Silicon control of bacterial and viral diseases in plants
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Department of Agriculture, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria (AECS), P.O. Box 6091, Damascus, Syria
Submission date: 2016-08-01
Acceptance date: 2016-10-20
Corresponding author
Nachaat Sakr
Department of Agriculture, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria (AECS), P.O. Box 6091, Damascus, Syria
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2016;56(4):331-336
Silicon plays an important role in providing tolerance to various abiotic stresses and augmenting plant resistance against diseases. However, there is a paucity of reports about the effect of silicon on bacterial and viral pathogens of plants. In general, the effect of silicon on plant resistance against bacterial diseases is considered to be due to either physical defense or increased biochemical defense. In this study, the interaction between silicon foliar or soil-treatments and reduced bacterial and viral severity was reviewed. The current review explains the agricultural importance of silicon in plants, refers to the control of bacterial pathogens in different crop plants by silicon application, and underlines the different mechanisms of silicon-enhanced resistance. A section about the effect of silicon in decreasing viral disease intensity was highlighted. By combining the data presented in this study, a better comprehension of the complex interaction between silicon foliar- or soil-applications and bacterial and viral plant diseases could be achieved.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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