RAPID COMMUNICATION
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The yellow sugarcane aphid (YSA), Sipha flava Forbes (Homoptera: Aphididae) is an invasive insect pest of many graminaceous plants which include cultivated crops, like sorghum, sugarcane, rice, maize and several species within non-cultivated genera e.g. Digitaria, Panicum, Paspalum, and Pennisetum. A survey conducted in the Kagera region indicated an infestation by YSA in nine sugarcane varieties grown. This pest causes damage to leaves leading to yellow, purple and red discoloration. This is the first report of YSA infestation in the Tanzanian sugarcane industry. Efforts to develop control measures are still in progress.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Special thanks are for agronomists of Kagera Sugar Limited for their assistance in surveying sugarcane fields.
FUNDING
This study was made possible through the Sugar Board of Tanzania financial aid.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (10)
1.
Adbelmajid N. 2008. First finding of Sipha flava (Homoptera: Aphididae) on sugarcane in Morocco. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO 38 (2): 220–222.
 
2.
Akbar W., Showler A.T., Reagan T.E., White W.H. 2010. Categorizing sugarcane cultivar resistance to the sugarcane aphid and yellow sugarcane aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1431–1437. DOI: https://doi.10.1603EC09336.
 
3.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. 1984. Aphids on the World’s Crops. An Identification Guide. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY, USA.
 
4.
Hinson P.O. 2017. Effect of temperature on the development of sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari, on sorghum. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree Masters of Science in West Texas A & M University Canyon, Texas, USA.
 
5.
Nuessly G.S. 2019. Featured Creatures: Yellow Sugarcane Aphid; publication #EENY-354; University of Florida: Gainsville, FL, USA. Available on: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/crea... aphid.htm.
 
6.
Nuessly G.S., Hentz M.G., Gilbert R.A. 2010. Susceptibility of stage IV Canal Point (CP) sugarcane clones to yellow sugarcane aphid [Sipha flava (Forbes)] feeding damage. Journal of American Society of Sugarcane Technology 30: 104–114.
 
7.
Thomas S., Conlong D.E., Barton M.G., Mcelligott D.M., Maher G., Terblanche J.S. 2018. Impacts of sampling effort on estimating abundance of the aphid Sipha flava (Forbes) in sugarcane in Mazabuka, Zambia. Proceeding of the South African Sugar Technology Association 91: 78–82.
 
8.
Way M.J., Conlong D.E., Martin L.A., McFarlane S.A., Stranack R., Keeping M.G., Rutherford R.S. 2015. First record of yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Homoptera: Aphididae), in the South African sugarcane industry. Proceeding of the South African Sugar Technology Association 87: 53–57.
 
9.
Way M.O., Pearson R.A., Vyavhare S., Verret C., Voegtlin D. 2013. Foliar treatments for sugarcane aphid control in sorghum. Arthropod Management Tests 39: 45. DOI: 10.4182/amt.2014.F45.
 
10.
Wilson B.E. 2019. Hemipteran pests attacking sugarcane in North America. A Review. Insects 10: 107. DOI. https://doi:10.3390/insects100....
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345