To bee or not to bee: creating DNA insecticides to replace non-selective organophosphate insecticides for use against the soft scale insect Ceroplastes japonicus Green
Refat Zhevdetovich Useinov 1, A-F  
,   Nikita Gal'chinsky 1, A-F
,   Ekaterina Yatskova 2, A-F,   Ilya Novikov 1, 3, A-F
,   Yelizaveta Puzanova 1, 4, A-F,   Natalya Trikoz 5, A-F,   Alexander Sharmagiy 2, A-F,   Yuri Plugatar 6, A-F,   Kateryna Laikova 1, 3, A-F,   Volodymyr Oberemok 1, 7, A-F
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Biochemistry Department, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia
Laboratory of Entomology and Phytopathology, Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Russia
Department of Essential Oil and Medicinal Crops, Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea, Simferopol, Russia
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agriculture, Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea, Simferopol, Russia
Department of Dendrology, Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Russia
Department of Natural Ecosystems, Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Russia
Laboratory of Plant Genomics and Bioinformatics, Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Russia
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Refat Zhevdetovich Useinov   

Biochemistry Department, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia
Submission date: 2020-05-18
Acceptance date: 2020-07-02
Online publication date: 2020-09-28
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2020;60(4):406–409
Obviously, the moment has come in agriculture and forestry when we must decide to gradually abandon (where possible) non-selectively acting chemical insecticides, taking into consideration the overall decrease in the total biomass of insects, especially pollinators, and the increased number of diseases and human deaths directly or indirectly associated with chemical insecticides. Yet with the world facing the rapid growth of human populations, the annual reduction of cultivated areas, and substantial losses from insect pests, most experts believe that no serious alternative to chemical insecticides exists. However, there is definitely room to create more well-tailored chemical insecticides. And there is hope, in the form of effective DNA insecticides able to provide an adequate level of safety for non-target organisms. In this short communication describing experiments carried out on the larvae of Ceroplastes japonicus Green (feeding on Ilex aquifolium Linnaeus), we show for the first time the enormous potential for the use of DNA insecticides in the control of soft scale insects and how they could replace non-selective organophosphate insecticides.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
This research was funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation within the framework of the Federal Target Program Research and Developments in Priority Directions of the Scientific and Technological Complex of Russia for 2014-2020 (unique project identifier RFMEFI61319X0096).
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