Fenton reagent and titanium dioxide nanoparticles as antifungal agents to control leaf spot of sugar beet under field conditions
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Department of Pesticides Chemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafr-El-Sheikh University, 33516 Kafr-El-Sheikh, Egypt
Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
Submission date: 2016-02-16
Acceptance date: 2016-08-10
Corresponding author
Aly Derbalah
Department of Pesticides Chemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafr-El-Sheikh University, 33516 Kafr-El-Sheikh, Egypt
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2016;56(3):270-278
In this study, foliar sprays of Fenton solutions (Fenton reaction, Fenton-like reaction and Fenton complex), titanium dioxide (TiO2) and the recommended fungicide (chlorothalonil) were estimated in the control of sugar beet leaf spot caused by Cercospora beticola under field conditions in two growing seasons. In addition, the impacts of these treatments on some crop characters (leaf dry weight, root fresh weight, soluble solid content, sucrose content and purity of sugar) were examined. Biochemical and histological changes in the livers and kidneys of treated rats compared to an untreated control were utilized to assess the toxicity of the examined curative agents. Overall, chlorothalonil and Fenton complex were the most effective treatments for disease suppression in both tested seasons followed by Fenton-like reagent, Fenton’s reagent and TiO2, respectively. Growth and yield characters of treated sugar beet significantly increased in comparison to an untreated control. There were mild or no (biochemical and histological) changes in the livers and kidneys of treated rats compared to the control. Fenton solutions and TiO2 may offer a new alternative for leaf spot control in sugar beet.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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