Comparative study to determine food consumption of cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis, on some cotton genotypes
More details
Hide details
Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, 44516 Giza, Egypt
Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 12619 Giza, Egypt
Submission date: 2015-01-19
Acceptance date: 2015-06-26
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(3):312–321
A study was done on the feeding behaviour, development indices, and biochemical response of 4th instar larvae of Spodoptera littoralis in which seven cotton genotypes were used: Giza86, Giza88, Giza92, 10229 × Giza 86, H10, Suvin, and Karshenseki. Castor bean leaves were used as the control. All the tested cotton genotypes decreased the feeding behavior of S. littoralis larvae in terms of consumption percentages, consumption rate (CR), growth rates (GR), efficiency of conversion of ingested and digested food (ECI and ECD), approximate digestibility (AD), and feeding deterrence (FDI) compared to the control. Additionally, all the tested cotton variet- ies prolonged the time taken for larval and pupal duration and reduced both the pupation percentages and the weight of the resulting pupae, as compared to the control. Giza86 recorded the lowest values of both larval growth index and fitness (7.31 and 1.05, respectively) while the genotype Suvin recorded the lowest standardised growth index (0.020) more than other genotypes and the control that gave 10.16, 1.53, and 0.032, respectively. There was a significant inhibition in the level of both total soluble protein and total lipids, and activities of amylase and the trehalase enzymes in all the tested varieties, compared to that found in the control.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Mohamad Ahmad Khedr
Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, 44516 Giza, Egypt
1. Abdel-Rahman H.R., Al-Mozini R.N. 2007. Antifeedant and toxic activity of some plant extracts against larvae of cotton leaf-worm,Spodoptera littoralis(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 10 (24): 4467–4472.
2. Aryal A., Guan Li-C., Xu W. 2007. Influences of secondary metabolites on the performance of lepidopterous larvae. http://www.forestrynepal.org/a.... Accessed on.
3. Bavaresco A., Garcia M.S., Grützmacher A.D., Ringenberg R., Foresti J. 2004. Adequação de uma dieta artificial para a criação de Spodoptera cosmioides(Walk.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) em laboratório. [Adaptation of an artificial diet for Spodoptera cosmioides(Walk.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) laboratory rearing]. Neotropical Entomology 33 (2): 155–161. (in Brazilian).
4. Carne P.B. 1966. Growth and food consumption during the larval stages of Paropsis atomaria(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 9 (1): 105–112.
5. Chapman R.F. 1998. The Insects Structure and Function. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, 750 pp.
6. Costat Statistical Software 2005. Microcomputer program analysis version, 6. 311. CoHort Software, Monterey, California, USA.
7. Dahlman D.L. 1977. Effect of L-canavanine on the consumption and utilization of artificial diet by the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta.Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 22 (2): 123–133.
8. Darvishzadeh A., Hosseininaveh V., Rizi S.S. 2014. Enzymatic activity of α-amylase in alimentary tract Spodoptera littoralis(Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): characterization and compartmentalization. Arthropods 3 (3): 138–146.
9. El-Defrawi M.E., Toppozada A., Mansour N., Zeid M. 1964. Toxicological studies on the Egyptian cotton leafworm, Prodenia litura F. susceptibility of different larval instars of Progenia to insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology 57 (4): 591–593.
10. Etebari K., Matindoost L. 2004. The study on effects of larval age and starvation stress on biochemical macromolecules abundance of haemolymph in silkworm, Bombyx mori. In: Proceedings of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, General Entomology Symposium, The University of Tabriz, Iran, August 28th – September 1st, 2004, 435 pp.
11. Gornall A.G., Bardawil C.D., David M.M. 1949. Determination of serum protein by means of bruit reduction. Journal of Biochemistry 177: 751–766.
12. Ishaaya I., Swiriski E. 1976. Trehalase, invertase and amylase activities in the black scale, Saissetia oleae and their relation to host adaptability. Journal of Insect Physiology 22 (7): 1025–1029.
13. Isman M.B. 2002. Insect antifeedants. Pesticide Outlook 13: 152–157.
14. Isman M.B., Koul O., Łuczyński A., Kamiński A. 1990. Insecticidal and antifeedant bioactivity of neem oils and their relationship to azadirachtin content. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 38 (6): 1406–1411.
15. Itoyama K., Kawahira Y., Murata M., Tojo S. 1999. Fluctuations of some characteristics in the common cutworm, Spodoptera litura(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) reared under different diets. Applied Entomology and Zoology 34 (3): 315–321.
16. Jansen B., Groot A. 2004. Occurrence, biological activity and synthesis of drimane sesquiterpenoids. Natural Product Reports 21: 449–477.
17. Kamel S.A. 1965. Relation between leaf hairiness and resistance to cotton leafworm. Cotton Growth Review 42: 41–48.
18. Khosravi R., Sendi J.J., Ghadamyari M. 2010. Effect of Artemisia annua L. on deterrence and nutritional efficiency of lesser mulberry pyralid (Glyphodes pylolaisWalker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Plant Protection Research 50 (4): 423–428.
19. Luthy P., Wolfersberger M.G. 2000. Pathogenesis of Bacillus thuringiensis toxins. p. 167–168. In: “Entomopatoghenic Bacteria: From Laboratory to Field Application” (J.F. Charles, A. Decluse, C. Nielsen-LeRoux, eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 524 pp.
20. Nasirian R., Naseri B., Razmjou J. 2014. Feeding performance and some biological parameters of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on artificial diets containing bran of different wheat cultivars. Journal of Crop Protection 3 (3): 295–304.
21. Nath B.S., Suresh A., Mahendra V.B., Kumar R.P. 1997. Changes in metabolism in haemolymph and fat body of the silkworm, Bombyx Mori L. in response to organophosphorus insecticides toxicity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 36 (2): 169–173.
22. Nathan S.S., Chung P.G., Murugan K. 2005. Effect of biopesticides applied separately or together on nutritional indices of the rice leafolder Cnaphalocrocis medinalis. Phytoparasitica 33 (2): 187–195.
23. Pretorius L.M. 1976. Laboratory studies on the developmental reproductive performance of Helicoverpa armigera on various food plants. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 39: 337–334.
24. Sadek M.M. 2003. Antifeedant and toxic activity of Adhatoda vesica leaf extract against Spodoptera litura(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 127 (7): 364–404.
25. Salama H.S., Sharaby A. 1988. Feeding deterrence induced by some plants in Spodoptera littoralis and their poteniating effect on Bacillus thuringiensis Beriner. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 9 (6): 573–577.
26. Saleh M.A., El-Bolok M.M., Abdel-Salam K.A., Ibrahim N.A. 1986. Plant extracts affecting insect feeding, growth and metamorphosis. The Bulletin Faculty of Agriculture 37 (1): 529–539.
27. Santos T.M., Boiça A. JR. 2001. Resistência de genótipos de algodoeiro (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Alabama argillacea(Hübner) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). [Resistance of cotton genotypes (Gossypium hirsutum L.) to Alabama argillacea(Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)]. Neotropical Entomology 30 (2): 297–303. (in Spain).
28. Schmit 1964. Colorimetric determination of serum total lipids using sulfophosphovanilic mixture. Ph.D. thesis, Biomerieux – Company of France, Lyon.
29. Scriber J.M., Slansky F. 1981. The nutritional ecology of immature insects. Annual Review of Entomology 26 (1): 183–211.
30. Silva M.C.P., Terra W.R., Ferreira C. 2004. The role of carboxyl, guanidine and imidazole groups in catalysis by a midgut trehalase purified from an insect larvae. Insect Biochemistry and Molecuar Biology 34 (10): 1089–1099.
31. Snedecor G.W., Cochran G.W. 1980. Statistical Methods. 2nd ed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA, 480 pp.
32. Temesvari L.A., Cotter D.A. 1997. Trehalase of Dictyostelium discoideum: inhibition kinetics and affinity purification with amino-containing analogs of trehalose. Biochimie 79 (4): 229–239.
33. USDA 1982. Pests Not Known to Occur in the United States of Limited Distribution, No. 25: Egyptian Cottonworm., APHIS-PPQ, Hyattsville, MD, 14 pp.
34. Waldbauer G.P. 1968. The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Advances in Insect Physiology 5: 229–288.