Influence of nitrogen fertilization on biology of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) reared on Chrysanthemum iindicum (Asteraceae)
More details
Hide details
Department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, 38137 Arak, Iran
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Razi University, P.O. Box: 67156-85438, Kermanshah – Iran
Department of Plant Protection, College of Abouraihan, University of Tehran, P.O. Box: 4117, Iran
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2012;52(1):118-121
The experiment studied the effect of different nitrogen levels on the biology and life table parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover reared on Chrysanthemum indicum Kitan. The fertilizer treatments were administered at 0, 25, 50, 100 and 150% of the agronomic recommended concentration. The aphids were collected from greenhouses in Mahalat and transported to pots. The different nitrogen fertilizer levels did not show a specific effect on the potassium and phosphorus content in leaves. The intrinsic rate of increase and net reproductive rate ranged from 0.173 to 0.225, and 15.47 to 28.28, respectively, at different tested fertilizer levels. The aphids showed the significantly lowest mean generation time and the highest finite rate of increase when fed on chrysanthemum fertilized at a 150% fertilizer level. The aphids fecundity and survival showed a positive correlation when the fertilizer concentration was increased. On the other hand, the highest life expectancy was obtained for the aphids fed on chrysanthemum with a 25% nitrogen level. The present data suggest that plant nitrogen content is an important factor contributing to the increase severity of the cotton aphid as a pest of chrysanthemum.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Bentz J.A., Reeves J., Barbosa P., Francis B. 1995. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer source and level on ovipositional choice of poinsettia by Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). J. Ecol. Entomol. 88 (5): 1388–1392.
Bethke, J.A., Redak R.A., Schuch U.K. 1998. Melon aphid performance on chrysanthemum as mediates by cultivar and differential levels of fertilization and irrigation. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 88 (1): 41–47.
Blackman R., Eastop V.F. 2000. Aphids on the World’s Crops: an Identification and Information Guide. 2nd ed. Wiley, London, United Kingdom, 476 pp.
Carey J.R. 1993. Applied Demography for Biologists with Special Emphasis on Insects. Oxford University Press, New York, 224 pp.
Chau A., Heinz K.M., Davies J.F.T. 2005. Influence of fertilization on Aphis gossypii and insecticide usage. J. Appl. Entomol. 129 (2): 89–97.
Cisneros J.J. 1999. Influence of agronomic practices and host plant on the morphology, population dynamics and insecticide susceptibility of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis, 152 pp.
Davis F.T., He C.J., Chau A., Heinz K.M., Cartmill A.D. 2004. Fertility affects susceptibility of chrysanthemum to cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii): influence on plant growth, photosynthesis, ethylene evolution and herbivore abundance. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 129 (3): 344–353.
Dixon A.F.G. 1987. Parthenogenesis reproduction and the rate of increase in aphids. p. 269–287. In: “Aphids, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control” (A.K. Minks, P. Harrewijn, eds.). Elsevier, Amesterdam, Netherland, 450 pp.
Gissella M. Vasquez D., Orr B., Baker J.R. 2006. Efficiency assessment of Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) for suppression of Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae) in greenhouse grown chrysanthemum. J. Eco. Entomol. 99 (4): 1104–1111.
Maia A.H.N., Luiz A., Campanhola C. 2000. Statistical influence on associated fertility life table parameters using jackknife technique, computational aspects. J. Ecol. Entomol. 93 (2): 511–518.
Meyer J.S., Ingersoll C.G., Mc Donald L.L., Boyce M.S. 1986. Estimating uncertainly in population growth rates: Jackknife vs. bootstrap techniques. Ecol. 67: 1156–1166.
Nevo E., Coll M. 2001. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae): variation in size, color and reproduction. J. Ecol. Entomol. 94 (1): 27–33.
Petitt F.L., Loader C.A., Schon M.K. 1994. Reduction of nitrogen concentration in the hydroponic solution on population growth rate of the aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) Aphis gossypii on cucumber and Myzus persicae on pepper. Environ. Entomol. 23 (4): 930–936.
SPSS. 2004. SPSS Base 13.0 User’s Guide. SPSS Incorporation, Chicago, IL, 712 pp.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top