ORIGINAL ARTICLE
An effect of strip-management on carabid beetles (Col., Carabidae) in sugar beet crop
 
More details
Hide details
1
Agricultural University, Department of Plant Protection, Cybulskiego 32, 50-205 Wrocław, Poland
2
Agricultural University, Department of Plant Protection, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Teresa Jaworska
Agricultural University, Department of Plant Protection, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2006;46(1):61–71
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The attractiveness of uncultivated (weedy) and cultivated strips (planted with a mixture of flowering plants) and the adjacent sugar beet crop to Carabidae was studied in 1999–2000 at the Experimental Research Station near Wrocław, Poland. Obtained results showed that greater plant abundance and their diversity on weedy strips had a positive effect on the number of carabid beetles. Also more carabid species were identified in uncultivated strips than in strips of mixture of Phacelia tanacetifolia, Coriandrum sativum and Sinapis alba. The lowest number of species was trapped in sugarbeet crop and bare soil. The most numerous species in all treatments were Pseudoophonus rufipes, Anchomenus dorsalis (Pont.), Poecilus cupres and the species of the Bembidion genera.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (21)
1.
Andersen A. 1997. Densities of overwintering carabids and staphylinids (Col., Carabidae and Staphylinidae) in cereal and grass fields and their boundaries. J. Appl. Entomol. 121: 77–80.
 
2.
Desender K., Alderweireldt M. 1988. Population dynamics of adult and larval carabid beetles in a maize field and its boundary. J. Appl. Entomol. 106: 13–19.
 
3.
Edwards C.A., Sunderland K. D., George K.S. 1979. Studies of polyphagous predators of cereal aphids. J. Appl. Ecol. 16: 811–823.
 
4.
Gravesen E., Toft S. 1987. Grass fields as reservoirs for polyphagous predators (Arthropoda) of aphids (Homopt., Aphididae). J. Appl. Entomol. 104: 461–473.
 
5.
Greenslade P.J.M. 1964. Pitfall trapping as a method for studying populations of Carabidae (Coleoptera). J. Animal Ecol. 33: 301–310.
 
6.
Gross H.R. 1987. Conservation and enhancement of entomophagous insects – a perspective. J. Entomol. Sci. 22: 97–105.
 
7.
Hance T., Gregoire-Wibo C., Lebrun Ph. 1990. Agriculture and ground-beetles populations. Pedobiologia 34: 337–346.
 
8.
Hurej M., Król J., Twardowski J. 1998. Attraction of aphid predators by cultivated and weedy strips. Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects 6: 117–124.
 
9.
Hurej M., Twardowski J. 1999. Species composition and occurrence of bumblebees ( Bombus Latr.) on flowering mixture strips and weedy strips. Zesz. Nauk. AR Wroc. Roln. 367: 83–92.
 
10.
Jaworska T. 1996. The role of Carabidae in controlling Aphis fabae (Scop.). Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects 5: 83–88.
 
11.
Lys J.A., Nentwig W. 1992. Augmentation of beneficial arthropods by stripmanagement. Oecologia 92: 373–382.
 
12.
Lys J.A., Nentwig W. 1994. Improvement of the overwintering sites for Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Aranea by strip-management in a cereal field. Pedobiologia 38: 238–242.
 
13.
Magurran A.E. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Princeton University Press, 192 pp.
 
14.
Sotherton N.W. 1985. The distribution and abundance of predatory Coleoptera overwintering in field boundaries. Ann. Appl. Biol. 106: 17–21.
 
15.
Sunderland K.D., Vickerman G.P. 1980. Aphid feeding by some polyphagous predators in relation to aphid density in cereal fields. J. Appl. Ecol.17: 389–396.
 
16.
Thiele H.U. 1977. Carabid Beetles in their Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 369 pp.
 
17.
Thomas M.B., Wratten S.D., Sotherton N.W. 1992. Creation of „island” habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods: predator densities and species composition. J. Appl. Ecol. 29: 524–531.
 
18.
Twardowski J., Hurej M. 1999. Parasitic Hymenoptera on strips of flowering plants. Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects 7: 313–318.
 
19.
Twardowski J. 2002. Wpływ zwiększonego zróżnicowania roślinnego w agrocenozach na populacje fitofagów i ich wrogów naturalnych. Ph.D.Thesis, AR Wroc., 114 pp.
 
20.
Varchola J.M., Dunn J.P. 2001. Influence of hedgerow and grassy field borders on ground beetle ( Coleoptera: Carabidae ) activity in fields of corn. Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 83: 153–163.
 
21.
Zangger A., Lys J.A., Nentwig W. 1994. Increasing the availability of food and the reproduction of Poecilus cupreus in a cereal field by strip-management. Entomol. Exper. Applic. 71: 111–120.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345