A strategy of chemical control of Apera spica-venti L. resistant to sulfonylureas traced on the molecular level
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Faculty of Horticulture, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture, Section of Basic Natural Sciences in Horticulture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
DuPont de Nemours (France) S.A.S., 23/25, rue Delarivière-Lefoullon, La Défense 9, F-92800 Puteaux, France
Marta Stankiewicz-Kosyl
Faculty of Horticulture, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture, Section of Basic Natural Sciences in Horticulture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2016-03-06
Acceptance date: 2017-04-06
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2017;57(2):113–119
Three populations of silky bent grass (Apera spica-venti L.) were tested – one that is susceptible and two that are resistant to sulfonylureas. This study assessed the efficacy of control by different herbicides in a pot experiment and estimated the molecular status of resistance to sulfonylureas in analysed populations and its effect on the efficacy of different chemical treatments. The three most effective herbicide rotation schemes were: 1) chlorsulfuron + isoproturon, ethametsulfuron + metazachlor + quinmerac, chlorsulfuron + isoproturon; 2) prosulfocarb + diflufenican, ethametsulfuron + quizalofop-p-ethyl, prosulfocarb + diflufenican; 3) diflufenican + flufenacet, quizalofop-p-ethyl, diflufenican + flufenacet. In most cases it was more difficult to destroy 100% of the resistant population from Modgarby where the majority of plants had no mutation in the als gene. In the resistant population from Babin there were signifi cantly more individuals with mutation in the als gene, therefore exhibiting target-site resistance.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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