ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccinea) of ornamental plants in a greenhouse of the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University Botanical Garden in Lublin
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of Agriculture, Department of Entomology Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Katarzyna Golan
University of Agriculture, Department of Entomology Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2006;46(4):347–352
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The aim of presented investigation was to determine the composition of scale insects species and intensity of their occurrence on some greenhouse’s ornamental plants. The investigations were carried out in the greenhouse of Maria Curie Skłodowska Botanical Garden in Lublin in years 2002–2004. Eight species belonging to seven botanical families were observed: Abutilon striatum cv. Thomsoni, Cyrtomium falcatum Presl., Dizygotheca elegantissima (Veitch), Hedera helix L., Hypoestes phyllostachya Presl., Nerium oleander L., Passiflora guadrangularia L., Ruscus aculeatus L. The quantitative analysis of the studied material was performed making use of the following ecological indicators: number and density. Identification of the scale insects species was performed on the basis of microscope slides. Three species of the scale insects belonging to three families were observed on ornamental plants: Pseudococcidae [Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrh.)], Coccidae [Saissetia coffeae (Walker)] and Diaspididae (Aspidiotus nerii Bouchè). The scale insects were noted on all species of studied plants. Observed scale insects are typical polyphagous and all of them are considered as harmful pests in greenhouses. Among scale insects inhabiting this group of plants distinctly numerous on particular host plants were S. coffea and A. nerii. On the studied plants scale insects were stated at four degree of density.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (22)
1.
Ben-Dov Y. 1993. A Systematic Catalogue of the Soft Scale Insects of the World. Sandhill Crane Press, Inc., Gainesville (Florida) and Leiden, 536 pp.
 
2.
Ben-Dov, Y., Hodgson C.J. 1997. Soft Scale Insects – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam & New York, 452 pp.
 
3.
Dziedzicka A. 1988a. Wełnowce szklarniowe (Homoptera, Coccinea, Pseudococcidae). Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 333: 87–91.
 
4.
Dziedzicka A. 1988b. Czerwce szklarniowe (Coccinea) Polski. Rocz. Nauk.-Dydakt. WSP Kraków 123: 79–91.
 
5.
Dziedzicka A. 1989: Scale insects (Coccinea) occurring in Polish greenhouses. I. Diaspididae. Acta Biol. Crac. Ser. Zool. 31: 93–114.
 
6.
Dziedzicka A. 1990. The characteristic of scale insects (Coccinea) occurring in Polish greenhouses. Part II. Coccidae. Acta Biol. Crac. Ser. Zool. 32: 17–27.
 
7.
Foldi I. 2000. Diversity and modification of the scale insects communities of the Hyères islands in natural and man-modified environments (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Ann. Soc. Entomol. (N.S.) 36: 75–94.
 
8.
Gimpel W.F., Miller D.R. 1996. Systematic analysis of the mealybugs in the Pseudococcus maritimus complex (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Contrib. Entomol., Int. 2: 1–163.
 
9.
Golan K., Górska-Drabik E. 2004. The scale insects of some tropical fruit plants in greenhouses of Botanical Garden in Lublin (Poland). Latvian J. Agron. 7: 39–42.
 
10.
Górny M., Grüm L. 1981. Metody Stosowane w Zoologii Gleby. PWN, Warszawa, 483 pp.
 
11.
Hodgson C.J., Henderson R.C. 2000. Coccidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, Canterbury, NZ, 259 pp.
 
12.
Hodgson C.J., Hilburn D.J. 1990. List of plant hosts of Coccoidea recorded in Bermuda up to 1989. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Parks, Hamilton, Bermuda. Bull. 39, 22 pp.
 
13.
Hodgson C.J. 1994. The Scale Insect Family Coccidae: an Identification Manual to Genera. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 639 pp.
 
15.
Komosińska H. 1961. On some scale-insects (Homoptera, Coccoidea) living in greenhouses in Poland. Frag. Faun. 9: 221–232.
 
16.
Kosztarab M. 1996. Scale Insects of Northeastern North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History,. Sp. Publ. Nb 3, Martinsville, 650 pp.
 
17.
Łagowska B. 1995. Występowanie czerwców (Homoptera, Coccinea) na doniczkowych roślinach ozdobnych w szklarniach. Mat. Ogólnopol. Konf. Nauk. “Nauka Praktyce Ogrodniczej”. AR, Lublin, 14–15 września 1995: 375–378.
 
18.
Munting J. 1969. Observations on some armored scale insects (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae) from South-West Africa and neighboring territories. Cimbebasia 1 (ser. A): 115–161.
 
19.
Saakyan-Baranova A.A. 1964. On the biology of the soft scale Coccus hesperidum L. (Homoptera, Coccoidea). Entomol. Obozr. 43: 268–296.
 
20.
Tingle C., Copland M. 1988. Effects of temperature and host-plant on regulation of glasshouse mealybug (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) populations by introduced parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Bull. Ent. Res. 78: 135–142.
 
21.
Williams M, Kosztarab M. 1972. Morphology and systematics of the Coccidae of Virginia with notes on their biology (Homoptera: Coccoidea). Res. Div. Bull. Virginia Polytech., Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg 74: 1–215.
 
22.
Williams D.J., Watson G.W. 1990. The Scale Insects of the Tropical South Pacific Region. Pt. 3: The Soft Scales (Coccidae) and Other Families. CAB International Institute of Entomology, London, 267 pp.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345