Soil management system in hazelnut groves (Corylus sp.) versus the presence of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae)
More details
Hide details
University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Phytopathology and Entomology, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Horticulare, Prawocheńskiego 21, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
Mariusz Nietupski
University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Phytopathology and Entomology, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
Submission date: 2014-08-11
Acceptance date: 2015-01-28
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(1):26–34
Sustaining biodiversity as well as taking advantage of the natural environment’s resistance are the key elements which should be considered when designing integrated plans for the protection of hazelnut groves. An effort has been made in this study to analyse the impact of different soil cultivation methods in hazelnut groves, on the species composition and number of individuals in carabid assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Another aim was to determine which method of inter-row soil management had the least negative effect on assemblages of these beetles. Because of the type of habitat, the xerothermic species characteristic for south-eastern Europe, i.e. Calathus ambiguus, Poecilus lepidus, Harpalus calceatus, and H. griseus, were the most numerous. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the captured individuals implied that the optimal soil tillage system in young hazelnut groves is when soil is kept fallow with machines or chemicals, or when soil is covered with manure. The least favourable practice for the appearance of ground beetles of the Carabidae family is the use of polypropylene fabric, bark or sawdust, to cover soil.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Aleksandrowicz O., Gawroński R., Browarski B. 2003. New species of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from North-East Poland. Baltic Journal of Coleopterology 3 (2): 153–156.
Aleksandrowicz O.R. 2004. Biegaczowate (Carabidae). [Graund beetles (Carabidae)]. p. 28–42. In: „Fauna Polski – charakterystyka i wykaz gatunków”. [Polish fauna – characteristic and species specification] (W. Bogdanowicz, E. Chudzicka, I. Pilipiuk, E. Skibińska, eds.). Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Warszawa, Poland, 580 pp.
Aleksandrowicz O. 2011. Recent records of steppe species in Belarus, first indications of a steppe species invasion? Zoo- Keys 100: 475–485.
Billeaud L.A., Zajicek J.M. 1989. Influence of mulches on weed control, soil pH, soil nitrogen content and growth of Ligustrum japonicum. Journal of Environmental Horticulture 7 (4): 155–157.
Cárcamo H.A., Niemelä J., Spence J.R. 1995. Farming and ground beetles: effects of agronomic practice on populations and community structure. The Canadian Entomologist 127 (1): 123–140.
Colwell R.K. 2005. EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples, ver. 9.1.0. http://purl.oclc.org/estimates [Accessed: January 27, 2015].
Cotes B., Castro J., Cardenas M., Campos M. 2009. Responses of epigeal beetles to the removal of weed cover crops in organic olive orchards. Bulletin of Insectology 62 (1): 47–52.
Den Boer P.J. 1968. Spreading of risk and stabilization of animal numbers. Acta Biotheoretica 18 (1–4): 165–194.
Deuschle J., Glück E. 2008. Similarity of ground beetle communities of extensively managed orchards depending on management regimes. Bulletin of Insectology 61 (1): 73–80.
FAO STAT 2012. Food and Agriculture Organization data. http://faostat3.fao.org/downlo... [Accessed: January 27, 2015].
Funayama K. 2011. Influence of pest control pressure on occurrence of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in apple orchards. Applied Entomology and Zoology 46 (1): 103–110.
Gantner M. 2010. Aktualne problemy występujące w uprawach małoobszarowych na przykładzie leszczyny. [Current problems in minor crops on hazelnut example]. Progress of Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 50 (4): 1583 –1591(in Polish with English summary)
Garratt M.P.D., Wright D.J., Leather S.R. 2011. The effects of farming system and fertilizers on pests and natural enemies: A synthesis of current research. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 141 (1–2): 261–270.
Górny M., Grüm L. 1981. Metody stosowane w zoologii gleby. [Methods using in soil zoology]. PWN, Warszawa, Poland, 483 pp. (in Polish).
Guidone L., Loru L., Marras P.M., Fios X., Pantaleoni R.A., Tavella L. 2008. Predatory bugs in hazelnut orchards of Piedmont and Sardinia (Italy). Bulletin of Insectology 61 (1): 207–208.
Holland J.M., Luff M.L. 2000. The effects of agricultural practices on Carabidae in temperate agroecosystems. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 5 (2): 109–129.
Hummel R.L., Walgenbach J.F., Hoyt G.D., Kennedy G.G. 2002. Effects of vegetable production system on epigeal arthropod populations. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 93 (1–3): 177–188.
Hůrka K. 1996. Carabidae of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Illustrated key. Kabournek – Zlin, Czech Republic, 565 pp.
Irmler U. 2003. The spatial and temporal pattern of carabid beetles on arable fields in northern Germany (Schleswig-Holstein) and their value as ecological indicators. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 98 (1–3): 141–151.
Jaskuła R., Szoszyńska-Maj A. 2011. What do we know about winter active ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Central and Northern Europe? ZooKeys 100: 517–532.
Klaa K., Mill P.J., Incoll L.D. 2005. Distribution of small mammals in a silvoarable agroforestry system in Northern England. Agroforestry System 63 (2): 101–110.
Kosewska A., Nietupski M., Laszczak-Dawid A., Ciepielewska D. 2010. Biegaczowate (Col., Carabidae) zasiedlające uprawy wierzby krzewiastej w okolicach Olsztyna. [Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) inhabiting shrub willow plantations]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 50 (3): 1504–1510. (in Polish with English summary).
Kosewska A., Nietupski M., Laszczak-Dawid A., Ciepielewska D. 2011. Naziemna fauna biegaczowatych (Col., Carabidae) występująca w uprawach rzepaku ozimego. [Assemblages of epigeic carabid beetles (Col., Carabidae) in winter oilseed rape plantations]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 51 (2): 763–770. (in Polish with English summary).
Kotze J.D., Brandmayr P., Casale A., Dauffy-Richard E., Dekoninck W., Koivula M.J., Lövei G.L., Mossakowski D., Noordijk J., Paarmann W., Pizzolotto R., Saska P., Schwerk A., Serrano J., Szyszko J., Taboada A., Turin H., Venn S., Vermeulen R., Zetto T. 2011. Forty years of carabid beetle research in Europe – from taxonomy, biology, ecology and population studies to bioindication, habitat assessment and conservation. ZooKeys 100: 55–148.
Kromp B. 1999. Carabid beetles in sustainable agriculture: a review on pest control efficacy, cultivation impacts and enhancement. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74 (1–3): 187–228.
Larsson S.G. 1939. Entwicklungstypen und Entwicklungszeiten der dänischen Carabiden. [Development types and development time of the Danish Carabidae]. Entomologische Meddelelser 20: 270–560.
Lindroth C.H. 1985. The Carabidae (Coleoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomolgica Scandinavica 15 (1): 1–225.
Lindroth C.H. 1986. The Carabidae (Coleoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomolgica Scandinavica 15 (2): 226–497.
Mennan H., Ngouajiob M., Isik D., Kaya E. 2006. Effects of alternative management systems on weed populations in hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.). Crop Protection 25 (8): 835–841.
Minarro M., Dapena E. 2003. Effects of groundcover management on ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in an apple orchard. Applied of Soil Ecology 23 (2): 111–117.
Nietupski M. 2012. Naziemne biegaczowate (Coleoptera: Carabidae) występujące w sadach jabłoniowych objętych różnymi systemami produkcji. [Ground beetles (Col., Carabidae) occurring in apple orchards under different production systems.] Progress of Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 52 (2): 360–365. (in Polish with English summary).
Oberholzer F., Escher N., Frank T. 2003. The potential of carabid beetles (Coleoptera) to reduce slug damage to oilseed rape in the laboratory. European Journal of Entomology 100 (1): 81–85.
Purvis G., Curry J.P. 1984. The influence of weeds and farmyard manure on the activity of Carabidae and other ground dwelling arthropods in a sugar beet crop. Journal of Applied Ecology 21 (1): 271–283.
Santiveri C., Ibanez R., Aymami A., Mateu J., Nubiola N., Palau R., Ribe E., Agusti J.A. 2005. Hazelnut plant protection groups in Catalonia: cultural practices improvement and new management in hazelnut. p. 331–332. In: Proceedings of the VI-th International Congress on Hazelnut, 14–18 June 2004, Tarragona-Reus, Spain, 672 pp.
Sądej W., Kosewska A., Sądej W., Nietupski M. 2012. Effects of fertilizer and land-use type on soil properties and ground beetle communities. Bulletin of Insectology 65 (2): 239–246.
Schmid A., Weibel F., Allemannn P., Santini D. 2004. Sandwich system: A new method for the management of in-row strips in orchards without herbicides. Erwerbs-Obstbau 46: 87–94.
Schwerk A., Sałek P., Duszczyk M., Abs M., Szyszko J. 2006. Variability of Carabidae in time and space in open areas. Entomologica Fennica 17 (3): 258–268
Scortichini M., Avanzato D., Me G., Valentini N., Tavella L., Pantaleoni R.A., Fiori M., Chiorri M., Belisario A., Loreti S., Pilotti M. 2005. A national project on organic hazelnut production in Italy. p. 327–330. In: Proceedings of the VI-th International Congress on Hazelnut, 14–18 June 2004, Tarragona-Reus, Spain, 672 pp.
Sharova I.H. 1974. Zhiznennye formy imago zhuzhelits (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Zoologitcheskoy Zhurnal 53 (5): 692–709. (in Russian).
Ter Braak C.J.F., Smilauer P. 1998. CANOCO Reference Manual and User’s Guide to Canoco for Windows. Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, USA.
Testa G. Zapparoli M. 1994. First data on soil arthropoda communities of hazel-groves in central Italy. Acta Horticulturae 351: 631–637.
Thiele H.U. 1977. Carabid Beetles in Their Environments. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 369 pp.
Tischler W. 1971. Agroekologia. [Agroecology]. PWRiL, Warszawa, Poland, 487 pp. (in Polish).
Twardowski J.P., Hurej M., Jaworska T. 2006. An effect of strip-management on carabid beetles (Col., Carabidae) in sugar beet crop. Journal of Plant Protection Research 46 (1): 61–71.
Zahl S. 1977. Jackknifing an index of diversity. Ecology 58 (4): 907–913.