ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of selected parameters of photosynthesis as herbicide stress indicators on the example of glyphosate
 
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1
Department of Horticulture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Entomology, Phytopathology and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
3
Didactic-Experimental Center, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
Online publish date: 2018-10-02
Submission date: 2018-01-16
Acceptance date: 2018-08-06
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3)
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ABSTRACT:
This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of sublethal doses of glyphosate on physiological parameters of a common ornamental plant Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). The herbicide was applied in the following doses: 720 g ha-1 (standard field dose), 144 g ha-1, 28.8 g ha-1, and 14.4 g ha-1, in the form of a spraying treatment of plants in a specialist spraying chamber. The plants were then determined for the net assimilation rate and for a leaf greenness index. Herbicide application in the sublethal doses, i.e. below 720 g ha-1, caused disorders in both analyzed physiological parameters of plants. The glyphosate dose of 144 g ha-1 elicited transient disorders in leaf greenness index. In turn, the use of the lower doses (28.8 g ha-1 and 14.4 g ha-1) caused a short-lasting increase in net photosynthesis rate in the plants that was accompanied by a decreased value of the leaf greenness index. Study results demonstrate the effect of sublethal doses of glyphosate as a stress factor in parameters associated with the process of photosynthesis in plants.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Karol Wysocki   
Department of Horticulture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego 21, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland
 
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