The emergence of Pantoea species as a future threat to global rice production
Mohammad Malek Faizal Azizi 1, A-D,   Siti Izera Ismail 1, A,C-F,   Md Yasin Ina-Salwany 2, A,C-F,   Erneeza Mohd Hata 1, A,C-F,   Dzarifah Zulperi 1, 3, A,C-F  
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Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Laboratory of Sustainable Resources Management, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Dzarifah Zulperi   

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Submission date: 2020-05-13
Acceptance date: 2020-07-01
Online publication date: 2020-10-09
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2020;60(4):327–335
Pantoea species (Pantoea spp.) is a diverse group of Gram-negative bacteria in the Enterobacteriaceae family that leads to devastating diseases in rice plants, thus affecting significant economic losses of rice production worldwide. Most critical rice diseases such as grain discoloration, bacterial leaf blight, stem necrosis and inhibition of seed germination have been reported to be caused by this pathogen. To date, 20 Pantoea spp. have been identified and recognized as having similar phenotypic and diverse characteristics. Detection via phenotypic and molecular-based approaches, for example the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and multiplex PCR give us a better understanding of the diversity of Pantoea genus and helps to improve effective disease control strategies against this emergent bacterial pathogen of rice. In this review, we focused on the significance of rice diseases caused by Pantoea spp. and insights on the taxonomy and characteristics of this destructive pathogen via phenotypic and molecular identification.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
We acknowledge Universiti Putra Malaysia (Grant 9494600) and Fundamental Research Grant Scheme from the Ministry of Education Malaysia (Grant 5540090) for financial support. Mohammad Malek Faizal Azizi is the recipient of the Research Fellowship from Universiti Putra Malaysia.
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