Prevalence of aflatoxin B1 contamination in pre- and post-harvest maize kernels, food products, poultry and livestock feeds in Tamil Nadu, India
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Department of Plant Pathology, Centre for Plant Protection Studies, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India
Rethinasamy Velazhahan
Department of Plant Pathology, Centre for Plant Protection Studies, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2009;49(2):221–224
Aflatoxins, a group of mycotoxins mainly produced by Aspergillus flavus and A.parasiticus, have adverse health effects on humans and livestock that ingest aflatoxin- contaminated food products and feeds.To secure the safety of food and feed, regular monitoring of aflatoxin levels is necessary. In order to understand the magnitude of aflatoxin contamination, a survey was conducted in different agro-ecological zones of Tamil Nadu, India and 242 samples consisting of pre- and post-harvest maize kernels, food products, poultry and livestock feeds were collected from farmers’ fields, poultry farms, retail shops and supermarkets and analyzed for aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination by enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using antiserum raised against aflatoxin B1-Bovine serum albumin (AFB1-BSA). The results indicated that 61.3% of the maize kernel samples were contaminated with AFB 1 and the levels of AFB 1 in 26% of the pre- and post-harvest maize kernels exceeded 20 μg/kg. The highest level of AFB 1 (245 μg/kg) was recorded in post-harvest maize kernel samples. In food products AFB 1 was detected only in two samples out of 30 samples tested. Furthermore, the levels ranged from 0.6 to 3.7 μg/kg. In poultry feeds, AFB 1 was detected in 30 out of 53 samples and the levels ranged from 0.7 to 31.6 μg/kg. Among the 40 livestock feed samples evaluated 29 samples were contaminated with AFB1 at level ranging from 1.8 to 244.9 μg/kg.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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