ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effects of low ozone concentrations and short exposure times on the mortality of immature stages of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 9177948974 Iran
2
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 9177948974 Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ensieh Keivanloo
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 9177948974 Iran
Submission date: 2014-01-22
Acceptance date: 2014-07-24
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2014;54(3):267–271
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
In Iran, the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), is one of the most important pests of such stored products as date fruits and pistachio nuts. Ozone was applied as a gas at four concentrations (0, 2, 3, and 5 ppm) for four different periods (30, 60, 90, and 120 min) on the immature stages of P. interpunctella. The results indicated that by increasing the concentration and exposure time, the rate of mortality increased for all tested stages. This study showed that 12-day-old larvae were more susceptible than other stages when exposed to 5 ppm ozone for 120 min. The next in order of susceptibility were pupae, then 5-day-old larvae, and 17-day-old larvae had the highest sensitivity to ozonation. At the highest concentration of ozone, for the longest time, the least mortality rate was recorded for one-day-old eggs. According to the results, a reduction in the population density of P. interpunctella in laboratory experiments is promising. However, validation studies will be necessary to fully determine the potential of ozone as a replacement for the current post harvest chemical control of P. interpunctella on either pistachio nuts or date fruits.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Bonjour E.L., Opit G.P., Hardin J., Jones C.L., Payton M.E., Beeby R.L. 2011. Efficacy of ozone fumigation against the major grain pests in stored wheat. J. Econ. Entomol. 104 (1): 308–316.
 
2.
Cline L.D. 1978. Penetration of seven common flexible packing materials by larvae and adults of eleven species of stored-product insects. J. Econ. Entomol. 71 (5): 726–729.
 
3.
EPA 1999. Alternative disinfectants and oxidants guidance manual. United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Publication 815 R 99014, 30 pp.
 
4.
Erdman H.E. 1980. Ozone toxicity during ontogeny of two species of flour beetles, Tribolium confusum and T. castaneum. J. Environ. Entomol. 9 (1): 16–17.
 
5.
Habibi Najafi M.B., Hadad Khodaparast M.H. 2009. Efficacy of ozone to reduce microbial populations in date fruits. J. Food Control 20 (1): 27–30.
 
6.
Hansen L.S., Hansen P., Jensen K.M.V. 2012. Lethal doses of ozone for control of all stages of internal and external feeders in stored products. Pest Manage. Sci. 68 (9): 1311–1316.
 
7.
Isikber A.A., Oztekin S. 2009. Comparison of susceptibility of two stored-product insects, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller and Tribolium confusum to gaseous ozone. J. Stored Prod. Res. 45 (3): 159–164.
 
8.
James R.R. 2011. Potential of ozone as a fumigant to control pests in honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Hives. J. Econ. Entomol. 104 (2): 353–359.
 
9.
Johnson J.A., Gill R.F., Valero K.A., May S.A. 1996. Survival of navel orangeworm (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) during pistachio processing. J. Econ. Entomol. 89 (1): 197–203.
 
10.
Kells S.A., Mason L.J., Maier D.E., Woloshuk C.P. 2001. Efficacy and fumigation characteristics of ozone in stored maize. J. Stored Prod. Res. 37 (4): 371–382.
 
11.
Kim J.G., Yousef A.E., Dave S. 1999. Application of ozone for enhancing the microbiological safety and quality of foods: a review. J. Food Prot. 62 (9): 1071–1087.
 
12.
Leesch J.G. 2003. The mortality of stored-product insects following exposure to gaseous ozone at high concentrations. p. 827–831. In: “Advances in Stored Product Protection” (P.F. Credland, D.M. Armitage, C.H. Bell, P.M. Cogan, E. Highley, eds.). Proc. 8th Int. Working Conference on Stored-Product Protection, York, UK, 22–26 July 2002, 965 pp.
 
13.
Mason L.J., Woloshuk C.P., Maier D.E. 1997. Efficacy of ozone to control insects, molds, and mycotoxins. p. 665–670. In: Proc. Int. Conference on Controlled Atmosphere and Fumigation in Stored Products (E.J. Donahaye, S. Navarro, A. Varnava, eds.). PrintCo Ltd., Nicosia, Cyprus, 780 pp.
 
14.
Mullen M.A., Arbogast R.T. 1979. Time-temperature-mortality relationships for various stored product insect eggs and chilling times for selected commodities. J. Econ. Entomol. 72 (4): 476–478.
 
15.
Na L., Ryoo M. 2000. The influence of temperature on development of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on dried vegetable commodities. J. Stored Prod. Res. 36 (2): 125–129.
 
16.
Niakousari M., Erjaee Z., Javadian S. 2010. Fumigation characteristics of ozone in postharvest treatment of Kabkab dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) against selected insect Infestation. J. Food Prot. 73 (4): 763–768.
 
17.
Pimentel M.A.G. 1991. World resources and food losses to pests. p. 5–11. In: “Ecology and Management of Food Industry Pests” FDA Technical Bulletin 4 (J.R. Gorham, ed.). Assoc. Off. Anal. Chemists, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 595 pp.
 
18.
Sait S.M., Begon M., Thompson D.J., Harvey J.A., Hails R.S. 1997. Factors affecting host selection in an insect host-parasitoid interaction. Ecol. Entomol. 22 (2): 225–223.
 
19.
Sauer J.A., Shelton M.D. 2002. High temperature controlled atmosphere for post-harvest control of Indian meal moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on preserved flowers. J. Stored Prod. Res. 95 (5): 1074–1078.
 
20.
Shadia E. Abd El-Aziz 2011. Control strategies of stored product pests. J. Entomol. 8 (2): 101–122.
 
21.
Shojaaddini M., Moharramipour S., Sahaf B.Z. 2005. Effects of different photoperiods on some biological parameters of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on fried and unfired pistachio cultivars. Turkish J. Entomol. 29: 279–287.
 
22.
Shojaaddini M., Moharramipour S., Sahaf B.Z. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Carum copticum against Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. J. Plant Prot. Res. 48 (4): 411–419.
 
23.
Sousa A.H., Faroni L.R.D.A., Guedes R.N.C., Totola M.R., Urruchi W.I. 2008. Ozone as a management alternative against phosphine-resistant insect pests of stored products. J. Stored Prod. Res. 44 (4): 379–385.
 
24.
Wood M. 2008. Ozone might help make bee hives cleaner and safer. New York Berry News 7 (5): 8–9.
 
25.
Zettler J.L., Halliday W.R., Arthur F.H. 1989. Phosphine resistance in insects infesting stored peanuts in the Southeastern USA. J. Econ. Entomol. 82 (6): 1508–1511.
 
26.
Zhanggui Q., Xiaoping Y., Xia W. 2003. Trials of ozone reducing pesticide residues in grain. Grain Storage 32 (3): 10–13.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345