Instructions for Authors
Manuscripts published in JPPR are free of charge.

Before submitting the manuscript the Authors must read very carefully Instruction for Authors and prepared manuscript according to them. Please read Ethical Standards as well.

JPPR publishes original research papers, short communications, critical reviews, and book reviews covering all areas of modern plant protection. Subjects include phytopathological virology, bacteriology, mycology and applied nematology and entomology as well as topics on protecting crop plants and stocks of crop products against diseases, viruses, weeds, etc. Submitted manuscripts should provide new facts or confirmatory data.

All manuscripts should be written in high-quality English. Non-English native authors should seek appropriate help from English-writing professionals before submission.

The day the manuscript reaches the editors for the first time is given upon publication as the date ‘received’ and the day the version, corrected by the authors is accepted by the reviewers, is given as the date ‘revised’. All papers are available free of charge at the Journal’s webpage (

Notice that each manuscript after submission is checked by anti-plagiarism iThenticate software. Manuscripts which have more than 30% of similarity will be rejected.

All authors must suggest three potential reviewers for their paper upon submission (please include institutional email addresses ONLY for all reviewers).
The suggested referees should:

(i) not be close collaborators of the authors(s)
(ii) not be located in the same institution as the author(s) and
(iii) not all be from the home country.

Avoid suggesting colleagues you have published with previously as this creates a potential conflict of interest. Do not suggest any Editor of this journal.

General information for preparing a manuscript
All text should be written in a concise and integrated way, by focusing on major points, findings, breakthrough or discoveries, and their broad significance. All running text should be in Times New Roman 12, 1.5 spacing with all margins 2.5 cm on all sides.

In final proof of the manuscript the corrections should have been made as below:

Should be:

Or should have been made in pdf file.

It is not allowed to send corrections made in Word file.

Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points (4–5) that convey the core findings of the article.

Highlights help increase the discoverability of your article via search engines. These bullet points should capture the novel results of your research as well as new methods that were used during the study (if any). Think of them as the "elevator pitch" of your article. Please include terms that you know your readers will be looking for online. Don't try to capture all ideas, concepts or conclusions as highlights are meant to be short: 85 characters or fewer, including spaces.

Highlights offer your paper a considerable advantage in the online world, as they ensure that search engines pick up your article and match it to the right audience. (Nowadays, machines read your work just as often as humans do!). Highlights have been proven to widen the reach of your work and help to ensure that your article is brought to the attention of interested colleagues, both inside and outside your usual research community. Apart from a wider distribution of your research, we hope that this will also lead to new collaborations and help accelerate the pace of science.

The small print
  • Not part of editorial consideration and aren't required until the final files stage
  • Only required for full research articles
  • Each Highlight can be no more than 85 characters, including spaces
  • No jargon, acronyms, or abbreviations: aim for a general audience and use keywords
  • Consider the reader - Highlights are the first thing they'll see
  • Manuscript submission

    Submit the manuscript electronically to the Editorial System on the journal website ( The manuscript should be submitted in the following separate files:

    Manuscript body including title, abstract, keywords, content/text of the article and the references.

    Tables (how to prepare see instructions below).

    Figures (how to prepare see instructions below).

    The authors must also remember to upload a scan of a completed License to Publish via the Editorial System. The Licence to Publish is available in Editorial System.

    The manuscript files should be blinded:
    The authors are fully responsible for the manuscript (also its revised versions and accompanying letter to reviewers) anonymization.
    – Names of authors, e-mail addresses and affiliations must be removed.
    – Don’t add any page headers or footers that would identify you.
    – Avoid, or try to minimize, any self-citation. If you have cited your own work, make sure you’ve
    referred to your own references in the third person, e.g. write “Kowalski et al. (2021) have
    shown”, not “We have previously shown (Kowalski et al. 2021)”
    – Remove all personal identifiers from your files such as MicrosoftTM Word® documents and other
    attachments (figures, tables).

    Name(s) of author(s) with affiliations footnoted added only to the system, not visible in the manuscript (Double Blind Reviews). The names of the authors should be given in the following order: first name, second name initial, surname. Affiliations should contain: name of institution, faculty, department, street, city with zip code, and country. For all Authors should also be providen their ORCID iD, identifier (

    Manuscript file layout

    Original article

    Original article should not exceed 25 000 characters (with spaces) - without tables and figures.

    The original research articles should contain the following sections:

    • Title – the title should be unambiguous, understandable to specialists in other fields, and must reflect the contents of the paper. No abbreviations may be used in the title.

    • Abstract – information given in the title does not need to be repeated in the abstract. The abstract should be no longer than 300 words. It must contain the aim of the study, methods, results and conclusions. If used, abbreviations should be limited and must be explained when first used.

    • Keywords – a maximum of 6, should cover the most specific terms found in the paper. They should describe the subject and results and must differ from words used in the title.

    • Introduction – a brief review of relevant research (with references to the most important and recent publications) should lead to the clear formulation of the working hypothesis and aim of the study. It is recommended to indicate what is novel and important in the study.

    • Materials and Methods – in this section the description of experimental procedures should be sufficient to allow replication. Organisms must be identified by scientific name, including authors. The International System of Units (SI) and their abbreviations should be used. Methods of statistical processing, including the software used, should also be listed in this section.

    • Results – should be presented clearly and concisely without deducting and theori sing. Graphs should be preferred over tables to express quantitative data.

    • Discussion – should contain an interpretation of the results ( without unnecessary repetition) and explain the influence of experimental factors or methods. It should describe how the results and their interpretation relate to the scientific hypothesis and/or aim of the study. The discussion should take into account the current state of knowledge and up-to-date literature. It should highlight the significance and novelty of the paper. It may also point to the next steps that will lead to a better understanding of the matters in question.

    • Acknowledgements – of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

    • References
    In the text, papers with more than two authors should be cited by the last name of the first author, followed by et al. (et al. in italics), a space, and the year of publication (example: Smith et al. 2012).
    If the cited manuscript has two authors, the citation should include both last names, a space, and the publication year (example: Marconi and Johnston 2006). It is not acceptable written in Reference list et al., eg. Moudrok L. et al.; et al. can be given only in text.
    In the Reference section, a maximum of ten authors of the cited paper may be given. All references cited in the text must be listed in the Reference section alphabetically by the last names of the author(s) and then chronologically. The year of publication follows the authors’ names. All titles of the cited articles should be given in English. Please limit the citation of papers published in languages other than English. If cited article has an English title and abstract English title must be provided and information concerning the original language in brackets (e.g. in Spanish).

    The list of references should only include works from the last ten years that have had the greatest impact on the subject. Older references can be cited only if they are important for manuscript content. The list of References can not be longer than 30 positions.

    The title of a journal must not be abbreviated. For example, the Journal of Plant Protection Research is not abbreviated to J. Plant Prot. or JPPR.
    All words of the journal title begin with an upper case letter.

    Reference links
    Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and Google Scholar, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors.

    Use of the DOI is highly encouraged.
    An example of a citation using DOI for an article:
    A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article.

    The following system for arranging references should be used:

    Journal articles
    Surmane. Author(s) name initial(s). Year of publication. Title of article. Title of Journal [Do not use abbreviations in the journal titles], Volume na Issue number, [or] date/month of publication [in the absence of volume and issue], page number(s) [with en dash]. DOI number (full, with https).

    Jorjani M., Heydari A., Zamanizadeh H.R., Rezaee S., Naraghi L., Zamzami P. 2012. Controlling sugar beet mortality disease by application of new bioformulations. Journal of Plant Protection Research 52 (3): 303–307. DOI:

    Journal article from electronic database
    Author(s) name initial(s). Year of publication. Title of article. Title of Journal[Do not use abbreviations in the journal titles], Volume(Issue number), [or] date/month of publication [in the absence of volume and issue], page number(s) [if applicable, with en dash]. Available on: name of database [Accessed: date]. DOI number if any.

    Zhao J. 2008. Prospect of concentrating solar power in China: the sustainable future. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12 (9): 2505–2514. Available on: Science Direct [Accessed: 14 February 2021].

    Journal article from a website
    Author(s) name initial(s). Year of publication. Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue number), [or] date/month of publication [in the absence of volume and issue]. Available on: web address [Accessed: date]. DOI number if any.

    Delbeke D., Segall, G. 2010. We can’t control the future, but we can plan for it. The Journal of Nuclear Medicine 52 (11). Available on: [Accessed: 14 February 2011]

    In reference should be cited only research papers.

    Surname(s) of Author(s) than Author(s) name(s) initial(s). Year of publication. Title of Book: Subtitle [if any]. ed. [if not 1st edition], Publisher name, Place of Publication, number of pages. DOI number if any.

    Bancrof J.D., Stevens A. 1996. Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques. 4th ed. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, UK, 776 pp.

    Book chapters
    Surname(s) of Author(s) than Author(s) name(s) initial(s). Year of publication. Title of chapter (small letters). Chapter page number(s). In: "Title of Book" (Editor(s) of the book containing the contribution, ed.(s). Publisher name, Place of Publication, full number of book pages. DOI number if any.

    Pradhan S.K. 2000. Integrated pest management. p. 463-469. In: "IPM System in Agriculture. Cash Crop" (R.K. Upadhyaya, K.G. Mukerji, O.P. Dubey, eds.). Aditya Books Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India.

    Conference or Workshop materials (only published)
    Surname(s) of Author(s) than Author(s) name(s) initial(s). Year of publication. Title of the presentation(small letters). page number(s). In: Proceedings of "Title of the conference". Date of the conference, Place of the conference.

    Bradley C.A., Lamey H.A. 2005. Canola disease situation in North Dakota, U.S.A. p. 1993−2004. In: Proceedings of the 14th Australian Research Assembly on Brassicas. 3−7 October 2005, Port Lincoln, Australia.

    Nomenclature, abbreviations, and units
    The Latin binomial or trinomial (in italics) and authority must be shown for all plants, insects, and pathogens when first used in either the abstract, the main text, or in a table. SI units should be used, e.g.: mg, g, km, m, cm, mm, ppm, cpm, Ci (Curie), l (litre), ml, s (seconds), min (minute), h (hour), mol, etc. Use mg · l–1 instead of mg/l. Units must be indicated on each occurrence of numerical information and at the axes of all graphs. To express a unit of measurement, use a space between the number and the unit (5 g; 20 ha) except for percentages (37%) and degrees 3°C. In a series of measurements, indicate the unit at the end (3, 6, and 8 mm). Abbreviate units only after a numeric value (24 h; several hours later). Isotope numbers should precede the symbols (e.g., 18O). The decimal marker is a point (e.g., 0.1 m), while the thousand’s separator is a coma on either side of the decimal period (e.g., 25,562.987,05). The decimal point in all numbers between 1 and –1, except 0, must be preceded by 0 (e.g., 0.26). In general, use words for numbers one through nine, and use digits for 10 and over. For a series of numbers, any of which are over 10, use all digits. Don’t use the MathType or MS Word Equations editor for symbols or variables written in the running article text (use the Symbol letters). Currency. Use euro or U.S. dollar as a currency in the computations and results. Currency

    Currency Use euro or U.S. dollar as a currency in the computations and results. Currency codes based on the ISO 4217 Currency Code norm should be used (EUR, USD). When a monetary unit is referred to generally but an amount is not included, it is spelt out in letters, except in tables (e.g. an amount in euros). In the text, use: EUR 30; EUR 30 per year per ha; EUR 10 million. In tables in case of the main unit for a column (table), use: (EUR), (milion EUR).

    Tables, Figures, Phothographs, Drawings

    Tables and figures should be uploaded as separated files at the submission stage. Their place in the manuscript should be clearly indicated by authors.

    All illustrative material must be of publication quality. Photographs and RGB bitmaps should be provided in JPG or TIFF file format. They must have no less than 300 dpi resolution. The text column should be 8 cm wide and they must be at least 1000 pixels wide. Please send original (not resized) photograph(s), straight from a digital camera, without any text descriptions on the photo. All photos, graphs, illustrations and diagrams must be referred to as a figure and numbered (Fig. 1), continually according to the order in which they are included in the text, using Arabic numerals. Abbreviations or symbols used in the figures must be explained either in the figure title or as a footnote.

    Bitmaps combined with text object descriptions should be provided in MS Word or MS Powerpoint format. Text objects using Arial font-face should be editable (changing font-face or font size).

    Drawings should be provided in MS Word, MS Powerpoint, CorelDRAW or EPS file format and stored with original data file. Text objects using Arial font-face should be editable (changing font-face or font size).

    Charts (MS Excel graphs) should be provided in MS Excel file format, and stored with original MS Excel data file without captions but with the number of the figure attached. Please do not use bitmap fills for bar charts. Use colour fills only if necessary.

    Captions and legends should be added at the end of the text, referred to as "Fig." and numbered consecutively throughout the paper.

    Rapid communications

    Rapid communications should present brief observations which do not warrant the length of a full paper. However, they must present completed studies and follow the same scientific standards as original articles.
    Rapid communications should contain the following sections:
    • Title
    • Abstract - less than 300 words
    • Key words - maximum 6
    • Text body
    • Acknowledgements
    • References

    The length of such submissions is limited to 10 000 words for the text, one table, and one figure.


    Review articles are invited by the editors.Unsolicited reviews are also considered. The length is limited to 35 000 words with no limitations on figures and tables and a maximum of 150 references.

    Mini-Review articles should be dedicated to "hot" topics and limited to 3000 words and a maximum two figures, two tables and 20 references.