ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Tea tree and wintergreen essential oils in the management of the invasive species Cortaderia selloana and Nicotiana glauca
 
 
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Departament de Farmacologia, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de València, València, Spain
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
María Amparo Blázquez   

Departament de Farmacologia, Facultat de Farmàcia. Universitat de València, Avda. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100, Burjassot, Spain
Online publish date: 2019-06-12
Submission date: 2018-12-12
Acceptance date: 2019-05-22
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(2):160–169
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The chemical composition of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) and wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) essential oils as well as their phytotoxic effects against two invasive species – Cortaderia selloana and Nicotiana glauca – were studied. Fifty-eight compounds accounting for 98.89–99.94% of the total commercial tea tree and wintergreen essential oils were identified by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Tea tree essential oil with terpinen- 4-ol (28.37 ± 0.05%) followed by 1,8-cineole (15.81 ± 0.06%), γ-terpinene (15.60 ± 0.03%), α-pinene (10.92 ± 0.08%) and α-terpinene (8.52 ± 0.01%) as the main compounds did not produce significant effects against seed germination and hypocotyl growth of N. glauca, but showed significant effects in seed germination inhibition of C. selloana (34.69%) as well as in hypocotyl (60.96%) and radicle (62.55%) growth, at the highest dose (1 μl ⋅ ml–1) assayed. High amounts of methyl salicylate (99.63 ± 0.02%) were found in G. procumbens essential oil with remarkable phytotoxic effects in C. seollana. Methyl salicylate inhibited seed germination (77.38%) and hypocotyl and radicle growth (96.38% and 96.65%, respectively) at the highest dose (1 μl ⋅ ml–1) assayed. Wintergreen essential oil constitutes an eco-friendly alternative to control the high capacity of invasiveness of C. selloana.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to thank the Central Service for Experimental Research of the University of Valencia (SCSIE) for providing the Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry equipment and Professor Pilar Soriano from the Jardín Botánico de Valencia for collecting and providing the seeds.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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