The quantitative changes of ground beetles (Col., Carabidae) in Bt and conventional maize crop in Southern Poland
More details
Hide details
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences Department of Plant Protection, Pl. Grunwaldzki 24a, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland
Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station, Langiewicza 28, 35-101 Rzeszów, Poland
Warsaw University of Life Sciences Department of Applied Entomology, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warszawa, Poland
Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute, Radzików GMO Controlling Laboratory, 05-870 Błonie, Poland
Submission date: 2012-04-27
Acceptance date: 2012-08-16
Corresponding author
Jacek P. Twardowski
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences Department of Plant Protection, Pl. Grunwaldzki 24a, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2012;52(4):404-409
In the southern part of Poland, ground beetle fauna was studied in the first large-scale Bt maize experiment. The aim of this study was to determine the long term impact of the Bt maize cultivar in comparison to conventional plants, on selected non-target arthropods. The DKC 3421 YG cultivar (Bt maize) and the respective isogenic non-Bt varieties (DKC 3420) were cultivated at two locations: (a) Budziszów near Wrocław and in Głuchów near Rzeszów in the south-eastern region of Poland, in the 2008–2010 growing seasons. For comparative analysis, two additional non-Bt cultivars sprayed with a lambda-cyhalotrine insecticide were also included. To monitor population density of surface-active invertebrates of the Carabidae family, eighty pitfall traps were used at each location. The average number of ground beetle populations in the Bt-maize cultivar DKC 3421 YG did not significantly differ from the number of beetles in the conventional ones. Significant differences between the number of beetles occurred on individual dates only. Usually, these differences related to the considerably smaller total number of beetles in the whole replication. Probably, the variation in the number of beetles was caused by climatic factors or the terrain layout, therefore it cannot be related to the cultivar effect.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Bereś P.K. 2010. Harmfulness of Ostrinia nublialis HBN. on some non-Bt versus genetically modified Bt maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars in Poland in 2006–2007. J. Plant Prot. Res. 50 (1): 110–116.
den Boer P.J. 1979. The significance of dispersal power for the survival of species, with special reference to the Carabid beetle in a cultivated countryside. Fortschr. Zool. 25 (2/3): 79–94.
Farinos G.P., de la Poza M., Hernandez-Crespo P., Ortego F., Castaňera P. 2008. Diversity and seasonal phenology of aboveground arthropods in conventional and transgenic maize crops in Central Spain. Biol. Control 44 (3): 362–371.
Grabowski M., Bereś P.K., Dąbrowski Z.T. 2010. Characteristic of selected carabid species (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and their suitability for era and monitoring of GMO release to the environment. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 50 (4): 1602–1606.
Holland J.M. 2002. Carabid beetles: their ecology, survival and use in agroecosystems. In:“The Agroecology of Carabid Beetles” (J.M. Holland ed.). Intercept, Andover, 40 pp.
Hui–Lin Y., Yun–He L., Kong–Ming W. 2011. Risk assessment and ecological effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringensis crops on non-target organisms. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 53 (7): 520–538.
Lang A., Filser J., Henschel J.R. 1999. Predation by ground beetles and wolf spiders on herbivorous insects in a maize crop. Agric. Ecos. Environ. 72 (2): 189–199.
Leslie T.W., Hoheisel G.A., Biddinger D.J., Rohr J.R., Fleischer S.J. 2007. Transgenes sustain epigeal insect biodiversity in diversified vegetable farm systems. Environ. Entomol. 36 (1): 234–244.
Lopez M.D., Prasifka J.R., Bruck D.J., Lewis L.C. 2005. Utility of ground beetle species in field tests of potential nontarget effects of Bt crops. Environ. Entomol. 34 (5): 1317–1324.
Lozzia G.C. 1999. Biodiversity and structure of ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera Carabidae) in Bt corn and its effects on non target insects. Boll. Zool. Agr. Bachic. 31 (1): 37–58.
Manachini B. 2000. Ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and plant dwelling non-target arthropods in isogenic and transgenic corn crops. Boll. Zool. Agr. Bachic. 32 (3): 181–198.
Naranjo S.E. 2009. Impacts of Bt crops on non-target invertebrates and insecticide use patterns. CAB Reviews: Perspective in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 4 (11): 1–23.
de la Poza M., Pons X., Farinos G.P., Lopez C., Ortego F., Eizaguirre M., Castaňera P., Albajes R. 2005. Impact of farm-scale Bt maize on abundance of predatory arthropods in Spain. Crop Prot. 24 (7): 677–684.
Priestley A.L., Brownbridge M. 2009. Field trials to evaluate effects of Bt-transgenic silage corn expressing the Cry 1Ab insecticidal toxin on non-target soil arthropods in northern New England, USA. Transgenic Res. 18 (3): 425–443.
Sehnal F., Habuštová O., Spitzer L., Hussein H.M., Růžička V. 2004. A biannual study on the environmental impact of Bt maize. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 27 (3): 147–160.
Schorling M., Freier B. 2006. Six-year monitoring of non-target arthropods in Bt maize (Cry 1Ab) in the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) infestation area Oderbruch (Germany). J. Verbr. Lebensm., Suppl. 1 (1): 106–108.
Szekeres D., Kádár F., Kiss J. 2006. Activity density, diversity and seasonal dynamics of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Bt-(MON810) and in isogenic maize stands. Entomol. Fennica 17 (3): 269–275.
Thiele H.U. 1977. Carabid Beetles and Their Environments. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 369 pp.
Toschki A., Hothorn L.A., Roß-Nicoll M. 2007. Effects of cultivation of genetically modified Bt maize on epigeic arthropods (Araneae; Carabidae). Environ. Entomol. 36 (4): 967–981.
Twardowski J.P., Bereś P., Hurej M., Klukowski Z. 2010. Ground beetles (Col., Carabidae) in Bt maize-first field large scale experiment in Poland. p. 97–102. In: „GMO’s in Integrated Plant Production“. IOBC/WPRS Bull., 117 pp.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top