ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Biological management of fruit rot in the world's hottest chilli (Capsicum chinense Jacq.)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, Nagaland, India
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ngullie Marinus
Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, Nagaland, India
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(3):269–273
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Nine plant species and 7 antagonists were tested against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides which is the causal agent of fruit rot disease in the Naga king chilli. In vitro studies indicated that Trichoderma viride and Pseudomonas fluorescens were very effective in inhibiting mycelial growth of the pathogen. Among the plant extracts, Allium sativum (10%) and Azadirachta indica (10%) demonstrated the highest inhibition of mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides. Field evaluation of effective plant extracts and antagonists and fungicide, revealed that spraying with T. viride (2%) showed a maximum disease reduction of 61.41% followed by P. fluorescens, (58.10%). However, the fungicide (Bavistin 0.1%) with 80.84% disease reduction ranked first.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (29)
1.
Adikaram N.K.B., Brown A.E., Swin Surn T.R. 1988. Observation of infection of Capsicum annum fruit by Glomerelia Cingulata and Colletotrichum capsici. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 80 (3): 395–401.
 
2.
Ark P.A., Thompson J.P. 1959. Control of certain disease of plant with antibiotics from garlic (Allium sativum L.). Plant Dis. Rep. 43: 276–282.
 
3.
Azad P. 1992. Efficacy of certain fungitoxicants against Colletotrichum capsici (Syd) Butler and Bisby, the incitant of ripe fruit rot of chilli. J. Assam Sci. Soc. 34 (2): 34–39.
 
4.
Bosland P.W., Baral J.P. 2007. Bhut Jolokia – The world’s hottest known chilli pepper is a putative naturally occurring interspecific hybrid. Hortic. Sci. 42 (2): 222–224.
 
5.
Dennis C., Webster J. 1971. Antagonistic properties of species groups of Trichoderma I. production of non-volatile antibiotics. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 57: 25–39.
 
6.
Dixit S.N., Singh A.K., Tripathi R.D., Dixit S.N. 1979. Fungitoxic and phytotoxic studies of some essential oils. Biol. Bull. India 1: 45–51.
 
7.
Dubeikovsky A.N., Mordukhova E.A., Kochethov V.V., Polikarpova F.Y., Boronin A.M. 1993. Growth promotion of black currant soft wood cuttings by recombinant strain Pseudomonas fluorescens BSP53 a synthesizing an increased amount of indole-3-acetic acid. Soil Biol. Biochem. 25: 1277–1281.
 
8.
Gomez K.A., Gomez A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd ed. Wiley, New York, 680 pp.
 
9.
Jayarajan R., Ramakrishnan G., Dinakaran D., Sridar R. 1994. Development of products of Trichoderma viride and Bacillus subtilis for control of root rot diseases. p. 25–36. In: “Biotechnology in India” (B.K. Dwivedi, G. Pomdey, eds.). Bioved Research Scociety, Allahabad, India.
 
10.
Jeyalakshmi C., Seetharaman K. 1999. Variation in Colletotrichum capsici isolates causing fruit rot and die-back of chilli. J. Soils Crops 4, p. 88.
 
11.
Malathi P. 1996. Biocontrol of groundnut (Arachis hupogaea L.) dry root rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi.) Gold. Ph.D. Thesis. Tamil Nadu Agric. Univ., Coimbatore, India, 169 pp.
 
12.
Manandhar J.B, Hartman G.L., Wang T.C. 1995. Anthracnose development on pepper fruits inoculated with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Plant Dis. 79: 380–383.
 
13.
Maymon M., Minz D., Barbul O., Zveibil A., Elad Y., Freeman S. 2004. Identification to species of Trichoderma biocontrol isolates according to ap-PCR and ITS sequence analyses. Phytoparasitica 32: 370–375.
 
14.
Mishra D. 1988. Fungicides control of anthracnose and fruit rot of chilli. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 58 (2): 147–149.
 
15.
Murthy N.B.K., Amonker S.V. 1974. Effect of natural insecticide from garlic (Allium sativum L.) and its synthetic form (dialyl disulphide) on plant pathogenic fungi. Indian J. Expt. Biol. 12: 208–209.
 
16.
Pandey K.K., Pandey P.K. 2003. Survey and surveillance of vegetable growing areas for prevalence of major diseases. Veg. Sci. 30 (20): 128–134.
 
17.
Patil C.U., Korekar V.B., Peshney N.L. 1993. Effect of die-back and fruit rot on the yield of chilli. PKV. Res. J. 17 (1): 60–63.
 
18.
Raju K.S., Rao G.S. 1989. Effect of combination application of Dithane M-45 with different insecticides to control fruit rot and pest complex on chilli. Indian J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 15 (13): 239–246.
 
19.
Radjacommare R., Nandakumar R., Kandan A., Suresh S., Bharathi M., Raguchander., T., Samiyappan R. 2002. Pseudomonas fluorescens based bio-formulation for management of sheath blight disease and leaf folder insect in rice. Crop Protect. 21: 671–677.
 
20.
Ramamoorthy V., Samiyappan R. 2001. Induction of defense – related gene in Pseudomonas fluorescens – treated chilli plant in response to infection by Colletotrichum capsici. J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 31 (2): 146–155.
 
21.
Rangaswami G. 1994. Fungi of South India. University of Agric. Sciences, Bangalore, 57 pp.
 
22.
Ricker A.J., Ricker R.S. 1936. Introduction to Research on Plant Diseases. John Swift Co., New York, 504 pp.
 
23.
Ritesh M., Dangi R.S., Das S.C., Malhotra R.C. 2000. Hottest chilli variety in India. Curr. Sci. 79 (3): 287–288.
 
24.
Schmitz H. 1930. Poisoned Food Technique Indust. Engin. Chem. Analyst. 2nd ed.: 361–363.
 
25.
Shekhawat P.S., Prasada P. 1971. Antifungal properties of some plant extracts I. Inhibition of spore germination. Indian Phytopathol. 24: 800–802.
 
26.
Singh U.P., Pandey V.N., Wagtner K.G., Singh K.P. 1990. Antifungal activity of ajoene, a constituent of garlic (Allium sativum). Can. J. Bot. 68: 1354–1356.
 
27.
Sujatha Bai E. 1992. Studies on fruit rot of chilli (Capsicum annum L.) caused by Alternaria tenuis Nees. Msc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agric. Univ., Madurai, India, 173 pp.
 
28.
Vidyasekaran P., Muthamilan M. 1995. Development of formulation of Pseudomonas fluorescens for control of chick pea wilt. Plant Dis. 79: 782–790.
 
29.
Voorrips R.E., Finkers R., Sanjaya L., Groenwold R. 2004. QTL mapping of anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.) resistance in a cross between Capsicum annum and C. chinense. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109 (6): 1275–1282.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345