A pheromone-based trapping system for monitoring the population of Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
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Western Pacific Tropical Research Center, College of Natural and Applied Sciences University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA
IPM CRSP, OIRED, Virginia Tech, 1060 Litton-Reaves Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Corresponding author
Reddy Gadi V.P.
Western Pacific Tropical Research Center, College of Natural and Applied Sciences University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2008;48(4):515-527
The banana root borer Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is native to Malaysia and Indonesia but is found in nearly all banana-growing areas of the world. Studies were conducted to determine the pheromone trap efficacy, effect of shade on trap catches and to monitor the population of C. sordidus using pheromones in Guam. In Guam, pheromone traps were used to monitor the population level of C. sordidus. Before monitoring began, two basic studies were carried out, which established that pheromone-baited ramp traps positioned in the shade of the banana crop canopy caught significantly more adults than those placed in sunlight and that ramp traps baited with pheromone lures caught significantly more adults than did identical traps without pheromone lures. Ramp traps baited with pheromone lures were set up at each of 10 locations throughout the island in November 2005. Weekly counts were made of the borers caught by the pheromone traps. The data indicated higher population levels (>10 per week) in the northern region and low (<5 per week) to medium level (5–10 week) populations in the southern part of the island. These differences among sites were highly significant. Linear and quadratic effects of rainfall on the number of borers captured were statistically significant, but according to quadratic regression models, the significance was due to differences at just one site.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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