The significance of alien and invasive slug species for plant communities in agrocenoses
More details
Hide details
Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
Jan Kozłowski
Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2012;52(1):67–76
This paper lists alien invasive species of slugs occurring on crops grown in the ground and under covers, as well as in adjacent habitats. It gives a description of their origin, distribution within Poland, frequency of occurrence in different habitats, and an evaluation of the danger to cultivated plants posed by particular slug species. Based on reports in the literature and the results of original research, basic data is presented concerning the biology and harmfulness of these slugs on crops. The potential risk of the spreading of invasive slug species is evaluated, as well as their adverse impact on crop plants. It has been concluded that a major risk to the biodiversity of agrocenoses and to cultivated plants is currently posed by the slugs Arion lusitanicus , A. rufus and A. distinctus . These slugs are spreading rapidly within Poland, often occur in large numbers, and do significant damage to various species of plant.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Altena C.O. van Regteren. 1955. Notes sur les Limaces. 3. Sur la présence en France d’Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868. J. de Conchyl. 95 (3): 89–99.
Anderson R. 2005. An annotated list of the non-marine Mollusca of Britain and Ireland. J. Conch. 38 (6): 607–637.
Barker G.M. 1999. Naturalised Terrestrial Stylommatophora(Mollusca: Gastropoda). Fauna of New Zealand 38, 254 pp.
Barker G. M., Efford M. G. 2004. Predatory gastropods as natural enemies to terrestrial gastropods and other invertebrates. p. 279–403. In: “Natural Enemies of Terrestrial Molluscs” (G.M. Barker, ed.). Landcare Res. Ham. New Zealand, CABI Publishing, Wallingford (UK) – Cambrige (USA) 1, 640 pp.
Bössneck U. 1994. Deroceras panormitanum (Lessona and Pollonera, 1882) und Tandonia budapestensis (Hazay, 1881) – zwei für Ostdeutschland neue Nacktschneckenarten (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Agriolimacidae et Milacidae). Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 17: 87–90. (with English Summary).
Buschmann H., Keller M., Porret N., Dietz H., Edwards P. J. 2005. The effect of slug grazing vegetation development and plant species diversity in an experimental grassland. Funct. Ecol. 19: 291–298.
Castillejo J. 1997. The slugs of the family Arionidae Gray, 1840 from Iberia Peninsula and Balearic Islands. Morphology and distribution (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Terrestria nuda). Rev. R. Acad. Galega Cien. 16: 51–118.
Castillejo J., Rodriquez T. 1993. Las especies del genero ArionFerussac, 1819 en Portugal (Gastropoda, Pulmonata: Arionida). Graellsia 49: 17–37. (with English Abstract).Castillejo J., Seijas I., Villoch F. 1996. Slug and snail pests in Spanish crops and their economical importance. p. 327–332. In: “Slug and Snail Pests in Agriculture” (I.F. Henderson, ed.). British Crop Protection Council, Monograph 6, Farnham, UK, 450 pp.
Dankowska E. 1991. Biologia i szkodliwość ślimaków nagich w szklarni i tunelu. Materiały 31. Sesji Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin, cz. 2, 36–38. (with English Summary).
Davis A. J. 1989. Effects of soil compaction on damage to wheat seeds by three pest species of slug. Crop Protect. 8: 118–121.
Davies S. M. 1987. Arion flagellusCollinge and A. lusitanicus Mabille in the British Isles: A morphological, biological and taxonomic investigation. J. Conch. 32: 339–354.
Falkner G., Ripken T.E.J., Falkner M. 2002. Mollusques continentaux de France Liste de Référence annotée et Bibliographie. Patrimoines Natureles 52. Museum d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 350 pp.
Forsyth R.G. 2004. Land Snails of British Columbia. Royal British Columbia Museum, Canada, 188 pp.
Frank T. 1998. Slug damage and numbers of the slug pests, Arion lusitanicus and Deroceras reticulatum in oilseed rape grown beside sown wildflower strips. Agric. Ecos. Env. 67 (1): 67–78.
Frank T. 2003. Influence of slug herbivory on the vegetation development in an experimental wildflower strip. Basic Appl. Ecol. 4: 139–147.
Frömming E. 1954. Biologie der Mitteleuropäischen Landgastropoden. Berlin–München, 404 pp.
Glen D. M., Milson N. F., Wiltshire C. W. 1989. Effects of seedbad conditions on slug numbers and damage to winter wheat in a clay soil. Ann. Appl. Biol. 115: 177–190.
Glen D. M., Wiltshire C. W., Milsom N. F. 1992. Some aspects of forecasting slug damage in arable crops. J. Medical Appl. Malacol. 4: 147–152.
Głowaciński Z., Okarma H., Pawłowski J., Solarz W. 2009. Księga Gatunków Obcych Inwazyjnych w Faunie Polski. www.iop.krakow.pl/gatunkiobce.
Godan D. 1979. Schadschnecken und ihre Bekämpfung. Ulmer: Stuttgart, 467 pp.
Godan D. 1983. Pest Slugs and Snails: Biology and Control. Springer–Verlag. Berlin, Germany, 445 pp.
Gordon D.G. 1994. Western Society of Malacologists Field Guide to the Slug. Sasquatch Books. Seattle, Waschington, 48 pp.
Hunter P.J. 1966. The distribution and abundance of slugs on an arable plot in Northumberland. J. Anim. Ecol. 35: 543–557.
Iglesias J., Speiser B. 2001. Distribution of Arion hortensiss.s. and Arion distinctus in Northern Switzerland. J. Moll. Stud. 67: 209–214.
Keller M., Kollmann J., Edwards P. J. 1999. Palatability of weeds from different European origins to the slugs Deroceras reticulatum Müller and Arion lisitanicus Mabille. Acta Oecologica 20: 109–118.
Kerney M. P., Cameron R. A. D. 1979. A Field Guide to the Land Snails of Britain and North-west Europe. Harper Collins Publish, London, 288 pp.
Kosińska M. 1973. Monacha cartusiana(Müller) i Milax budapestensis(Hazay) – dwa interesujące gatunki w faunie Polski. Przegl. Zool. 17: 59–62. (with English Summary).
Kozłowski J. 1999. Ślimaki (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora) – niedoceniane szkodniki roślin uprawnych w Polsce. Post. Nauk Rol. 6: 39–50. (with English Summary).
Kozłowski J. 2000a. Distribution and places of occurrence of the slug Arion lusitanicus Mabille (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). Bull. Pol. Acad. Scien., Biol. Scien. 48 (4): 409–415.
Kozłowski J. 2000b. Reproduction of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae) introduced in Poland. Folia Malacol. 8 (1): 87–94.
Kozłowski J. 2001. A new site of occurrence of Arion lusitanicusMabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). J. Plant Protection Res. 41 (3): 309–313.
Kozłowski J. 2005. Host plants and harmfulness of the Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 slug. J. Plant Protection Res. 45 (3): 221–233.
Kozłowski J. 2007. The distribution, biology, population dynamics and harmfulness of Arion lusitanicusMabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae) in Poland. J. Plant Protection Res. 47 (3): 219–230.
Kozłowski J. 2008. Obcy inwazyjny ślimak nagi ślinik luzytański – Arion lusitanicus. Charakterystyka, metody zwalczania i rejestracji stanowisk występowania w Polsce. Rozpr. Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin 17, 48 pp.
Kozłowski J., Kałuski T., Jaskuska M. 2010. Obce inwazyjne gatunki ślimaków zagrażajace roslinom uprawnym w Polsce. Prog. Plant Protection/Postępy Ochr. Roślin. 50 (1): 133–139.(with English Summary).
Kozłowski J., Kałuski T., Kozłowski R.J. 2008. Rozmieszczenie i ekspansja populacji ślinika luzytańskiego (Arion lusitanicus Mabille) na terenie Polski. Prog. Plant Protection/Postępy Ochr. Roślin 48 (3): 893–897. (with English Summary).
Kozłowski J., Kornobis S. 1994. Arion sp. (Gastropoda: Arionidae) – szkodnik zagrażający roślinom uprawnym w województwie rzeszowskim. Materiały 34. Sesji Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin cz. 2: 237–240. (with English Summary).
Kozłowski J., Kornobis S. 1995. Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Arionidae) w Polsce oraz nowe stanowisko Arion rufus (Linnaeus, 1758). Przegl. Zool. 39 (1–2): 79–82. (with English Summary).
Kozłowski J., Kozłowska M. 2000. Weeds as a supplementary or alternative food for Arion lusitanicus Mabille (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). J. Conch. 37 (1): 75–79.
Kozłowski J., Kozłowski R.J. 2000. Periods of occurrence and fecundity of Arion lusitanicus Mab. (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in crop plant habitats in Poland. J. Plant Protection Res. 40 (3/4): 260–266.
Kozłowski J., Kozłowski R.J. 2010. Obce Inwazyjne Gatunki Ślimaków Nagich Występujące w Polsce. Metody Wykrywania i Zapobiegania ich Rozprzestrzenianiu. Inst. Ochr. Roślin – PIB, Poznań, 60 pp.
Kozłowski J., Sionek R. 2000a. The rate of egg laying and hatching of the slug Arion lusitanicus Mabille, a pest of arable crops. J. Plant Protection Res. 40 (2): 162–167.
Kozłowski J., Sionek R. 2000b. Seasonal fluctuations of abundance and age structure of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). Folia Malacol. 8 (4): 271–276.
Kozłowski J., Sionek R., Kozłowska M. 1996. Ocena przydatności różnych przynęt do odłowu ślimaków ‘nagich’ (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 36 (2): 18–22. (with English Summary).
Lanta V. 2007. Effect of slug grazing on biomass production of a plant community during a short term biodiversity experiment. Acta Oecologica 32: 145–151.
Mikovcová A., Juŕićková L., Petrusek A. 2007. Monacha cartusiana(O.F. Müller, 1774) – the phylogenetic study of the Central Europe populations has started. Abstracts of Invasive Molluscs Conference, Cambridge, 2 April 2007. The London Malacological Society, p. 9.
Port C.M., Port G.R. 1986. The biology and behaviour of slugs in relation to crop damage and control. Agric. Zool. Rev. 1: 255–299.
Reise H., Hutchinson J.M.C., Robinson D.G. 2006. Two introduced pest slugs: Tandonia budapestensisnew to the Americas and Deroceras panormitanum new to the Eastern USA. The Veliger 48 (2): 110–115.
Reischütz P.L. 1984. Zum massenhaften Auftreten von Arion lusitanicus Mabille in den Jahren 1982 und 1983. Mitteilungen der Zoologischen Gesellschaft Braunau 4: 253–254.
Riedel A. 1988. Ślimaki Lądowe. Gastropoda terrestria. Katalog Fauny Polski 36, T. 1, 316 pp.
Riedel A., Wiktor A. 1974. Arionacea – Ślimaki Krążałkowate i Ślinikowate (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Fauna Polski 2. PWN, Warszawa, 140 pp.
Sionek R. 2006. Ślimaki. www.sionekr.republika.pl.
Sionek R., Kozłowski J. 1999. Species composition and abundance dynamics of slugs (Gastropoda Terrestria Nuda) in urban conditions. Folia Malacol. 7 (2): 115–122.
Soroka M., Kozłowski J., Wiktor A., Kałuski T. 2009. Distribution and genetic diversity of the terrestrial slugs Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 and Arion rufus(Linnaeus, 1758) in Poland based on mitochondrial DNA. Folia Biol. 57 (1–2): 71–81.
South A. 1992. Terrestrial Slugs: Biology, Ecology, and Control. Chapman and Hall, London, 444 pp.
Stworzewicz E. 2008. Obce gatunki ślimaków lądowych (Gastropoda terrestria) w polskiej malakofaunie – propozycje do „Księgi gatunków obcych inwazyjnych w Polsce”. XXIV Krajowe Seminarium Malakologiczne. Gdynia, 2–4 April 2008, p. 67.
Stworzewicz E., Kozłowski J. 2009. Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 – ślinik luzytański. In: „Księga Gatunków Obcych Inwazyjnych w Faunie Polski” (Z. Głowaciński, H. Okarma, J. Pawłowski, W. Solarz, eds.). www.iop.krakow.pl/ gatunkiobce.
van den Bruel W.E., Moens R. 1958. Remarques sur les facteurs écologiques influencant l’efficacité de la lutte contre les limaces. Parasitica 14: 135–147.
von Proschwitz T. 1992. Spanska skogssnigeln – Arion lusitanicus Mabille – en artisnabb spridning med människan i sverige. Göteborgs Naturhistorika Museum, Ärstryck: 35–42.
von Proschwitz T. 1994. Oxychilus cellarius (Müller) and Oxychilus draparnaudi(Beck) as predators on egg-clutches of Arion lusitanicusMabille. J. Conch. 35 (2): 183–184.
von Proschwitz T., Winge K. 1994. Iberia skogsnegl – en art pä spredning i Norge (Arion lusitanicusMabille – an anthropochorous slug spreading in Norway). Fauna. 47 (3): 195–300. (with English Summary).
Wiktor A. 1973. Die Nacktschnecken Polens – Arionidae, Milacidae, Limacidae (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora). Monogr. Fauny Polski 1, Warszawa–Kraków, 289 pp.
Wiktor A. 1987. Milacidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) – systematic monograph. Ann. Zool. 41 (3): 153–319.
Wiktor A. 1989. Limacoidea et Zonitoidea nuda. Ślimaki Pomrowiokształtne (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Fauna Polski – Fauna Poloniae 12, PWN Warszawa, 208 pp.
Wiktor A. 1996. The slugs of the former Yugoslavia (Gastropoda terrestria nuda – Arionidae, Milacidae, Limacidae, Agriolimacidae). Ann. Zool. 46: 1–110.
Wiktor A. 2000. Agriolimacidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) – a systematic monograph. Ann. Zool. 49 (4): 155–157.Wiktor A. 2001. Deroceras(Deroceras) panormitanum(Lessona et Pollonera, 1882) – a new introduced slug species in Poland (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Agriolimacidae). Folia Malacol. 9 (3): 155–157.
Wiktor A. 2004. Ślimaki Lądowe Polski. Mantis, Olsztyn, 302 pp.