Changes over the last ten years in the fauna structure of aphids inhabiting the vegetation of allotment gardens in Poznań
More details
Hide details
Department of Entomology and Environmental Protection, Poznań University of Life Science, Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
Department of Landscape Architecture, Poznań University of Life Science, Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań
Barbara Wilkaniec
Department of Entomology and Environmental Protection, Poznań University of Life Science, Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
Submission date: 2017-02-02
Acceptance date: 2017-12-12
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(1):58–65
The vegetation of allotment gardens is an important element of urban green areas and constitutes a habitat where many groups of insects exist, including aphids. This research involved the monitoring of winged morphs of aphids in allotment gardens in the area of Poznań with the use of Moericke traps. The fauna structure of aphids in two large allotment gardens was demonstrated by comparing the activity of winged morphs of aphids in 2000–2001 and 2014–2015. The vegetation of these gardens was accompanied by the rich fauna of aphids. For four growing seasons, 113 species or groups of aphid species were captured with the traps. Major changes were reported in the structure of the collected fauna in the period of time when the research was conducted. The differences concerned particular positions of collected species in aphid communities. The abundance of Anoecia corni, Aphis sambuci, Phorodon humuli and Periphyllus testudinaceus increased, and now hold the position of subdominants of the communities, whereas Myzus persicae and Hyalopterus pruni decreased in comparison with the situation more than ten years ago. Rhopalosiphum padi still remains an eudominant in the communities. The main reason for this phenomenon is thought to be due to changes in the vegetation composition of gardens because the gardens are being used differently. The production function has changed to recreation.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. 1994. Aphids on the World’s Trees. An Identification and Information Guide. CAB International, Wallingford, 986 pp.
Byrne L., Bruns M., Kim K. 2008. Ekosystem proporties of Urban land covers at the aboveground-belowground interface. Ecosystems 11 (7): 1065–1077. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021....
Cichocka E., Lubiarz M. 2003. Aphids colonizing cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.) trimmed hedges. Aphids and Other Hemipterous Insects 9: 37–43.
Colding J., Lundberg J., Folke C. 2006. Incorporating green area user groups in urban ecosystem management. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 35 (5): 237–244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1579/05-a-0....
Davidowitz G., Rosenzweig M.L 1998. The latitudinal gradient of species diversity among North American grasshoppers (Acrididae) within a single habitat: a test of the spatial heterogeneity hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography 25 (3): 553–560. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365....
Durak R., Wojciechowski W. 2008. Structure of dynamics of aphids communities connected with trees in selected forest associations. Polish Journal of Entomology 77 (2): 79–92.
Giedych R., Poniży L. 2013. Ogrody działkowe jako przedmiot polityki przestrzennej i ekologicznej miast na przykładzie Warszawy i Poznania. [Allotment gardens as an element of land use and ecology policy of the city on the example of Warsaw and Poznań]. p. 23–34. In: „Ogrody działkowe w miastach – bariera czy wartość?” [Gardens in Towns – Barrier or Chance?] (M. Kosmala, ed.). PZITS Toruń.
Heie O.E. 1982. The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark II. The family Drepanosiphidae. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 11: 1–176.
Heie O.E. 1986. The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark II. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 17: 1–314.
Heie O.E. 1982. The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark II. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 25: 1–189.
Heie O.E. 1982. The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark II. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 28: 1–239.
Heie O.E. 1982. The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark II. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 31: 1–217.
Halaj J., Ross D.W., Moldenke A.R. 2000. Importance of habitat structure to the arthropod food-web in Douglas-fir canopies. Oikos 90 (1): 139–152. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600....
Holmer R.J., Drescher A.W. 2005. Building food secure neighbourhoods: The role of allotment gardens. Multiple Functions of Urban Agriculture 15: 19–20.
Iha S., Vandermeer J.H. 2010. Impacts of coffee agroforestry management on tropical bee communities. Biological Conservation 143 (6): 1423–1431. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioc....
Mierzejewska L. 2001. Tereny zielone w strukturze przestrzennej Poznania. Wyd. PTPN, Poznań, 142 pp. (in Polish).
Romero-Alcaraz E., Avila J.M. 2000. Landscape heterogeneity in relation to variations in epigaeic beetle diversity of a Mediterranean ecosystem. Implication for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 9 (7): 985–1005.
Smith R., Warren P., Thompson K., Gaston K. 2006a. Urban domestic gardens (VI): Environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation 15 (8): 2415–2438. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-....
Smith R.M., Gaston K.J., Warren P.H., Thompson K. 2006b. Urban domestic gardens (VIII): environmental correlates of invertebrate abundance. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 2515–2545. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-....
Speak A.F., Mizgajski A., Borysiak J. 2015. Allotment Gardens and parks: Provision of ekosystem services with an emphasis on biodiversity. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening: 14 (4): 772–281. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug....
Spilkova J., Vagner J. 2016. The loss of land devoted to allotment gardening: The context of the contrasting pressures of urban planning, public and private interests in Prague, Czechia. Land Use Policy 52: 232–239. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.land....
Southwood T.R.E., Brown V.K., Reader P.M. 1979. The relationships of plant and insect diversities in succession. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 12 (4): 327–348. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095....
Szumilas H. 2014. Allotment gardens in former Eastern Bloc countries – a comparative study of spatial policy in Tallin and Warsaw. Horticulture and Landscape Architecture 35: 39–51.
Taylor L.R., Robert Y. 1984. A Handbook for Aphid Identification. Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, 171 pp.
Tscharntke T., Tylianakis J.M., Rand T.A., Didham R.K., Fahrig L., Batáry P., Bengtsson J., Clough Y., Crist T.O., Dormann C.F., Ewers R.M., Fründ J., Holt R.D., Holzschuh A., Klein A.M., Kleijn D., Kremen C., Landis D.A., Laurance W., Lindenmayer D., Scherber C., Sodhi N., Steffan-Dewenter I., Thies C., van der Putten W.H., Westphal C. 2012. Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes – eight hypotheses. Biological Reviews 87(3): 661–685. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469....
Van den Berg A.E., van Winsum-Westra M., De Vries S., van Dillen S.M.E. 2010. Allotment gardens and health: a comparative survey among allotments gardeners and their neighbors without an allotment. Environmental Health 9 (1): 74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-0....
Wilkaniec B., Borowiak-Sobkowiak B., Wilkaniec A., Trzciński P., Kozłowska M. 2016. Effect of climate change on seasonal flight activity of aphid males in urban area. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus 15 (2): 157–169.
Wilkaniec B., Wilkaniec A. 2013. The biology and ecology of Brachycaudus divaricatae (Shaposhnikov (Hemiptera, Aphidoidea) on Prunus cerasifera in Western Poland. J. Journal of Plant Protection Research 53 (1): 42–47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jppr-2....
Wilkaniec B., Borowiak-Sobkowiak B., Wilkaniec A., Kubasik W., Kozłowska M., Dolańska-Niedbała E. 2015. Aphid migrant activity in refuge habitats of the Wielkopolska agricultural landscape. Journal of Plant Protection Research 55 (1): 69–79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jppr-2....