Life table and fertility rate of Liriomyza sativae (Blanchard) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in tomato with silicon
Adamastor Pereira Barros 1, B,D
,   Hugo Zago 2, E-F
,   Dirceu Pratissoli 2, E
,   Paulo Cavatte 3, A,E
,   Julielson Oliveira Ataide 2, D-E  
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Entomology, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo - Campus Alegre, Brazil
Entomology, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo - Campus Alegre, Brazil
Biology, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo - Campus Alegre, Brazil
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Julielson Oliveira Ataide   

Entomology, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo - Campus Alegre, Alto Universitário- s/n, 0, 29.500-000, Alegre, Brazil
Submission date: 2020-11-24
Acceptance date: 2020-12-30
Online publication date: 2021-02-16
The miner fly Liriomyza sativae is an insect of economic importance for tomato culture. The conventional control with insecticides is complex due to the mining eating habit that provides protection to the larvae inside the leaves. Therefore, farmers can opt for biological control agents, or substances that provide protection to the plant. Thus, the objective of our research was to evaluate the use of silicon to induce resistance in tomato plants against L. sativae. The results showed that in tomato plants treated with SiO2/ F and K2SiO3/ F there was a reduction in the net reproduction rate (Ro), in the intrinsic rate of increase in number (rm), in the finite rate of increase (λ), in the average interval between generations (IMG), in the doubling time (TD), in the number of eggs / female / day and the accumulated egg laying of F1 females of L. sativae. The products SiO2/ F and K2SiO3/ F gave the tomato a protective effect against injuries caused by L. sativae.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.