An evaluation of some eco-friendly biopesticides against Bemisia tabaci on two greenhouse tomato varieties in Egypt
More details
Hide details
Pests and Plant Protection Department, Agricultural and Biological Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 El-Buhouth St., Dokki, Giza, P.O. Box 12622, Egypt
Integrated Pest Management Sector, CIHEAM-Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari, Via Ceglie, 970010 Valenzano (Ba), Italy
Submission date: 2016-05-10
Acceptance date: 2017-01-30
Corresponding author
Nesreen M. Abd El-Ghany
Pests and Plant Protection Department, Agricultural and Biological Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 El-Buhouth St., Dokki, Giza, P.O. Box 12622, Egypt
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2017;57(1):9-17
Th is study has two main approaches. First, it exploits the susceptibility of tomato cultivars as a prophylactic measure to detect auto resistance characters of the tested tomato varieties against Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Secondly, it evaluates the efficacy of different bio-rational insecticides against B. tabaci under greenhouse conditions. The results exhibited a special significance in B. tabaci infestation suitability between the two tomato varieties with a high infestation significance found in the Shifa F1 hybrid tomato variety compared to the Savera F1 hybrid tomato variety in the first plantation period. Subsequently, in the second plantation period, there was a significant difference between the two tomato varieties. Bemisia tabaci showed a preference for the Shifa F1 hybrid over the Savera F1 hybrid tomato variety. These differences occurred during the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 10th weeks. In the experimental trial for the efficacy of eco-friendly biorational insecticides, spinosad, azadirachtin, Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae, there were significant differences between the treated and untreated plants during the two plantation periods. A high efficacy of spinosad on the B. tabaci population was found. Bemisia tabaci infestation under all the applications was reduced from 50 to 94.61% for the two plantation periods. This obvious decrease in B. tabaci population increase attention to benefits of the different bio-rational insecticides.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Abbott W. 1925. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology 18 (2): 265–267.
Abd El-Ghany N.M. 2011. Molecular evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis isolates from the soil and production of transgenic tomato plants harboring Btgene for controlling lepidopterous insects in Egypt. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt, 270 pp.
Arnó J., Matas M., Martí M., Ariño J., Roig J., Gabarra R. 2005. Coexistence between Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci and impact of natural enemies in tomato crops under Mediterranean conditions. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 28 (1): 1-4.
Batta Y. 2003. Production and testing of novel formulations of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschinkoff ) Sorokin (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes). Crop Protection 22 (2): 415–422.
Bayhan E., Ulusoy M.R., Brown J.K. 2006. Host range, distribution, and natural enemies of Bemisia tabaci ‘B biotype’ (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Turkey. Journal of Pest Science 79 (4): 233–240.
Blauth S.L., Churchill G.A., Mutschler M.A. 1998. Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with acylsugar accumulation using intraspecific populations of the wild tomato, Lycopersicon pennellii. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 96 (3): 458–467.
Brown J.K. 2010. Phylogenetic biology of the Bemisia tabaci sibling species group. p. 31–67. In: “Bemisia: Bionomics and Management of a Global Pest” (P.A. Stansly, S.E. Naranjo, eds.). Springer, 36 pp.
Chu D., Jiang T., Liu G., Jiang D., Tao Y., Fan Z., Zhou H., Bi Y. 2007. Biotype status and distribution of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Shandong province of China based on mitochondrial DNA markers. Environmental Entomology 36 (5): 1290–1295.
Cock M. 1986. Bemisia tabaci, a literature survey: on the cotton whitefl y with an annotated bibliography. FAO/CAB, Ascot, United Kingdom, 121 pp.
de Almeida Marques M., Quintela E.D., Mascarin G.M., Fernandes P.M., Arthurs S.P. 2014. Management of Bemisia tabaci biotype B with botanical and mineral oils. Crop Protection 66: 127–132.
De Barro P.J., Liu S.S., Boykin L.M., Dinsdale A.B. 2011. Bemisia tabaci: a statement of species status. Annual Review of Entomology 56: 1–19.
Dinsdale A., Cook L., Riginos C., Buckley Y., De Barro P. 2010. Refined global analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodoidea: Aleyrodidae) mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase 1 to identify species level genetic boundaries. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 103 (2): 196-208.
FAOSTAT. 2012. World to tomato production. Ghosh S. 2014. Incidence of white fl y (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) and their sustainable management by using biopesticides. p. 623–626. In: Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference at the 18th IFOAM Organic World Congress. Istanbul, Turkey, 13–14 October, 2014, 4 pp.
Hogenhout S.A., Ammar E.D., Whitfi eld A.E., Redinbaugh M.G. 2008. Insect vector interactions with persistently transmitted viruses. Annual Review of Phytopathology 46: 327–359.
Horowitz A.R., Kontsedalov S., Khasdan V., Ishaaya I. 2005. Biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci and their relevance to neonicotinoid and pyriproxyfen resistance. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 58 (4): 216–225.
Ibrahim S.S., Moharum F.A., Abd El-Ghany N.M. 2015. The cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) as a new insect pest on tomato plants in Egypt. Journal of Plant Protection Research 55 (1): 48–51.
Islam M.T., Omar D., Latif M., Morshed M.M. 2011. Th e integrated use of entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana with botanical insecticide, neem against Bemisia tabaci on eggplant. African Journal of Microbiology Research 5 (21): 3409–3413.
JiRong Li W.H., Ming W.J. 2011. Breeding of ‘Hangza No.401’ – a new tomato cultivar with good quality and disease resistance. Journal of Anhui Agricultural University 38 (1): 110–117.
Karut K., Kazak C., Döker İ., Malik A.A.Y. 2012. Natural parasitism of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) by native Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids in tomato greenhouses in Mersin, Turkey. IOBC–WPRS Bulletin 80: 69–74.
Kennedy G.G. 2003. Tomato, pests, parasitoids, and predators: tritrophic interactions involving the genus Lycopersicon. Annual Review of Entomology 48: 51–72.
Kim S.I., Chae S.H., Youn H.S., Yeon S.H., Ahn Y.J. 2011. Contact and fumigant toxicity of plant essential oils and efficacy of spray formulations containing the oils against B-and Q-biotypes of Bemisia tabaci. Pest Management Science 67 (9): 1093–1099.
Lacey L.A., Wraight S.P., Kirk A.A. 2008. Entomopathogenic fungi for control of Bemisia tabaci biotype B: foreign exploration, research and implementation. p. 33–69. In: “Classical Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci in the United States – A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation” (J. Gould, K. Hoelmer, J. Goolsby, eds.). Springer, 343 pp.
Lima L., Návia D., Inglis P., De Oliveira M. 2000. Survey of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotypes in Brazil using RAPD markers. Genetics and Molecular Biology 23 (4): 781–785.
Liu T., Stansly P., Sparks J.A., Knowles T., Chu C. 1999. Application of Mycotrol and Naturalis-L (Beauveria bassiana) for management of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on vegetables, cotton and ornamentals in southern United States. Subtropical Plant Science: Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society 53: 44–48.
Lynn O.M., Song W.G., Shim J.K., Kim J.E., Lee K.Y. 2010. Effects on azadirachtin and neem-based formulations for the control of sweetpotato whitefl y and root-knot nematode. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 53 (5): 598–604.
MSTAT-C. 1988. MSTAT-C, a microcomputer program for the design, arrangement and analysis of agronomic research. Michigan State University, East Lansing.
Naranjo S.E., Flint H.M. 1995. Spatial distribution of adult Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cotton and development and validation of fi xed-precision sampling plans for estimating population density. Environmental Entomology 24 (2): 261–270.
Oliveira M., Henneberry T., Anderson P. 2001. History, current status, and collaborative research projects for Bemisia tabaci. Crop Protection 20 (9): 709–723.
Ota M., Ozawa A., Kobayashi H. 1999. Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana preparation against whitefl y on tomato. Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society 46: 109–112.
Pereira M.F., Boiça J.A.L., Barbosa J.C. 2004. Distribuição espacial de Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) biótipo B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) em feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). [Spacial distribution of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)]. Neotropical Entomology 33 (4): 493–498.
Rodriguez A.E., Tingey W.M., Mutschler M.A. 1993. Acylsugars of Lycopersicon pennellii deter settling and feeding of the green peach aphid (Homoptera, Aphididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 86 (1): 34–39.
Samarajeewa P., Meegahakumbura M., Rajapakse R., Gammulla C., Sumanasinghe V. 2005. Molecular and morphological identifi cation of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) disease in tomato. Annuals of the SirLanka Department of Agriculture 7: 233–244.
Santiago-Álvarez C., Maranhão E.A., Maranhão E., Quesada-Moraga E. 2006. Host plant influences pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana to Bemisia tabaci and its sporulation on cadavers. BioControl 51 (4): 519–532.
Schilmiller A.L., Last R.L., Pichersky E. 2008. Harnessing plant trichome biochemistry for the production of useful compounds. The Plant Journal 54 (4): 702–711.
Simmons A.T., Gurr G.M. 2005. Trichomes of Lycopersicon species and their hybrids: effects on pests and natural enemies. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 7 (4): 265–276.
SPSS-Inc. 2005. SPSS Base 16.0 for Windows User’s Guide. SPSS Inc., Chicago IL.
Stansly P.A., Natwick E.T. 2010. Integrated systems for managing Bemisia tabaci in protected and open field agriculture. p. 467–497. In: “Bemisia: Bionomics and Management of a Global Pest (P.A. Stansly, S.E. Naranjo, eds.). Springer, 540 pp.
WenFeng Z., Peng T., Jinchang Ding Z.Y., Dong B.S., Guang G.J., ZengEn X. 2009. Temporal and spatial relationships among Bemisia tabaci and its natural enemies in tomato field. Journal of Journal Agricultural University 14 (4): 77–83.
Yin F., Feng X., Zhang D., Lin Q., Hu Z., Li Z., Chen H. 2011. Toxicities of 8 insecticides to Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Guangdong Agricultural Sciences 18: 025.
Zhu H., Kim J.J. 2011. Susceptibility of the tobacco whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype Q to entomopathogenic fungi. Biocontrol Science of Technology 21 (12): 1471–1483.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top