall von Winterweizen und Wintergerste durch Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides Fron (Deighton ). Arch. Phytopath. Plant Protect., 28 (1): 43–50.
Maillard A., Vez A. 1993. Resultats d’un essai de culture sans labour depuis plus de 20 ans a Changins: I. Rendement des cultures, maladies et ravageurs. Revue Suisse d’Agriculture 25 (6): 327–336.
McLeod J.G., Campbell C.A., Dyck F.B., Vera C.L. 1992. Optimum seeding date for winter wheat insouthwestern Saskatchewan. Agronomy J., 84 (1): 86–90.
Murdock L., Herbek J., Martin J., James J., Call D. 2000. Yield potential and long-term effects of no tillage on wheat production. Kentucky Small Grain Growers Association.
Parylak D., Kordas L. 2002. Efektywność zaprawy nasiennej Latitude 125 FS w ochronie pszenicy ozimej uprawianej po sobie. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 42 (2): 844–846.
Sieling K., Hanus H. 1992. Yield of winter wheat influenced by the interactions between crop management measures and take-all. Eur. J. Agron., 1 (3): 201–206.
Spink J.H.,Wade A.P., Paveley N.D., Griffin J.M., Scott R.K., Foulkes M.J. 1998. The effects of novel seed treatment, MON 65500, on take-all severity and crop growth in winter wheat. The BCPC Conference – Pest & Diseases 3: 913–920.
Townsend G.R., Heuberger J.W. 1943. Methods for estimating losses caused by diseases in fungicide experiments. Pl. Dis. Rep., 27: 340–343.
Weber Z. 2002. Wpływ przedplonu i chemicznego zaprawiania ziarna na występowanie zgorzeli podstawy źdźbła pszenicy ozimej (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici). Acta Agrobot., 55 (1): 359–365.
Wojciechowski W. 1998. Międzyplony ścierniskowe jako czynnik zapobiegający negatywnym skutkom wysycenia struktury zasiewów zbożami. Post. Nauk Rol., 5: 29–36.