Study on biology of onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on cucumber (var. sultan) in laboratory conditions
More details
Hide details
Department of Plant Protection, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources , University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. 31587-11167 P.O.Box 4111
Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, 268 Kaixuan Road, Hangzhou 310029, China
Central Agricultural Office, Directorate for Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-Environment, Central Laboratory for Pest Diagnosis, H-1118 Budapest, Budaörsi út 141-145, Hungary
Hamid-Reza Pourian
Department of Plant Protection, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources , University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. 31587-11167 P.O.Box 4111
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2009;49(4):390–394
Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), is a major pest of greenhouse crops in Iran. It is one of the major limiting factors affecting yield of cucumber.A study on the biology of this pest was carried out in laboratory condition (25±1°C, 70±5% RH and 16:8 h (L: D) photoperiod) on cucumber (var. Soltan) in 2007. This survey showed that T. tabaci completed the life cycle from 18 to 21 days. Duration of life cycle including egg, L1, L2, prepupa, pupa and adult was 2.82±1.33, 1.95±1.42, 4.12±0.92, 1.03±1.44, 1.97±0.91 and 14.4±3.13 days. Females could produce about 26.82±5.56 eggs. Thrips sex ratio progeny revealed no presence of males, since only females emerged. Knowledge on the biology of this insect pest would contribute to a better understanding of the relationships between the crop and the environment, and knowledge on this insect pest biology would allow establishing control strategies in a future integrated pest management program (IPM)
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Afshar J. 1938. Pest of summer crops, vegetables, industrial plants and forages in Iran and their control. General Office of Agriculture, Tehran. 124 pp. [In Persian].
Arrieche N., Paz R., Montagne M., Morales Y.J. 2006. Estudios biológicos de Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) en cebolla, en el Estado Lara, Venezuela (In English: Biological studies of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)from onion fields, Lara State, Venezuela). Bioagro 18 (3): 149–154.
Bagheri S., Mosaddegh M., Kamali K. 2002. Study on biology of Thrips tabaci in north of Khuzestan. Proc. of 15th Plant Protection Congress, Iran, p. 78.
Borror D. J. Triplehorn, C. A., Johnson N. F. 1989. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing, 875 pp.
Clausen C.P. (ed.) 1978. Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: A World Review. USDA, Agric. Handbook No. 480, 545 pp.
Ghabn A.E. 1948. Contribution to the knowledge of the biology of Thrips tabaci in Egypt. Bull. Soc. Fouad Entomol. 32: 123–174.
Karadjova O., Hristova D. 1998. Transmission of tomato spotted wilt virus by bulgarian population of Frankliniella occidentalis Perg. and Thrips tabaci Lind. p. 95–96 In: “Recent Progress in Tospovirus and Thrips Research” (D. Peters., R.W. Goldbach, eds). Proc. Fourth Intern. Symp. Tospovirus and thrips in floral and vegetable crops, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Legutowska H. 1997. Thrips on cabbage crops in Poland. Biul.Warzyw. XLVII: 55–62.
Lewis T. 1997. Pest thrips in perspective. p. 1–14. “Thrips as Crop Pests”( T. Lewis, ed.). CAB International, Wallingford, UK Lindorf M.B. 1932. Transmission of the pineaple yellow-spot virus by Thrips tabaci. Phytopathology 22: 301–324.
Lockwood S. 1956. Onion Thrips, Thrips tabaci. California Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. Loose-Leaf Manual of Insect Control: 739–749.
Lu P.M., Lee H.S. 1985. The life history and seasonal occurrence of onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman). J. Agric. Res. China 36 (1): 118–124.
Moritz G., Mound L. A., Morris D. C., Goldarazena A. 2004. Pest Thrips of the World-visual and molecular identification of pest thrips. Cd-rom published by CBIT Brisbane. CD. published for ACIAR by CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Mustafa T.M. 1986. Spatial distribution of onion thrips and cabbage aphid on and response to some cruciferous crop plants. Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 93: 271–277.
Nault B.A., Shelton A.M., Gangloff–Kaufmann J.L., Clark M.E., Werren J.L., Cabrera–La Rosa J.C., Kennedy G.G. 2006. Reproductive modes in onion thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) populations from New York onion fields. Environ. Entomol. 35: 1264–1271.
Parker B.L., Skinner M., Lewis T. 1995. Thrips Biology and Management. Plenum Press, New York, 636 pp.
Richter E., Hommes M., Krauthausen J.H., 1999. Investigations on the supervised control of Thrips tabaci in leek and onion crops. IOBC Bull. 22 (5): 61–72.
Sakimura K. 1963. Frankliniella fusca and additional vector for the tomato spotted wilt virus, with notes on Thrips tabaci, another vector. Phytopathology 53: 412–415.
SAS Institute Inc. 1985. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics version. 5th ed. Gary, NC. SAS Institute Inc.
Shelton A.M., North R.C. 1987. Injury and control of onion Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on edible podded peas. J. Econ. Ent. 80 (6): 1325–1350.
Shelton A.M., Wilsey W.T., Schmaedick M.A. 1998. Management of onion thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on cabbage by using plant resistance and insecticides. J. Econ. Entomol. 91: 329–333.
Theunissen J., Legutowska H. 1991. Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) in leek: within-plant distribution. J. Appl. Entomol. 112: 309–316.
Waterhouse D.F. 1987. Thrips tabaci Lindeman, Thysanoptera: Thripidae, onion thrips. In: “Biological Control: Pacific Prospects Supplement 1” (D.F. Waterhouse, K.R. Norris, eds.). Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia, 138 pp.
Yakhontov V.V. 1967. Order Thysanoptera (Physopodae). p. 1119–1155. In : “Bie-Bienko, Key to the Insects of the European USSR” (Translated by: Salkind), Academy of Science of the USSR, Zoological Institute printing and binding in Jaursalum, 1 209 pp.
Zawirska I. 1980. Studies on the tobacco thrips (Thrips tabaci Lind.) and it role in the transmission of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) on tobacco. Materialy 19. Sesji Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin: 267–278.
Zimmerman E.C. 1948. Thrips (Thrips) tabaci Lindeman. p. 422–425. In: “Insects of Hawaii. A Manual of the Insects of the Hawaiian Islands, Including Enumeration of the Species and Notes on the Origin, Distribution, Hosts, Parasites, etc. V. 2: Apterygota to Thysanoptera”. (H.V. Daly, K.N. Magnacca, eds.).
The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 475 pp.