The possibilities of reduction of winter barley chemical protection by growing variety mixtures. Part I. Effect on powdery mildew level
Anna Tratwal 1
John Law 2
Andy Horwell 2
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Institute of Plant Protection, Miczurina 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
NIAB, Cambridge, U.K.
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2007;47(1):65–77
In the four-year experiment the impact of four different winter barley varieties and selected two- and three-component mixtures were tested. Reduced dosages of fungicides on disease reduction in the mixtures compared with pure stands were evaluated. The studies were carried out at two sites: Experimental Station for Variety Testing Słupia Wlk. (Wielkopolska region) and Plant Breeding Station Bąków (Opole District). Observations on powdery mildew occurrence during the vegetation season were done every 7–10 days. In order to compare the disease occurrence levels on different cultivars in pure stands and on their mixtures combined with different fungicide treatments the Area Under Disease Progress Curve (AUDPC) was evaluated. On the base of the AUDPC values the reduction of powdery mildew occurring in the mixtures due to epidemiological and ecological factors functioning in mixed stands were also evaluated. On the base of obtained results it can be stated that winter barley variety mixtures combined with different fungicide treatments do reduce the powdery mildew incidence comparing to pure stands and winter barley variety mixtures can constitute an alternative way of growing winter barley, especially at low-input and ecological agriculture.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Anna Tratwal
Institute of Plant Protection, Miczurina 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
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