Soil management system in hazelnut groves (Corylus sp.) versus the presence of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae)
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University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Phytopathology and Entomology, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Horticulare, Prawocheńskiego 21, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
Submission date: 2014-08-11
Acceptance date: 2015-01-28
Corresponding author
Mariusz Nietupski
University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Phytopathology and Entomology, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-722 Olsztyn, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(1):26-34
Sustaining biodiversity as well as taking advantage of the natural environment’s resistance are the key elements which should be considered when designing integrated plans for the protection of hazelnut groves. An effort has been made in this study to analyse the impact of different soil cultivation methods in hazelnut groves, on the species composition and number of individuals in carabid assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Another aim was to determine which method of inter-row soil management had the least negative effect on assemblages of these beetles. Because of the type of habitat, the xerothermic species characteristic for south-eastern Europe, i.e. Calathus ambiguus, Poecilus lepidus, Harpalus calceatus, and H. griseus, were the most numerous. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the captured individuals implied that the optimal soil tillage system in young hazelnut groves is when soil is kept fallow with machines or chemicals, or when soil is covered with manure. The least favourable practice for the appearance of ground beetles of the Carabidae family is the use of polypropylene fabric, bark or sawdust, to cover soil.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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